1157 Hama earthquake

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1157 Hama earthquake
1157 Hama earthquake is located in Syria
1157 Hama earthquake
Local date12 August 1157
Epicenter35°06′N 36°30′E / 35.1°N 36.5°E / 35.1; 36.5Coordinates: 35°06′N 36°30′E / 35.1°N 36.5°E / 35.1; 36.5[1]
Areas affectedSyria (region)
Total damageExtreme[2]
Max. intensityVIII–IX

The 1157 Hama earthquake occurred on 12 August after a year of foreshocks. Its name was taken from the city of Hama, in west-central Syria (then under the Seljuk rule), where the most casualties were sustained.[1] In eastern Syria, near the Euphrates, the quake destroyed the predecessor of the citadel Al-Rahba, subsequently rebuilt on the same strategic site. The earthquake also affected Christian monasteries and churches in the vicinity of Jerusalem.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Ambraseys, Nicholas N. (2004). "The 12th century seismic paroxysm in the Middle East: a historical perspective" (PDF). Annals of Geophysics. Istituto Nazionale Geofisica e Vulcanologia. 47 (2–3): 733, 738, 745, 750.
  2. ^ a b National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), Significant Earthquake Database, National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K