2019 United States House of Representatives elections

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2019 United States House of Representatives elections

← 2018 May 21, 2019 – September 10, 2019 2020 →

3 of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives
218 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Official photo of Speaker Nancy Pelosi in 2019.jpg Kevin McCarthy, official photo, 116th Congress (cropped).jpg
Leader Nancy Pelosi Kevin McCarthy
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since January 3, 2003 January 3, 2019
Leader's seat California 12th California 23rd
Last election 235 seats 199 seats
Seat change Steady Increase 1
Seats up 0 2
Races won 0 3

US House special elections 2019.svg
     Republican hold

There were three special elections to the United States House of Representatives in 2019 during the 116th United States Congress.

Two of the three seats were won by the party previously holding the seat. One seat, which was left vacant, was picked up by the Republican Party.


Elections are listed by date and district.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Pennsylvania 12 Tom Marino Republican 2010 Incumbent resigned January 23, 2019 to take job in private sector.[1]
New member elected May 21, 2019.[2]
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Fred Keller (Republican)[3] 68.1%
  • Marc Friedenberg (Democratic) 31.9%
North Carolina 3 Walter B. Jones Jr. Republican 1994 Incumbent died February 10, 2019.
New member elected September 10, 2019.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Greg Murphy (Republican) 61.74%
  • Allen Thomas (Democratic) 37.47%
  • Greg Holt (Constitution) 0.44%
  • Tim Harris (Libertarian) 0.35%[4]
North Carolina 9 Vacant In the 2018 election certification was denied under a cloud of suspected election fraud.
New member elected September 10, 2019.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Dan Bishop (Republican) 50.74%
  • Dan McCready (Democratic) 48.66%
  • Jeff Scott (Libertarian) 0.40%
  • Loran Allen Smith (Green) 0.20%[5]

Pennsylvania's 12th district[edit]

Incumbent Republican Tom Marino resigned from office on January 23, 2019 to work in the private sector. Governor Tom Wolf called for an election to be held on May 21, four months after Marino's resignation. Primary elections were not held, with nominees being chosen by each party.[6] Republican nominee Fred Keller secured the seat from the Democratic nominee Marc Friedenberg, who was the only candidate to submit an application.[7]

2019 Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district special election[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Fred Keller 90,000 68.08 Increase2.04
Democratic Marc Friedenberg 42,195 31.92 Decrease2.04
Total votes 132,195 100.00
Republican hold

North Carolina's 3rd district[edit]

Incumbent Republican Walter B. Jones Jr., who was planning to retire from Congress, died on February 10, 2019.[9] Governor Roy Cooper scheduled the special election for September 10, 2019, with primaries being held on April 30. Republican nominee Greg Murphy won a clear victory, defeating Democrat Allen M. Thomas, Libertarian Tim Harris, and Constitution candidate Greg Holt.[10]

2019 North Carolina's 3rd congressional district special election[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Greg Murphy 70,407 61.74 Decrease38.26
Democratic Allen Thomas 42,738 37.47
Constitution Greg Holt 507 0.44
Libertarian Tim Harris 394 0.35
Total votes 114,046 100.00
Republican hold

North Carolina's 9th district[edit]

The seat was left vacant after the results of the 2018 election were uncertified by the state election board due to allegations of electoral fraud.[12] Because of the previous election's slim margin (around 900 votes), this election was considered highly competitive.[13] Primaries were held on May 14, and the general election was held on September 10. Republican nominee Dan Bishop defeated Democratic candidate Dan McCready by a slightly larger margin than Mark Harris.

2019 North Carolina's 9th congressional district special election[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Dan Bishop 96,573 50.69 Increase1.44
Democratic Dan McCready 92,785 48.70 Decrease0.23
Libertarian Jeff Scott 773 0.41 Decrease1.40
Green Allen Smith 375 0.20
Total votes 190,506 100.00
Republican hold


  1. ^ Burke, Michael. "GOP Rep. Tom Marino resigns from Congress". The Hill. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  2. ^ Tom Wolf [@GovernorTomWolf] (January 24, 2019). "Having heard the concerns of county officials, I am scheduling the special election to fill the remainder of Congressman Marino's term on May 21, 2019 to coincide with the primary election" (Tweet). Retrieved January 24, 2019 – via Twitter.
  3. ^ Levy, Marc. "GOP state lawmaker becomes favorite in House race to succeed Marino". Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 3, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  4. ^ Bloch, Matthew; Lee, Jasmine C. (September 10, 2019). "North Carolina Special Election Results: Third House District - The New York Times". Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  5. ^ Republican Dan Bishop wins special election for House seat in North Carolina special election, NBC News projects, NBC News, September 10, 2019.
  6. ^ Paez, Sarah. "Congressman Tom Marino resigns, leaving vacancy in Pa.'s 12th district | Centre Daily Times". Centredaily.com. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  7. ^ "Pennsylvania Democratic Party Announces Candidate For Special Election In The 12th Congressional District - Pennsylvania Democratic PartyPennsylvania Democratic Party". Padems.com. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
  8. ^ "2019 Special Election 12th Congressional District". Pennsylvania Department of State. May 21, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  9. ^ Bolton, Alexander (February 10, 2019). "Rep. Walter Jones, GOP rebel and Iraq War critic, dies at age 76". The Hill. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  10. ^ Roll Call: Republican Greg Murphy wins special election in North Carolina’s 3rd District
  11. ^ "US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES DISTRICT 03 - REP (VOTE FOR 1)". NC State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  12. ^ Murphy, Brian; Morrill, Jim (February 15, 2019). "All mail-in ballots in Bladen, Robeson were tainted, McCready says in asking for re-do". The News & Observer. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  13. ^ "Under Four Months Until the Special Election, NC-09 Remains in Toss Up". The Cook Political Report. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  14. ^ "US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES DISTRICT 09 - REP (VOTE FOR 1)". NC State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 15, 2019.