15th Infantry Division (India)

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15th Indian Division
Active7 May 1916 – March 1919; 1964 - onwards
Country British India
India
Branch British Indian Army
TypeInfantry
SizeDivision
EngagementsWorld War I
Mesopotamian Campaign
Capture of Ramadi
Action of Khan Baghdadi
Commanders
Notable
commanders
H.T. Brooking

The 15th Indian Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army that saw active service in the First World War. It served in the Mesopotamian Campaign on the Euphrates Front throughout its existence. It did not serve in the Second World War,[1] but was reformed at Dehradun in 1964 as part of the post-independence Indian Army

History[edit]

The 2nd Battalion, 6th Gurkha Rifles of 42nd Indian Brigade march towards the Action of Khan Baghdadi

The division was formed on 7 May 1916 to replace the 12th Indian Division on the Euphrates Front. It remained on the Euphrates Front until the end of the war. It took part in the Action of As Sahilan (11 September 1916), the Capture of Ramadi (28 and 29 September 1917), the Occupation of Hīt (9 March 1918) and the Action of Khan Baghdadi (26 and 27 March 1918).[2] The division was not attached to either of the army corps operating in Mesopotamia, the I Corps and III Corps.[citation needed]

The division was commanded from formation on 7 May 1916 by Brigadier-General H.T. Brooking. Brooking was promoted to Major-General on 5 June 1916.[3]

At the end of the war, the division was rapidly run down and it was disbanded in March 1919.[2]

The division was re-raised on 1 October 1964 at Clement Town, Dehradun and assigned to XI Corps (India).[4] In the 1965 war it was under XI Corps, Western Command, and had 20 Locating Regiment under its command. In 1971, it had the 66th Armoured Regiment (India) under command as its integral armoured unit.

The divisional headquarters is now at Amritsar.

Order of battle, First World War[edit]

The division commanded the following units, although not all of them served at the same time:[5]

12th Indian Brigade[edit]

34th Indian Brigade[edit]

Joined the division on formation and left for the 17th Indian Division in August 1917

42nd Indian Brigade[edit]

50th Indian Brigade[edit]

Joined from the 17th Indian Division in September 1917

Divisional Artillery[edit]

Engineers and Pioneers[edit]

Divisional troops[edit]

  • 275th Machine Gun Company
  • 3rd, 19th, 23rd, 24th, 34th, 105th and 108th Combined Field Ambulances, RAMC
  • No. 16 (renumbered No. 6) Mobile Veterinary Section, AVC
  • 15th Division Train, ASC

Battles and engagements[edit]

The division was involved in the following actions:[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ VII Mountain Brigade, Indian Mountain Artillery joined in May 1916 and left in April 1917.[6]
  2. ^ CCXXII Brigade, Royal Field Artillery joined in October 1916. It was originally the III Home Counties Brigade of the Home Counties Division, Territorial Force, plus the 375th and 77th (H) Batteries. 429th (H) Battery replaced 77th (H) Battery in October 1918.[6]
  3. ^ CCXV Brigade, Royal Field Artillery joined in October 1917 from 3rd (Lahore) Division. It was originally the I Wessex Brigade of the Wessex Division, Territorial Force, plus the 816th and 524th (H) Batteries. 816th Battery was originally 2/1st Nottinghamshire Royal Horse Artillery.[6]
  4. ^ The Volunteer Battery left in April 1918 for 17th Indian Division.[6]
  5. ^ M, N and O Light Trench Mortar Batteries joined in September 1917 and were assigned to the infantry brigades in February 1918.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kempton 2003a, i
  2. ^ a b c Perry 1993, p. 136
  3. ^ Perry 1993, p. 131
  4. ^ Richard A. Renaldi and Ravi Rikhye, 'Indian Army Order of Battle,' Orbat.com for Tiger Lily Books: A division of General Data LLC, ISBN 978-0-9820541-7-8, 2011, 103-4.
  5. ^ Perry 1993, p. 134
  6. ^ a b c d e Perry 1993, p. 135

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kempton, Chris (2003a). 'Loyalty & Honour', The Indian Army September 1939 – August 1947. Part I Divisions. Milton Keynes: The Military Press. ISBN 0-85420-228-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Moberly, F.J. (1923). Official History of the War: Mesopotamia Campaign. London: Imperial War Museum. ISBN 1-870423-30-5.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Perry, F.W. (1993). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 5B. Indian Army Divisions. Newport: Ray Westlake Military Books. ISBN 1-871167-23-X.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links[edit]