1888 Dutch general election

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1888 Dutch general election
Netherlands
← 1887 6 March 1888 1891 →
Turnout81.7%
Party Leader % Seats ±
LU Hendrik Goeman Borgesius 40.7% 46 -2
ARP Abraham Kuyper 31.4% 27 +8
Catholic N/A 20.7% 25 +6
Conservative N/A 4.4% 1 +1
SDB Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis 0.9% 1 +1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Jan Heemskerk Azn (1818-1897), after Heinrich Wilhelm Wollrabe.jpg Jan Heemskerk
Conservative
Aeneas Mackay Jr.
ARP
AeneasMackay.jpg
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

General elections were held in the Netherlands on 6 March 1888.[1] The Liberal Union emerged as the largest party, winning 46 of the 100 seats in the House of Representatives.[2]

Background[edit]

This was the first election held after the constitutional revision of 1887, achieved by Minister of the Interior Jan Heemskerk, which had several effects on the parliamentary system. Firstly, this revision fixed the number of seats in the House of Representatives at 100. Secondly, it abolished multi-seat electoral districts except in large cities in favour of single-seat districts, thus allowing for better representation of geographically concentrated political minorities. Thirdly, the revision ensured all members of the House of Representatives would be elected simultaneously every four years, replacing the previous system of staggered elections. Finally, the change greatly extended suffrage and allowed for gradual further extension by law.[3]

The election was won by the confessional parties, leading to the first Coalition government, combining Anti-Revolutionaries and Catholics, led by Æneas, Baron Mackay,[4] thus heralding a period of Antithesis as championed by Abraham Kuyper, in which government alternated between secular liberals on the left and confessional Anti-Revolutionaries and Catholics on the right.[5] The election also saw the first socialist elected into the House of Representatives, with Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis, leader of the Social Democratic League, being elected in a rural Frisian district.[6]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Liberal Union 96,157 40.7 46 –2
Anti-Revolutionary Party 74,048 31.4 27 +8
Catholic Party 48,922 20.7 25 +6
Radicals 4,686 2.0 0 0
Social Democratic League 2,020 0.9 1 +1
Conservatives 10,335 4.4 1 +1
Invalid/blank votes 2,617
Total 238,785 100 100 +14
Registered voters/turnout 292,339 81.7
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

By district[edit]

 Social Democratic    Liberal    Conservative    Anti-Revolutionary    Catholic  

District results for the Dutch general election, 1888[7]
District Winner Ref.
Alkmaar Willem van der Kaay [8]
Almelo Willem Cremers [9]
Amersfoort Jan Schimmelpenninck van der Oye [10]
Amsterdam Jacob Theodoor Cremer [11]
Adriaan Gildemeester [12]
Johan George Gleichman [13]
Abraham Hartogh [14]
Bernardus Hermanus Heldt [15]
Arnold Kerdijk [16]
Jan Rutgers van Rozenburg [17]
Johannes Tak van Poortvliet [18]
Willem Hendrik de Beaufort [19]
Apeldoorn Frederik van Bylandt [20]
Appingedam Jan Schepel [21]
Arnhem Willem Rooseboom [22]
Assen Warmold Albertinus van der Feltz [23]
Bergen op Zoom Lambert de Ram [24]
Bergum Okke Tietes Bosgra [25]
Beverwijk Jacob Boreel van Hogelanden [26]
Bodegraven Simon van Velzen [27]
Breda Louis Michiels van Verduynen [28]
Breukelen Willem Jan Roijaards van den Ham [29]
Brielle Gerardus Jacobus Goekoop [30]
Delft Jan Christiaan Fabius [31]
Den Bosch Pierre Guillaume Jean van der Schrieck [32]
Den Haag Lodewijk Gerard Greeve [33]
Lodewijk van Kempen [34]
Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck [35]
Den Helder Simon Taco Land [36]
Deventer Albertus van Delden [37]
Doetinchem Jean Gustave Stanislas Bevers [38]
Dokkum Ulrich Herman Huber [39]
Dordrecht Johannes Barendinus van Osenbruggen [40]
Druten Frederic Reekers [41]
Ede Levinus Keuchenius [42]
Eindhoven Antonius van Baar [43]
Elst Godert Willem van Dedem [44]
Emmen Hendrik Jan Smidt [45]
Enkhuizen Dirk Visser van Hazerswoude [46]
Enschede Willem Jacob Geertsema [47]
Franeker Franciscus Lieftinck [48]
Goes Alexander de Savornin Lohman [49]
Gorinchem Hendrik Seret [50]
Gouda Karel Antonie Godin de Beaufort [51]
Grave Jan Harte van Tecklenburg [52]
Groningen Samuel van Houten [53]
Jacob Dirk Veegens [54]
Gulpen Leonard Ruland [55]
Haarlem Antonie Farncombe Sanders [56]
Haarlemmermeer Frederic Reekers [57]
Harlingen Walle Melis Oppedijk [58]
Helmond Petrus Vermeulen [59]
Hilversum Theodoor Philip Mackay [60]
Hontenisse Felix Walter [61]
Hoorn Willem Karel van Dedem [62]
Kampen Titus van Asch van Wijck [63]
Katwijk Johannes Hendricus Donner [64]
Leeuwarden Johannis Zaaijer [65]
Leiden Hendrik Johannes Bool [66]
Lochem Alex Schimmelpenninck van der Oye [67]
Loosduinen Arnoldus van Berckel [59]
Maastricht Gustave Ruijs van Beerenbroek [68]
Meppel Harm Smeenge [69]
Middelburg Christiaan Lucasse [70]
Nijmegen Anthonie Ernst Reuther [71]
Ommen Jan van Alphen [72]
Oostburg Nicolaas Glinderman [73]
Oosterhout Theodorus Borret [74]
Rheden Maximilien Kolkman [75]
Ridderkerk Theo Heemskerk [76]
Roermond Hubert Joachim Brouwers [77]
Rotterdam Henry David Levyssohn Norman [78]
Rudolf Pieter Mees [79]
George Hermann Hintzen [80]
Herman Cornelis Verniers van der Loeff [81]
Willem Adriaan Viruly Verbrugge [82]
Schiedam Jacob Gerard Patijn [83]
Schoterland Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis [6]
Sittard Jerôme Lambrechts [84]
Sliedrecht Barthold de Geer van Jutphaas [85]
Sneek Willem Gerard Brantsen van de Zijp [86]
Steenwijk Gerard Beelaerts van Blokland [87]
Tiel Herman Jacob Dijckmeester [88]
Tilburg Bernardus Marie Bahlmann [89]
Utrecht Joan Röell [90]
August Seyffardt [91]
Veendam Hendrik Goeman Borgesius [92]
Veghel Bernardus van Vlijmen [93]
Venlo Leopold Haffmans [94]
Waalwijk Antonius Franciscus Vos de Wael [95]
Weert Jean Clercx [96]
Wijk bij Duurstede Herman Schaepman [97]
Winschoten Derk de Ruiter Zijlker [98]
Wolvega Ruurd Klazer Okma [99]
Zaandam Willem de Meijier [56]
Zevenbergen Joannes van Nunen [100]
Zierikzee Jacob Johan van Kerkwijk [101]
Zuidhorn Eppo Cremers [102]
Zutphen Derck Engelberts [103]
Zwolle Alexander van Dedem [104]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1395 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1412
  3. ^ "Grondwetsherzieningen 1815 - heden". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Kabinet-Mackay (1888-1891)". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  5. ^ "Periode 1888-1918: Antithese". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  6. ^ a b "F. Domela Nieuwenhuis". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  7. ^ "Verkiezingsuitslagen Tweede Kamer 1848 - 1917" (in Dutch).
  8. ^ "Mr. W. van der Kaay". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  9. ^ "Mr. W.C.J.J. Cremers". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  10. ^ "J.E.N. baron Schimmelpenninck van der Oye". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  11. ^ "J.Th. Cremer". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  12. ^ "A. Gildemeester". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Mr. J.G. Gleichman". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Mr. A.F.K. Hartogh". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  15. ^ "B.H. Heldt". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Mr. A. (Nol) Kerdijk". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Jhr.Mr. J.W.H. Rutgers van Rozenburg". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Mr. J.P.R. Tak van Poortvliet". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Mr. W.H. de Beaufort". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Mr. W.K.F.P. (Frederik) graaf van Bylandt". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  21. ^ "J. Schepel". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  22. ^ "W. Rooseboom". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  23. ^ "W.A. baron van der Feltz". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  24. ^ "L.D.J.L. (Lambert) de Ram". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  25. ^ "O.T. Bosgra". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  26. ^ "Jhr.Mr. J.W.G. Boreel van Hogelanden". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  27. ^ "S. van Velzen jr". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  28. ^ "Mr. L.P.M.H. baron Michiels van Verduynen". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  29. ^ "Mr. W.J. Roijaards van den Ham". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  30. ^ "Mr. G.J. Goekoop". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  31. ^ "J.Ch. Fabius". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  32. ^ "P.G.J. van der Schrieck". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  33. ^ "Mr. L.G. Greeve". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  34. ^ "L.J.S. van Kempen". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  35. ^ "Mr. R.J. graaf Schimmelpenninck van Nijenhuis". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  36. ^ "S.T. Land". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  37. ^ "Mr. A. van Delden". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  38. ^ "Mr. J.G.S. Bevers". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  39. ^ "Mr. U.H. Huber". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  40. ^ "Mr. J.B. van Osenbruggen". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  41. ^ "Mr. F.J.M.A. Reekers". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  42. ^ "Mr. L.W.Ch. Keuchenius". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  43. ^ "Mr. A.J.H. van Baar". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  44. ^ "Mr. G.W. baron van Dedem". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  45. ^ "Mr. H.J. Smidt". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  46. ^ "Mr. D. Visser van Hazerswoude". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  47. ^ "W.J. Geertsema". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  48. ^ "F. Lieftinck". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  49. ^ "Jhr.Mr. A.F. de Savornin Lohman". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  50. ^ "H. Seret". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  51. ^ "Jhr.Mr. K.A. Godin de Beaufort". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  52. ^ "Mr. J.J.I. (Jan) Harte van Tecklenburg". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  53. ^ "Mr. S. (Sam) van Houten". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  54. ^ "Mr. J.D. Veegens". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  55. ^ "L.F.H.C. Ruland". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  56. ^ a b "W. de Meijier". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  57. ^ "Mr. F.J.M.A. Reekers". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  58. ^ "W.M. Oppedijk". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  59. ^ a b "Dr. P.J.F. Vermeulen". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  60. ^ "Mr. Th.Ph. baron Mackay". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  61. ^ "Mr. F.J.F.M. (Felix) Walter". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  62. ^ "Mr. W.K. baron van Dedem". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  63. ^ "Jhr.Mr. T.A.J. (Titus) van Asch van Wijck". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  64. ^ "J.H. Donner". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  65. ^ "Dr. J. Zaaijer Azn". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  66. ^ "H.J. Bool". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  67. ^ "A. (Alex) baron Schimmelpenninck van der Oye". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  68. ^ "Jhr.Mr. G.L.M.H. (Gustave) Ruijs van Beerenbroek". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  69. ^ "Mr. H. (Harm) Smeenge". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  70. ^ "Mr. Ch. Lucasse". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  71. ^ "A.E. Reuther". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  72. ^ "J. (Jan) van Alphen". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  73. ^ "N. Glinderman". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  74. ^ "Mr. Th.L.M.H. Borret". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  75. ^ "Mr. M.J.C.M. Kolkman". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  76. ^ "Mr. Th. (Theo) Heemskerk". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  77. ^ "Mr. H.J. Brouwers". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  78. ^ "Mr. H.D. Levyssohn Norman". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
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  81. ^ "Mr. H.C. Verniers van der Loeff". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  82. ^ "W.A. Viruly Verbrugge". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  83. ^ "Mr. J.G. Patijn". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  84. ^ "Mr. H.F. (Jérôme) Lambrechts". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  85. ^ "Dr.Mr. B.J. Lintelo baron de Geer van Jutphaas". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  86. ^ "Mr. W.G. baron Brantsen van de Zijp". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  87. ^ "Jhr.Mr. G.J.Th. Beelaerts van Blokland". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  88. ^ "Mr. H.J. Dijckmeester". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  89. ^ "Mr. B.M. Bahlmann". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  90. ^ "Jhr.Mr. J. Röell". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  91. ^ "A.L.W. Seyffardt". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  92. ^ "Mr.Dr. H. (Hendrik) Goeman Borgesius". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  93. ^ "B.R.F. van Vlijmen". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  94. ^ "Mr. J.H.L. (Leopold) Haffmans". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  95. ^ "Mr. A.F. Vos de Wael". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  96. ^ "Mr. J.M.L.H. Clercx". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  97. ^ "Dr. H.J.A.M. (Herman) Schaepman". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  98. ^ "Mr. D. de Ruiter Zijlker". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  99. ^ "R.K. Okma". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  100. ^ "J.P.Th. van Nunen". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  101. ^ "J.J. van Kerkwijk". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  102. ^ "Mr. E.J.J.B. (Eppo) Cremers". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  103. ^ "Mr. D. Engelberts". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  104. ^ "A. baron van Dedem". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 September 2017.