1848 Whig National Convention
|1848 presidential election|
Taylor and Fillmore
|Date(s)||June 7, 1848|
|Presidential nominee||Zachary Taylor of Louisiana|
|Vice Presidential nominee||Millard Fillmore of New York|
|Votes needed for nomination||140|
|Results (President)||Taylor (LA): 171 (61.07%)|
Scott (NY): 63 (22.5%)
Clay (KY): 32 (11.43%)
Webster (MA): 14 (5%)
The 1848 Whig National Convention was a presidential nominating convention held on June 7 in Philadelphia. It nominated the Whig Party's candidates for president and vice president in the 1848 election. The convention selected General Zachary Taylor of Louisiana for president and former Congressman Millard Fillmore of New York for vice president.
Taylor and General Winfield Scott had both emerged as contenders for the Whig presidential nomination after serving in the Mexican–American War, while two long-time party leaders, Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky and Senator Daniel Webster of Massachusetts, also commanded support in the party. With Southern delegates united around his candidacy, Taylor took the lead on the first ballot. Clay finished a strong second to Taylor on the first ballot of the convention, but his support faded on subsequent ballots and Taylor took the nomination on the fourth ballot.
After Webster declined the vice presidential nomination, Fillmore and businessman Abbott Lawrence of Massachusetts emerged as the top choices for vice president. Fillmore clinched the nomination on the second ballot. The Whig ticket went on to win the 1848 presidential election, defeating the Democratic ticket of Lewis Cass and William Orlando Butler.
The convention was quick, convening for only a day on June 7. Taylor had been courted by both the Democrats and the Whigs. Taylor ultimately declared himself a Whig.
By 1847, General Zachary Taylor had emerged as a contender for the Whig nomination in the 1848 presidential election. Despite Taylor's largely unknown political views, many Whigs believed he was the party's strongest possible candidate due to his martial accomplishments in the Mexican–American War. Henry Clay initially told his allies that he would not run in the 1848 presidential election, but he was unwilling to support Taylor, a "mere military man.". Although Daniel Webster and General Winfield Scott each commanded a limited base of support in the party, Taylor and Clay each saw the other as their lone serious rival for the Whig nomination.
Taylor led on the first ballot and grew his lead on subsequent ballots. On the fourth ballot, he secured 171 votes and won the presidential nomination.
|Convention Presidential vote|
|Name||Zachary Taylor||Henry Clay||Winfield Scott||Daniel Webster||John Middleton Clayton||John McLean||Not Voting|
|4th ballot||171 (58.97%)||32 (11.03%)||63 (21.72%)||14 (4.83%)||0 (0%)||0 (0%)||10 (3.45%)|
|Margin||0 (0.00%)||-139 (-47.94%)||-108 (-37.25%)||-157 (-54.14%)||-171 (-58.97%)||-171 (-58.97%)|
Vice Presidential nomination
Vice Presidential candidates
Webster was offered the vice presidential spot on the ticket, but declined. Former New York Representative Millard Fillmore was chosen as the vice presidential candidate on the second ballot.
|Thomas M.T. McKennan||13||0|
|John M. Clayton||3||3|
|Thomas Ewing, Sr.||1||0|
|Thomas B. King||1||0|
- U.S. presidential nomination convention
- 1848 United States presidential election
- 1848 Democratic National Convention
- Heidler, David S.; Heidler, Jeanne T. (2010). Henry Clay: The Essential American. Random House. ISBN 978-1-58836-995-6.
- Holt, Michael F. (1999). The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505544-6.
- Klotter, James C. (2018). Henry Clay: The Man Who Would Be President. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190498047.
- <http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=58512> Accessed: June 11, 2016