1556 in literature
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This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1556.
- Unknown dates
- The first printing press in India is introduced by Jesuits at Saint Paul's College, Goa.
- The first written evidence of Yakshagana dance-drama is found on an inscription at the Lakshminarayana Temple, Hosaholalu in India.
- Augustus, Elector of Saxony, establishes a royal state library in Dresden, predecessor of the Saxon State and University Library Dresden.
- Pierre de Ronsard – Les Hymnes
- March 7 – Guillaume du Vair, French lawyer and philosopher (died 1621)
- April 27 – François Béroalde de Verville, French novelist and poet (died 1626)
- July 25 (baptised) – George Peele, English dramatist and poet (died 1596)
- August 10 – Philipp Nicolai, German poet and composer (died 1608)
- November 15 – Jacques Davy Duperron, French poet, cardinal and politician (died 1618)
- November 25 (baptised) – John Heminges, English actor and editor of the First Folio (died 1630)
- Unknown date – John Paul Nazarius, Italian theologian (died 1645)
- April 26 – Valentin Friedland, German scholar and teacher (born 1490)
- May 7 – Hieronymus Andreae, German printer and publisher (date of birth unknown)
- July 31 – Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish theologian, founder of the Jesuits (born 1491)
- October 21 – Pietro Aretino, Italian satirist (born 1492)
- October 31 – Johannes Sleidanus, Luxembourgeois historian (born 1506)
- November 14 – Giovanni della Casa, Florentine poet (born 1503)
- December 23 – Nicholas Udall, English dramatist (born 1504)
- Unknown dates
- Geoffrey C. Gunn (2003). First Globalization: The Eurasian Exchange, 1500 to 1800. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-7425-2662-4.
- Martha Bush Ashton, Bruce Christie (1977). Yakshagana, a Dance Drama of India. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications. pp. 21–22. Retrieved 2012-08-08.
- Sir Frederic George Kenyon (1930). Libraries & Museums. E. Benn. p. 27.
- Halliday, F. E. A Shakespeare Companion 1564–1964. Baltimore, Penguin, 1964, p 213
- Edward Hutton (1923). Pietro Aretino: The Scourge of Princes. Houghton Mifflin. p. 229.
- John A. Wagner; Susan Walters Schmid (2012). Encyclopedia of Tudor England. ABC-CLIO. p. 1120. ISBN 978-1-59884-298-2.
- Daisy L. Neijmann A History of Icelandic Literature, p. 177.