1991 Soviet First League
|Top goalscorer||(25) Serhiy Husyev (Tiligul Tiraspol)|
Soviet First League 1991 was the last season of the Soviet First League. With the collapse of the Soviet Union the football structure was reformed. All of its participants have entered the Top Divisions of the republics of their origin, except of Dinamo Sukhumi that because of the 1992-93 War in Abkhazia was dissolved.
- FC Uralmash Yekaterinburg – Winner of the Second League, Zone East (returning after an absence of 10 seasons)
- FC Bukovina Chernovtsy – Winner of the Second League, Zone West (debut)
- FC Neftianik Fergona – Winner of the Second League finals (debut)
- FC Novbakhor Namangan – Winner of the Second League finals (debut)
- FC Textilshchik Kamyshin – Winner of the Second League finals (debut)
- FC Daugava Riga – Winner of the Second League, Zone West (debut)
- Rotor Volgograd – (Returning after 2 seasons)
- Prior to the start of the season Tiras Tiraspol was renamed to Tiligul Tiraspol.
- Prior to the start of the season Nistru Kishenev was renamed to Zimbrul Kishinev.
Replaced or withdrawn teams
With fall of the Soviet Union, the promoted FC Daugava Riga was dissolved and replaced with FC Pardaugava Riga that was based on the junior squad of the Latvian national football team (U-21) and took part in the 1990 Baltic League placing only 15th out 17 teams.
|Pos||Team||Pld||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Qualification or relegation|
|1||Rotor Volgograd (C)||42||24||11||7||79||44||+35||59|
|2||Tiligul Tiraspol||42||22||10||10||64||45||+19||54||Left the Soviet/Russian competitions|
|5||Bukovyna Chernivtsi||42||20||8||14||56||49||+7||48||Left the Soviet/Russian competitions|
|8||Lokomotiv Nizhniy Novgorod||42||17||13||12||46||35||+11||47|
|9||Novbahor||42||19||7||16||60||53||+7||45||Left the Soviet/Russian competitions|
|14||Kairat Almaty||42||17||6||19||58||52||+6||40||Left the Soviet/Russian competitions|
|17||Kotayk Abovyan||42||15||7||20||30||48||−18||37||Left the Soviet/Russian competitions|
|18||Zenit St. Petersburg||42||11||14||17||44||50||−6||36|
|19||Zimbru Chisinau||42||11||13||18||36||49||−13||35||Left the Soviet/Russian competitions|
|22||Pardaugava Riga||42||7||6||29||31||73||−42||20||Left the Soviet/Russian competitions|
- The city of Leningrad was renamed into Saint Petersburg
- The city of Sverdlovsk was renamed into Yekaterinburg
- After this season the league was reorganized as the Soviet Union fell apart. All of the non-Russia based participant teams went on to compete at the top national level of their native countries. The clubs from Russia were moved to the Russian Premier League, the top tier of Russian football.
Number of teams by union republic
|1||Serhiy Husyev||«Tiligul Tiraspol»||25||36|
|2||Serhiy Shevchenko||«Tavriya Simferopol»||21||40|
|3||Valeri Shushlyakov||«Uralmash Yekaterinburg»||20||38|
|4||Vladislav Lemish||«Kuban Krasnodar»||20||42|
|5||Rustam Zabirov||«Navbahor Namangan»||19||35|
|6||Yuri Kalitvintsev||«Rotor Volgograd»||18||37|
|7||Aleksandr Tikhonov||«Rostselmash Rostov»||17||40|
|8||Yunis Hüseynov||«Neftchi Baku»||16||34|
|9||Vəli Qasımov||«Neftchi Baku»||16||38|
|10||Rustem Shaymukhametov||«Textilshchik Kamyshin»||15||38|
|11||Yuriy Hudymenko||«Rotor Volgograd»||15||39|