1585 in literature
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This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1585.
- February 2 – Hamnet and Judith, twin children of William Shakespeare and his wife Anne, are baptised at Stratford-upon-Avon.
- March 3 – The Teatro Olimpico, Vicenza, designed by Andrea Palladio, and completed by Vincenzo Scamozzi, opens with a production of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex), using trompe-l'œil scenery in one-point perspective.
- December 13 – The blind poet, playwright and actor Luigi Groto dies in Venice, having just come from the theatre, where he has played the role of the blind Oedipus Rex.
- John Calvin – The Commentaries... upon the Actes of the Apostles, Faithfully translated out of Latine into English for the great profite of our countrie-men, by Christopher Fetherstone, student in divinitie
- Miguel de Cervantes – La Galatea
See 1585 in poetry
- Thomas Watson – Amyntas (pastoral epic in Latin)
- January 6 – Claude Favre de Vaugelas, French grammarian (died 1650)
- January 31 – Daniel Schwenter, German Orientalist, polymath, poet and librarian (died 1636)
- March 16 – Gerbrand Bredero, Dutch poet and playwright (died 1618)
- June 24 – Johannes Lippius, German Protestant theologian, philosopher, and theorist of music (died 1612)
- October 11 – Johann Heermann, German poet (died 1647)
- December 4 – John Cotton, English-born American theologian and minister (died 1652)
- December 13 – William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (died 1649)
- Elizabeth Cary, Lady Falkland, née Elizabeth Tanfield, English poet, translator and dramatist (died 1639)
- Diego Jiménez de Enciso, Spanish dramatist (died 1634)
- January – Anthony Gilby, English Puritan and Bible translator (born c. 1510)
- February 6 – Edmund Plowden, English lawyer and theorist (born 1518)
- February 13 – Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit Biblical commentator (born 1515)
- March 10 – Rembert Dodoens, Flemish botanist (born 1517)
- June 4 – Muretus, French humanist poet and writer in Latin (born 1526)
- June 20 – Christian Kruik van Adrichem, Dutch Catholic theologian (born 1533)
- July 30 – Christian Schesaus, German humanist poet (born 1535)
- September 1 – Alexander Arbuthnot, Scottish printer (year of birth unknown)
- September 18 – Molanus, Flemish theologian of the Counter Reformation (born 1533)
- December 8 – Piero Vettori, Italian humanist philologist and writer (born 1499)
- December 27 – Pierre de Ronsard, French poet (born 1524)
- Schoenbaum, Samuel (1991). Shakespeare's Lives. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-818618-5.
- Schoenbaum, Samuel (1987). William Shakespeare: A Compact Documentary Life (Revised ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505161-0.
- Patricia Demers (1 January 2005). Women's Writing in English: Early Modern England. University of Toronto Press. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-8020-8664-8.
- Charles Henry Cooper; Thompson Cooper (1858). Athenae Cantabrigienses: 1500-1585. Deighton, Bell. p. 502.
- A General Biographical Dictionary: Comprising a Summary Account of the Most Distinguished Persons of All Ages, Nations, and Professions, Including More Than One Thousand Articles of American Biography ... A.V. Blake. 1845. pp. 672–.
- A. C. De Schrevel, "Lucas, François, dit Lucas Brugensis", Biographie Nationale de Belgique, vol. 12 (Brussels, 1893), 550-563.