1796 and 1797 United States Senate elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
1796 and 1797 United States Senate elections

← 1794/95 Dates vary by state 1798/99 →

11 of the 32 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
17 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Federalist Democratic-Republican
Seats before 19 12
Seats after 20 10
Seat change Increase 1 Decrease 2
Seats up 8 3
Races won 9 1

Majority party before election

Federalist

Elected Majority party

Federalist

The United States Senate elections of 1796 and 1797 were elections for the United States Senate which, coinciding with John Adams's election as President, had the ruling Federalist Party gain one seat.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results summary[edit]

Senate Party Division, 5th Congress (1797–1799)

  • Majority Party: Federalist (22)
  • Minority Party: Democratic-Republican (9)
  • Vacant: 1 (later filled by Democratic-Republican)
  • Total Seats: 32

Change in composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

After the August 2, 1796 admission of Tennessee.

DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR7 DR8 DR9
Va.
Unknown
DR10
Tenn.
Ran
DR11
N.Y.
Ran
V2 V1 F19
Vt.
Resigned
F18
Mass.
Resigned
F17
R.I.
Ran
Majority →
F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12
Conn.
Ran
F13
Del.
Ran
F14
Md.
Ran
F15
N.J.
Ran
F16
Pa.
Ran
F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Results of the general elections[edit]

DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR7 DR8 DR9
Va.
Re-elected
V2
Tenn.
DR Loss
V2 V1 F20
N.Y.
Gain
F19
Vt.
Hold
F18
Mass.
Hold
F17
R.I.
Re-elected
Majority →
F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12
Conn.
Re-elected
F13
Del.
Re-elected
F14
Md.
Re-elected
F15
N.J.
Re-elected
F16
Pa.
Re-elected
F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican
F# Federalist
V# Vacant

Race summaries[edit]

Except if/when noted, the number following candidates is the whole number vote(s), not a percentage.

Special elections during the 4th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winner was seated before March 4, 1797; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Georgia
(Class 3)
George Walton Federalist 1795 (Appointed) Appointee retired when successor elected.
New senator elected February 20, 1796.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Connecticut
(Class 1)
Oliver Ellsworth Federalist 1788
1791
Incumbent resigned to become Chief Justice of the United States.
New senator elected May 12, 1796.
Federalist hold.
Massachusetts
(Class 1)
George Cabot Federalist 1790 Incumbent resigned June 9, 1796.
New senator elected June 11, 1796 on the second ballot.
Federalist hold.
Massachusetts
(Class 2)
Caleb Strong Federalist 1788
1793
Incumbent resigned June 1, 1796.
New senator elected June 11, 1796 on the second ballot.
Federalist hold.
Connecticut
(Class 3)
Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. Federalist 1794 or 1795 Incumbent resigned June 10, 1796 to become Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut.
New senator elected October 13, 1796.
Federalist hold.
Vermont
(Class 1)
Moses Robinson Federalist 1791 (New state) Incumbent resigned October 15, 1796.
New senator elected October 18, 1796.
Federalist hold.
New York
(Class 3)
Rufus King Federalist 1789
1795
Incumbent resigned May 23, 1796 to become U.S. Minister to Great Britain.
New senator elected November 9, 1796.
Federalist hold.
Maryland
(Class 1)
Richard Potts Federalist 1793 (Special) Incumbent resigned October 24, 1796.
New senator elected November 28, 1796.
Federalist hold.
South Carolina
(Class 2)
Pierce Butler Democratic-Republican 1789
1793
Incumbent resigned October 25, 1796.
New senator elected December 8, 1796.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New Jersey
(Class 2)
Frederick Frelinghuysen Federalist 1792 or 1793 Incumbent resigned November 12, 1796.
New senator elected November 12, 1796.
Federalist hold.

Races leading to the 5th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1797; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut James Hillhouse Federalist 1796 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1797.
Delaware Henry Latimer Federalist 1795 (Special) Incumbent re-elected January 6, 1797.
Maryland John Eager Howard Federalist 1796 (Special) Incumbent re-elected December 9, 1796.
Massachusetts George Cabot Federalist 1790 Incumbent resigned June 9, 1796.
New senator elected June 11, 1796 on the third ballot.
Federalist hold.
Winner also elected to finish the current term, see above.
New Jersey John Rutherfurd Federalist 1790 Incumbent re-elected in 1796.
New York Aaron Burr Democratic-Republican 1791 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected January 24, 1797.
Federalist gain.
Pennsylvania James Ross Federalist 1794 (Special) Incumbent re-elected February 16, 1797.
Rhode Island Theodore Foster Federalist 1790
1791
Incumbent re-elected in 1797.
Tennessee William Cocke Democratic-Republican 1796 Legislature failed to elect.
Democratic-Republican loss.
Incumbent later appointed to continue term.[11]
None
Vermont Moses Robinson Federalist 1791 (New state) Incumbent resigned October 15, 1796.
New senator elected October 18, 1796.
Federalist hold.
Winner also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Virginia Stevens Mason Democratic-Republican 1794 (Special) Incumbent re-elected November 29, 1796.

Special elections during the 5th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated after March 4, 1797, the beginning of the next Congress.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Tennessee
(Class 1)
William Cocke Democratic-Republican 1796
1797 (Appointed)
Interim appointee lost re-election.
New senator elected September 26, 1797.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Tennessee
(Class 2)
William Blount Democratic-Republican 1796 Incumbent expelled July 8, 1797.[14]
New senator elected September 26, 1797.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Vermont
(Class 1)
Isaac Tichenor Federalist 1796 (Special) Incumbent resigned October 17, 1797 to become Governor of Vermont.
New senator elected October 17, 1797.
Federalist hold.
Rhode Island
(Class 2)
William Bradford Federalist 1793 Incumbent resigned in October 1797.
New senator elected November 13, 1797.
Federalist hold.
Maryland
(Class 3)
John Henry Federalist 1788
1795
Incumbent resigned July 10, 1797 to become Governor of Maryland.
New senator elected December 8, 1797.
Federalist hold.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Massachusetts 1796 U.S. Senate, Special, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing The Hampshire and Berkshire Chronicle (Springfield, MA). June 21, 1796.
  2. ^ "Massachusetts 1796 U.S. Senate, Special, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing Political Gazette (Newburyport, MA). June 16, 1796.
  3. ^ "New York 1796 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing Journal of the New York Assembly, 1796. 18. Journal of the New York State Senate, 1796. 12.
  4. ^ "Maryland 1796 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing Charles Carroll to James McHenry. Nov. 28, 1796. Reel 2, Item 990. Charles Carroll Papers. Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore.
  5. ^ "South Carolina 1796 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing Aurora. General Advertiser (Philadelphia, PA). December 30, 1796.
  6. ^ "New Jersey 1796 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing The Albany Gazette (Albany, NY). November 21, 1796.
  7. ^ "Delaware 1797 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing Journal of the Delaware State Senate, 1797. 18.
  8. ^ "Massachusetts 1796 U.S. Senate, Ballot 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing Hampshire and Berkshire Chronicle (Springfield, MA). June 21, 1796.
  9. ^ "New York 1797 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing Journal of the New York Assembly, 1797. 68. Journal of the New York State Senate, 1797. 43-44.
  10. ^ "Pennsylvania 1797 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing The New World (Philadelphia, PA). February 17, 1797.
  11. ^ United States Congress. "William Cocke (id: C000572)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  12. ^ "Virginia 1796 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing The Virginia Argus (Richmond, VA). December 2, 1796.
  13. ^ a b "Tennessee 1797 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 30, 2018., citing Commercial Advertiser (New York, NY). November 11, 1797.
  14. ^ United States Congress. "William Blount (id: B000570)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  15. ^ "Maryland 1797 U.S. Senate, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing Aurora. General Advertiser (Philadelphia, PA). December 13, 1797.