1988 United States presidential election in South Dakota

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1988 United States presidential election in South Dakota

← 1984 November 8, 1988 1992 →
  1988 Bush (cropped).jpg Michael Dukakis color photograph.png
Nominee George H. W. Bush Michael Dukakis
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Texas Massachusetts
Running mate Dan Quayle Lloyd Bentsen
Electoral vote 3 0
Popular vote 165,415 145,560
Percentage 52.85% 46.51%

South Dakota Presidential Election Results 1988.svg
County Results

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

George H. W. Bush
Republican

The 1988 United States presidential election in South Dakota took place on November 8, 1988. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1988 United States presidential election. Voters chose three electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

South Dakota was won by incumbent United States Vice President George H. W. Bush of Texas, who was running against Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis. Bush ran with Indiana Senator Dan Quayle as Vice President, and Dukakis ran with Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen.

South Dakota weighed in for this election as one percent more Democratic than the national average.[1] This is the last of only four elections since statehood when South Dakota has voted more Democratic than the national average,[a] an anomaly probably caused by the persistent crisis in the United States' farming sector during the decade.

Partisan background[edit]

The presidential election of 1988 was a very partisan election for South Dakota, with more than 99 percent of the electorate voting for either the Republican or the Democratic parties, and only five candidates appearing on the ballot.[2] While most counties turned out in this election for Bush, the highly populated centers of Brown County and Sioux Falls's Minnehaha County, voted in majority for Dukakis.

Republican victory[edit]

Bush won the election in South Dakota with a 6-point margin. While South Dakota tends to lean conservative, the election results in South Dakota are also reflective of a nationwide political reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party, which took place through the 1980s. Through the passage of some very controversial economic programs, spearheaded by then President Ronald Reagan (called, collectively, "Reaganomics"), the mid-to-late 1980s saw a period of economic growth and stability.

Dukakis ran his campaign on a socially liberal platform, and advocated for higher economic regulation and environmental protection. Bush, alternatively, ran on a campaign of continuing the social and economic policies of then-President Reagan, which gained him much support with social and economic conservatives.

Results[edit]

1988 United States presidential election in South Dakota
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican George H. W. Bush 165,415 52.85% 3
Democratic Michael Dukakis 145,560 46.51% 0
Independent Ron Paul 1,060 0.34% 0
Independent Lenora Fulani 730 0.23% 0
Independent James Warren 226 0.07% 0
Totals 312,991 100.0% 3

Results by county[edit]

County[3] George Herbert Walker Bush
Republican
Michael Stanley Dukakis
Democratic
Ronald Ernest Paul
Independent
Leonora Branch Fulani
Independent
James Warren
Independent
Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # % # % # %
Aurora 856 46.17% 987 53.24% 5 0.27% 5 0.27% 1 0.05% -131 -7.07% 1,854
Beadle 4,611 50.23% 4,523 49.27% 29 0.32% 15 0.16% 2 0.02% 88 0.96% 9,180
Bennett 663 52.54% 579 45.88% 18 1.43% 1 0.08% 1 0.08% 84 6.66% 1,262
Bon Homme 1,826 53.44% 1,574 46.06% 6 0.18% 9 0.26% 2 0.06% 252 7.37% 3,417
Brookings 5,394 52.34% 4,860 47.16% 20 0.19% 29 0.28% 2 0.02% 534 5.18% 10,305
Brown 8,537 49.34% 8,673 50.13% 42 0.24% 39 0.23% 11 0.06% -136 -0.79% 17,302
Brule 971 49.19% 991 50.20% 9 0.46% 2 0.10% 1 0.05% -20 -1.01% 1,974
Buffalo 151 30.82% 334 68.16% 2 0.41% 1 0.20% 2 0.41% -183 -37.35% 490
Butte 2,291 63.96% 1,256 35.06% 19 0.53% 15 0.42% 1 0.03% 1,035 28.89% 3,582
Campbell 909 72.60% 334 26.68% 8 0.64% 1 0.08% 0 0.00% 575 45.93% 1,252
Charles Mix 1,966 46.99% 2,205 52.70% 5 0.12% 4 0.10% 4 0.10% -239 -5.71% 4,184
Clark 1,247 51.44% 1,164 48.02% 3 0.12% 9 0.37% 1 0.04% 83 3.42% 2,424
Clay 2,307 44.37% 2,859 54.98% 18 0.35% 7 0.13% 9 0.17% -552 -10.62% 5,200
Codington 5,050 51.99% 4,570 47.05% 34 0.35% 46 0.47% 14 0.14% 480 4.94% 9,714
Corson 710 49.03% 722 49.86% 11 0.76% 4 0.28% 1 0.07% -12 -0.83% 1,448
Custer 1,806 59.49% 1,180 38.87% 34 1.12% 9 0.30% 7 0.23% 626 20.62% 3,036
Davison 4,024 51.68% 3,705 47.59% 20 0.26% 30 0.39% 7 0.09% 319 4.10% 7,786
Day 1,616 42.82% 2,137 56.62% 19 0.50% 2 0.05% 0 0.00% -521 -13.80% 3,774
Deuel 1,251 49.49% 1,246 49.29% 17 0.67% 12 0.47% 2 0.08% 5 0.20% 2,528
Dewey 765 42.76% 1,007 56.29% 14 0.78% 1 0.06% 2 0.11% -242 -13.53% 1,789
Douglas 1,438 67.23% 695 32.49% 3 0.14% 3 0.14% 0 0.00% 743 34.74% 2,139
Edmunds 1,327 51.06% 1,259 48.44% 7 0.27% 4 0.15% 2 0.08% 68 2.62% 2,599
Fall River 2,002 58.59% 1,380 40.39% 25 0.73% 7 0.20% 3 0.09% 622 18.20% 3,417
Faulk 842 53.94% 714 45.74% 2 0.13% 3 0.19% 0 0.00% 128 8.20% 1,561
Grant 2,148 51.49% 1,988 47.65% 19 0.46% 15 0.36% 2 0.05% 160 3.84% 4,172
Gregory 1,566 57.53% 1,138 41.81% 7 0.26% 9 0.33% 2 0.07% 428 15.72% 2,722
Haakon 958 70.91% 379 28.05% 9 0.67% 5 0.37% 0 0.00% 579 42.86% 1,351
Hamlin 1,380 52.06% 1,258 47.45% 9 0.34% 4 0.15% 0 0.00% 122 4.60% 2,651
Hand 1,461 56.67% 1,101 42.71% 8 0.31% 8 0.31% 0 0.00% 360 13.96% 2,578
Hanson 786 50.00% 776 49.36% 8 0.51% 2 0.13% 0 0.00% 10 0.64% 1,572
Harding 633 70.33% 259 28.78% 5 0.56% 3 0.33% 0 0.00% 374 41.56% 900
Hughes 4,545 61.07% 2,853 38.34% 24 0.32% 15 0.20% 5 0.07% 1,692 22.74% 7,442
Hutchinson 2,700 62.56% 1,594 36.93% 9 0.21% 13 0.30% 0 0.00% 1,106 25.63% 4,316
Hyde 546 53.58% 436 42.79% 29 2.85% 5 0.49% 3 0.29% 110 10.79% 1,019
Jackson 671 58.81% 450 39.44% 14 1.23% 2 0.18% 4 0.35% 221 19.37% 1,141
Jerauld 777 50.65% 751 48.96% 2 0.13% 4 0.26% 0 0.00% 26 1.69% 1,534
Jones 521 66.28% 261 33.21% 3 0.38% 1 0.13% 0 0.00% 260 33.08% 786
Kingsbury 1,592 51.57% 1,472 47.68% 11 0.36% 7 0.23% 5 0.16% 120 3.89% 3,087
Lake 2,439 47.62% 2,663 51.99% 8 0.16% 9 0.18% 3 0.06% -224 -4.37% 5,122
Lawrence 5,570 59.39% 3,705 39.50% 66 0.70% 32 0.34% 6 0.06% 1,865 19.88% 9,379
Lincoln 3,537 52.35% 3,190 47.21% 15 0.22% 9 0.13% 6 0.09% 347 5.14% 6,757
Lyman 843 56.96% 631 42.64% 3 0.20% 3 0.20% 0 0.00% 212 14.32% 1,480
Marshall 1,142 45.23% 1,372 54.34% 7 0.28% 4 0.16% 0 0.00% -230 -9.11% 2,525
McCook 1,501 50.00% 1,492 49.70% 1 0.03% 6 0.20% 2 0.07% 9 0.30% 3,002
McPherson 1,358 70.14% 571 29.49% 4 0.21% 2 0.10% 1 0.05% 787 40.65% 1,936
Meade 5,189 61.24% 3,212 37.91% 43 0.51% 27 0.32% 2 0.02% 1,977 23.33% 8,473
Mellette 460 53.99% 385 45.19% 6 0.70% 1 0.12% 0 0.00% 75 8.80% 852
Miner 795 45.30% 955 54.42% 4 0.23% 1 0.06% 0 0.00% -160 -9.12% 1,755
Minnehaha 26,765 47.71% 29,135 51.94% 82 0.15% 84 0.15% 29 0.05% -2,370 -4.22% 56,095
Moody 1,161 40.19% 1,715 59.36% 4 0.14% 7 0.24% 2 0.07% -554 -19.18% 2,889
Pennington 19,510 61.44% 12,068 38.00% 90 0.28% 71 0.22% 18 0.06% 7,442 23.43% 31,757
Perkins 1,326 60.36% 851 38.73% 17 0.77% 3 0.14% 0 0.00% 475 21.62% 2,197
Potter 1,175 62.07% 701 37.03% 10 0.53% 5 0.26% 2 0.11% 474 25.04% 1,893
Roberts 2,012 46.67% 2,267 52.59% 20 0.46% 6 0.14% 6 0.14% -255 -5.92% 4,311
Sanborn 815 51.10% 770 48.28% 4 0.25% 6 0.38% 0 0.00% 45 2.82% 1,595
Shannon 256 17.31% 1,206 81.54% 7 0.47% 4 0.27% 6 0.41% -950 -64.23% 1,479
Spink 1,969 48.47% 2,071 50.98% 9 0.22% 8 0.20% 5 0.12% -102 -2.51% 4,062
Stanley 698 57.26% 511 41.92% 8 0.66% 2 0.16% 0 0.00% 187 15.34% 1,219
Sully 571 56.76% 393 39.07% 41 4.08% 1 0.10% 0 0.00% 178 17.69% 1,006
Todd 535 31.92% 1,117 66.65% 5 0.30% 9 0.54% 10 0.60% -582 -34.73% 1,676
Tripp 2,113 62.96% 1,219 36.32% 13 0.39% 6 0.18% 5 0.15% 894 26.64% 3,356
Turner 2,436 57.47% 1,780 41.99% 11 0.26% 8 0.19% 4 0.09% 656 15.48% 4,239
Union 1,907 41.91% 2,612 57.41% 11 0.24% 14 0.31% 6 0.13% -705 -15.49% 4,550
Walworth 1,940 63.40% 1,094 35.75% 15 0.49% 9 0.29% 2 0.07% 846 27.65% 3,060
Yankton 4,186 52.05% 3,777 46.96% 26 0.32% 41 0.51% 13 0.16% 409 5.09% 8,043
Ziebach 362 45.53% 427 53.71% 3 0.38% 2 0.25% 1 0.13% -65 -8.18% 795
Totals 165,415 52.85% 145,560 46.51% 1,060 0.34% 730 0.23% 226 0.07% 19,855 6.34% 312,991

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The others are 1896 during Bryan's "Cross of Gold" campaign, 1932 during the Dust Bowl, and 1972 when favorite son George McGovern was the Democratic nominee.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Counting the Votes; South Dakota
  2. ^ "1988 Presidential General Election Results – South Dakota". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
  3. ^ Our Campaigns; SD US Presidential Election Race, November 08, 1988