1844 and 1845 United States House of Representatives elections
All 227[b][c]seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
115 seats needed for a majority
All 227 elected members[c] took their seats when Congress convened December 1, 1845. The House elections spanned the 1844 Presidential election, won by dark horse Democratic candidate James K. Polk, who advocated territorial expansion. The new states of Texas and Iowa were added during this Congress, with Florida admitted on the last day of the previous Congress.
Democrats lost six seats but retained a large majority over the rival Whigs. The new American Party, based on the nativist "Know Nothing" movement characterized by opposition to immigration and anti-Catholicism, gained six seats.
|Louisiana||District||July 1–3, 1844||4||3||1||0||1||1|
|Illinois||District||August 5, 1844||7||6||0||1|
|Missouri||At-large||August 5, 1844||5||5||0||0|
|Georgia||District[f]||August 7, 1844||8||4||4||0||4||4|
|Vermont||District||September 3, 1844||4||1||0||3|
|Maine||District||September 9, 1844||7||6||1||0||1||1|
|Arkansas||At-large||October 8, 1844||1||1||0||0|
|Ohio||District||October 8, 1844||21||13||1||0||8||1|
|Pennsylvania||District||October 8, 1844||24||12||2||2||10||2|
|New Jersey||District||October 9, 1844||5||1||3||0||4||3|
|South Carolina||District||October 14–15, 1844||7||7||0||0|
|Michigan||District||November 5, 1844||3||3||0||0|
|Massachusetts||District||November 11, 1844||10||0||2||0||10||2|
|New York||District||November 11, 1844||34||21||3||4||4||9||1|
|Delaware||At-large||November 12, 1844||1||0||0||1|
|Late electionsfter the March 4, 1845 beginning of term|
|New Hampshire||At-large||March 11, 1845||4[c]||3||1||0||0|
|Rhode Island||District||April 2, 1845||2||0||0||2||2[g]|
|Connecticut||District||April 7, 1845||4||0||4||0||4||4|
|Virginia||District||April 24, 1845||15||14||2||0||1||2|
|Florida[h]||At-large||May 26, 1845||1||1||1||0||0|
|Alabama||District||August 4, 1845||7||6||0||1|
|Indiana||District||August 4, 1845||10||8||0||2|
|Kentucky||District||August 4, 1845||10||3||1||0||7||2|
|North Carolina||District||August 7, 1845||9||6||1||0||3||1|
|Tennessee||District||August 7, 1845||11||6||0||5|
|Maryland||District||October 1, 1845||6||4||4||0||2||4|
|Mississippi||At-large||November 3–4, 1845||4||4||0||0|
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2020)
|Florida at-large||None (New state)||New seat.
New member elected late on May 26, 1845.
Winner did not serve, having also been elected U.S. senator.
Late elections to the 28th Congress
Maryland elected its members to the 28th Congress in February 14, 1844, after that Congress had already convened in 1843 and long after the 1842–1843 election cycle.
|Maryland 1||Isaac D. Jones||Whig||1841||Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
New member elected.
Regular elections to the 29th Congress
Maryland's October 1, 1845 elections were after the March 4, 1845 beginning of the new term, but still before the Congress convened in December 1845.
|Maryland 1||John Causin||Whig||1844||Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
New member elected.
- 1844 United States elections
- 28th United States Congress
- 29th United States Congress
- Excludes states admitted during the 29th Congress
- Includes late elections
- There was one vacancy in New Hampshire's delegation, unfilled for the duration of the 29th Congress.
- Includes one Independent and one Independent Whig.
- There were 6 Know Nothings.
- Changed from at-large
- Previous election had 2 members of the short-lived Law and Order Party
- New State
- Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701.
- Moore, John L., ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Third ed.). Congressional Quarterly Inc. ISBN 978-0871879967.
- "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, House of United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Office of the Historian (Office of Art & Archives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives)