1955 in science

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List of years in science (table)

The year 1955 in science and technology included many events, some of which are listed below.

Astronomy[edit]

Biochemistry[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Climatology[edit]

  • August 9 – Gilbert Plass submits his seminal article "The Carbon Dioxide Theory of Climate Change".[9]

Computer science[edit]

Earth sciences[edit]

History of science and technology[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Physics[edit]

Technology[edit]

Zoology[edit]

Events[edit]

Publications[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoyle, F.; Schwarzschild, M. (1955). "On the Evolution of Type II Stars". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 2: 1–40. Bibcode:1955ApJS....2....1H. doi:10.1086/190015.
  2. ^ Burbidge, E. Margaret (1999). "Hoyle & Schwarzschild's Analysis of the Evolution of Population II Stars". The Astrophysical Journal. 525C: 639. Bibcode:1999ApJ...525C.639B.
  3. ^ "1955". Houghton Mifflin Guide to Science & Technology.
  4. ^ Franklin, Rosalind E. (1955). "Structure of Tobacco Mosaic Virus". Nature. 175 (4452): 379–381. Bibcode:1955Natur.175..379F. doi:10.1038/175379a0. PMID 14356181.
  5. ^ Tjio, J.-H.; Levan, A. (1956). "The chromosome number of man". Hereditas. 42 (1–2): 1–6. doi:10.1111/j.1601-5223.1956.tb03010.x.
  6. ^ Harper, Peter S. (2006). "The discovery of the human chromosome number in Lund, 1955–1956". Human Genetics. 119 (1–2): 226–232. doi:10.1007/s00439-005-0121-x. PMID 16463025. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
  7. ^ Ghiorso, A.; Harvey, B.; Choppin, G.; Thompson, S.; Seaborg, G. (1955). "New Element Mendelevium, Atomic Number 101". Physical Review. 98 (5): 1518–19. Bibcode:1955PhRv...98.1518G. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.98.1518.
  8. ^ Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot; Pickworth, Jenny; Robertson, John H.; Trueblood, Kenneth N.; Prosen, Richard J.; White, John G. (1955). "Structure of Vitamin B12: The Crystal Structure of the Hexacarboxylic Acid derived from B12 and the Molecular Structure of the Vitamin". Nature. 176 (4477): 325–8. Bibcode:1955Natur.176..325H. doi:10.1038/176325a0. PMID 13253565.
  9. ^ Plass, Gilbert N. (May 1956). "The Carbon Dioxide Theory of Climate Change". Tellus. 8 (2): 140–54. Bibcode:1956TellA...8..140P. doi:10.1111/j.2153-3490.1956.tb01206.x.
  10. ^ Weik, Martin H. (1961). "The ENIAC Story". Ftp.arl.mil. Archived from the original on 2011-08-14. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
  11. ^ Spira, Jonathan B. (2011). Overload! How Too Much Information is Hazardous to your Organization. Wiley. p. 51. ISBN 978-1118064177. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  12. ^ Reilly, Edwin D. (2013). Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology. Greenwood. p. 274. ISBN 978-1573565219. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  13. ^ In Electrical Engineering.[citation needed]
  14. ^ Patterson, C. (1956). "Age of meteorites and the Earth". Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 10 (4): 230–237. Bibcode:1956GeCoA..10..230P. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(56)90036-9.
  15. ^ a b Winston, Robert, ed. (2013). "1955". Science Year by Year. London: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 978-1-4093-1613-8.
  16. ^ Rix, Michael (October 1955). "Industrial Archaeology". The Amateur Historian. 2 (8): 225–9.
  17. ^ Brauer, R.; Fowler, K. A. (1955). "On groups of even order". Annals of Mathematics. 2nd series. 62 (3): 565–583. doi:10.2307/1970080. ISSN 0003-486X. JSTOR 1970080. MR 0074414.
  18. ^ Chevalley, Claude (1955). "Sur certains groupes simples". Tohoku Mathematical Journal. 2nd series. 7 (1–2): 14–66. doi:10.2748/tmj/1178245104. ISSN 0040-8735. MR 0073602.
  19. ^ Gilbert, E. (1955), Theory of shuffling, Technical memorandum, Bell Labs.
  20. ^ Roth, K. F. (1955). "Rational approximations to algebraic numbers". Mathematika. 2: 1–20, 168. doi:10.1112/S0025579300000644. ISSN 0025-5793. MR 0072182.
  21. ^ Taniyama, Yutaka (1956), "Problem 12", Sugaku (in Japanese), 7: 269
  22. ^ Franklin D. Roosevelt is one of the most famous polio victims.) By the early 1950s, polio epidemics had been increasing in severity ... history1900s.about.com
  23. ^ Beecher, Henry K. (1955). "The Powerful Placebo". Journal of the American Medical Association. 159 (17): 1602–1606. doi:10.1001/jama.1955.02960340022006. PMID 13271123.
  24. ^ Acheson, E. D. (1959). "The clinical syndrome variously called benign myalgic encephalomyelitis, Iceland disease and epidemic neurоmyasthaenia" (PDF). The American Journal of Medicine. 26 (4): 569–95. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.534.4761. doi:10.1016/0002-9343(59)90280-3. PMID 13637100. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
  25. ^ Hopkins, H. H.; Kapany, N. S. (1955). "Transparent fibres for the transmission of optical images". Optica Acta. 1 (4): 164–170. Bibcode:1955AcOpt...1..164H. doi:10.1080/713818685.
  26. ^ Rotblat, Joseph (March 1955). "The Hydrogen-Uranium Bomb". Atomic Scientists Journal. 4: 224.
  27. ^ "Early-Warning Radars (part 3)". Lincoln Laboratory. Archived from the original on 2013-03-12. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
  28. ^ "Science Places Liverpool". 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
  29. ^ "Strömsund Bridge (1955)". Structurae. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
  30. ^ Essen, L.; Parry, J. V. L. (13 August 1955). "An Atomic Standard of Frequency and Time Interval: A Cæsium Resonator". Nature. 176 (4476): 280–2. Bibcode:1955Natur.176..280E. doi:10.1038/176280a0.
  31. ^ Stephens, Thomas (2007-01-04). "How a Swiss invention hooked the world". swissinfo.ch. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
  32. ^ "Inventor of the TV remote control dies". Chicago Tribune. 2012-05-22. Archived from the original on 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
  33. ^ "TV remote control inventor Eugene Polley dies at 96". BBC News. 2012-05-22. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
  34. ^ Garfield, Eugene (15 July 1955). "Citation indexes for science: a new dimension in documentation through association of ideas" (PDF). Science. 122 (3159): 108–111. Bibcode:1955Sci...122..108G. doi:10.1126/science.122.3159.108. PMID 14385826. Retrieved 2011-07-29.[permanent dead link]