1982 United Nations Security Council election
5 (of 10) non-permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council
|Dominican Republic (GRULAC)|
|New Zealand (WEOG)|
The 1982 United Nations Security Council election was held on 19 October 1982 during the Thirty-seventh session of the United Nations General Assembly, held at United Nations Headquarters in New York City. The General Assembly elected Malta, the Netherlands, Nicaragua, Pakistan, and Zimbabwe, as the five new non-permanent members of the UN Security Council for two-year mandates commencing on 1 January 1983. Both Malta and Zimbabwe were elected members of the Council for the first time.
The Security Council has 15 seats, filled by five permanent members and ten non-permanent members. Each year, half of the non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms. A sitting member may not immediately run for re-election.
In accordance with the rules whereby the ten non-permanent UNSC seats rotate among the various regional blocs into which UN member states traditionally divide themselves for voting and representation purposes, the five available seats are allocated as follows:
- One for African countries (held by Uganda)
- One for countries from the Asian Group (now called the Asia-Pacific Group) (held by Japan)
- One for Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC) (held by Panama)
- Two for the Western European and Others Group (held by Ireland and Spain)
To be elected, a candidate must receive a two-thirds majority of those present and voting. If the vote is inconclusive after the first round, three rounds of restricted voting shall take place, followed by three rounds of unrestricted voting, and so on, until a result has been obtained. In restricted voting, only official candidates may be voted on, while in unrestricted voting, any member of the given regional group, with the exception of current Council members, may be voted on.
Portugal, speaking on behalf of the Western European and Others Group informed the assembly that Malta, the Netherlands, and New Zealand were candidates for the two seats attributed to this group, without endorsing any of them. The Asian Group communicated its endorsement in writing. Prior to the voting, a letter from the Group's chairman endorsing Pakistan was read out by the President of the Assembly. The Latin American and Caribbean, and African Groups did not endorse candidates.
The first round of voting was conducted on a single ballot. Ballots containing more states from a certain region than seats allocated to that region were invalidated.
|People's Republic of the Congo||1|
Following the first round, voting for the two remaining geographic groups was conducted separately. By a drawing of lots, it was decided that the voting on the seat for the Latin American and Caribbean Group would be conducted first.
|Member||Round 2||Round 3|
|Member||Round 2||Round 3|
- List of members of the United Nations Security Council
- New Zealand and the United Nations
- Pakistan and the United Nations
- United Nations Security Council (2008), Repertoire of the practice of the Security Council, p. 178
- Conforti, Benedetto (2005), The law and practice of the United Nations, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, p. 61
- Charter of the United Nations, Article 23
- Resolution 1991 A (XVIII), dated 1963-12-17, in force 1965-08-31.
- "Asian group of nations at UN changes its name to Asia-Pacific group", Radio New Zealand International, 2011-08-31.
- U.N. General Assembly, 37th session. Provisional Verbatim Record of the Thirty-sixth Meeting Held at Headquarters, New York, On Tuesday, 19 October 1982. (A/37/PV.36) 19 October 1982
- UN Document A/59/881 Note Verbale from the Permanent Mission of Costa Rica containing a record of Security Council elections up to 2004