Étienne Périer (governor)

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Étienne Périer
5th French Governor of Louisiana
MonarchLouis XV
Preceded byPierre Dugué de Boisbriand
Succeeded byJean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville
Personal details
Born
Étienne Périer de Salvert

1687
Le Havre, France
DiedApril 1, 1766(1766-04-01) (aged 78–79)
Gonneville, France
Spouse(s)Catherine Le Chibelier
Military service
AllegianceKingdom of France Kingdom of France
Branch/serviceFrench Navy
Years of service1702–1766
RankLieutenant General
Battles/warsWar of the Spanish Succession
Natchez Revolt
Seven Years' War
AwardsOrder of Saint Louis Grand Croix

Étienne Périer was the fifth governor of the Louisiana colony. He became governor in 1727. His governorship was marked by the arrival of the first Ursuline nuns in New Orleans in 1727 to establish the first convent within the limits of what was to become the United States as well as a war against the Natchez Indians due to bad relations with the Sieur de Chépart, the commander at Fort Rosalie. After agitating the Indians by demanding that they give up either their village or their land, the Indians launched an attack on November 29, 1729, and killed nearly three hundred persons at Fort Rosalie. The French retaliated and by 1731 had killed or captured most of the Indians. The captured Indians were sent as slaves to Santo Domingo, and the few remaining free moved further westward and joined the Chickasaw Indians. This marked the end of the Natchez Indian nation. In the same year, the Company of the Indies petitioned the King of France to take back their charter, thus ending their control of the colony. Périer remained governor for two years after Louisiana was returned to the Crown but became frustrated with deteriorating relations with the Chickasaws and lost interest in the colony. He resigned, and Jean-Baptiste le Moyne de Bienville was chosen to yet again serve as governor of the colony.

References[edit]

  • Davis, Edwin Adams. Louisiana the Pelican State. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1961. LCCN 59:9088.
Preceded by
Pierre Dugué de Boisbriant
French Governor of Louisiana
1727–1733
Succeeded by
Jean-Baptiste le Moyne de Bienville