2003 Iranian local elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
City and Village Councils elections

← 1999 28 February 2003 (2003-02-28) 2006 →

905 City and 34,205 Village Councils
Registered41,501,783[1]
Turnout49.96%[1]
Alliance Principlists Reformists

Iranian City and Village Councils elections, 2003 took place in February 2003, the second time local elections for city and village councils had taken place since being introduced in 1999, and 905 city and 34,205 village councils were up for election.[2]

By the elections, conservatives made a comeback and won the majority of the seats nationally as a harbinger of the 2004 parliamentary elections, where they won decisively.[2]

The elections demonstrated a voter apathy among the urban citizens,[3] as a result of public disappointment with reformists[2] and constant political infighting which led to the dissolution of the reformist-dominated City Council of Tehran.[4]

There were 20,235,898 votes cast in this election,[1] marking the lowest turnout in 24 years. In Tehran, only 12% of eligible voters participated. Turnout in Isfahan and Mashhad showed similar rates, 12% and 15% respectively.[5]

Disqualifications were minimal and below the 10%, to the extent that the banned Freedom Movement of Iran and Nationalist–Religious activists secured a few candidates as independents.[6]

Campaign[edit]

Posters of the candidates

In early 2000's, main camp of Principlists started lights-off works to take the power from Reformists. They established an umbrella organization for 2003 elections under the name of Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran. Tehran's election campaign of Builders headed by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.[7] In some Provincial capitals, they used other name such as Āfṭāb (Persian: آفتاب‎, lit. 'Sun') or Sahand (Persian: سهند‎) for their election campaigns.[8] Builders decisively won the election in Tehran.[9]

Results[edit]

Accoeding to Panjereh Weekly, conservatives won 64% of the seats nationwide.[10]

City Principlists Reformists Independents Ref
Tehran
14 / 15 (93%)
0 / 15 (0%)
1 / 15 (7%)
[9]
Shiraz
6 / 11 (55%)
0 / 11 (0%)
5 / 11 (45%)
[11][12]

Turnout[edit]

Source: Hamshahri[13]
Province Turnout
Qom Province 30%
Isfahan Province 34%
Yazd Province 42%
Sistan & Baluchestan Province 68%
Fars Province 46%
East Azerbaijan Province 46%
West Azerbaijan Province 61%
Tehran Province 23%
Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari Province 62%
Ilam Province 66%
Khorasan Province 54%
Zanjan Province 62%
Kerman Province 60%
Kohgiluyeh & Boyerahmad Province 69%
Golestan Province 62%
Hormozgan Province 66%
Mazandaran Province 66%
Total 49%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2003 Municipal Councils Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal, Princeton University, retrieved 10 August 2015
  2. ^ a b c Ehteshami, Anoushiravan; Zweiri, Mahjoob (2007), Iran and the Rise of Its Neoconservatives: The Politics of Tehran's Silent Revolution, I.B.Tauris, pp. 35–37, ISBN 0857713671
  3. ^ Mir-Hosseini, Ziba (2017), Jose Casanova, Jocelyne Cesari (eds.), Islam, Gender, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective, Oxford University Press, p. 224, ISBN 9780198788553CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Iran elections 'can heal wounds'", Reuters, 28 February 2003, retrieved 11 June 2017 – via CNN
  5. ^ Ray Takeyh (6 March 2003), "Iran's Municipal Elections: A Turning Point for the Reform Movement?", The Washington Institute, Policywatch (721), retrieved 11 June 2017
  6. ^ Nigel Parsons (November 2010), "Electoral Politics in Iran: Rules of the Arena, Popular Participation, and the Limits of Elastic in the Islamic Republic" (PDF), Policy Brief, The Middle East Institute (30), retrieved 11 June 2017
  7. ^ Axworthy, Michael (2013), Revolutionary Iran: A History of the Islamic Republic, Oxford University Press, pp. 373–374
  8. ^ Roozi-talab, Mohammad-Hassan (29 May 2004). "A further trust". Hamshahri (in Persian) (3393). Tehran. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Final election results of Islamic city council of Tehran" (PDF). Ettela'at International (in Persian) (2111). New York City. 3 March 2003. pp. Page 1. ISSN 1353-8829. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  10. ^ Torkashvand, Habib (6 November 2010). "Brief look to performance of Principlism". Panjereh weekly (in Persian). Jahan News. Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Election results of city council of Shiraz" (in Persian). Iranian Students News Agency. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  12. ^ ""Aftab" is leading in Shiraz" (in Persian). Fars News Agency. 1 March 2003. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  13. ^ "Tehran, the lowest turnout". Hamshahri (in Persian) (2997). 5 March 2003.