2020 Democratic National Convention
|2020 presidential election|
The Fiserv Forum in Milwaukee, Wisconsin will be the site of the 2020 Democratic National Convention
|Date(s)||July 13–16, 2020|
|Votes needed for nomination||1,990|
2020 U.S. presidential election
The 2020 Democratic National Convention is an event in which delegates of the United States Democratic Party will choose the party's nominees for president and vice president in the 2020 United States presidential election. The convention is scheduled to be held from July 13–16, 2020, at the Fiserv Forum in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Joe Solmonese, former President of the Human Rights Campaign, was named convention CEO in March of 2019.
Bids on the site for the convention were solicited in late 2017, and were made public in the spring of 2018. Las Vegas, Nevada later withdrew and decided to focus on the 2020 Republican National Convention, for which its bid was subsequently defeated by Charlotte.
On June 20, 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced four finalists for the convention site. Immediately following the announcement, the finalist city of Denver, Colorado withdrew from consideration due to apparent scheduling conflicts.
- Pepsi Center, Denver, Colorado (withdrawn after finalist selection)
- Toyota Center, Houston, Texas
- American Airlines Arena, Miami, Florida (with some meetings at the Miami Beach Convention Center, Miami Beach, Florida)
With the exception of Milwaukee, each of the finalist cities was a past host of a Democratic convention. Denver hosted in both 1908 and 2008. Houston hosted in 1928. Miami hosted in 1972. In addition, both Houston and Miami have also previously hosted Republican National Conventions, with Houston hosting it once in 1992 and Miami having hosted both the 1968 and 1972 RNCs.
- Atlanta, Georgia
- Birmingham, Alabama
- Las Vegas, Nevada (withdrew in order to focus on bid for 2020 RNC)
Atlanta had previously hosted the 1988 convention.
Approximately 50,000 people are expected to attend the convention. 31 state delegations will stay in 2,926 Milwaukee-area hotel rooms and 26 delegations will stay in 2,841 hotel rooms in Lake County and Rosemont, Illinois. Another 11,000 hotel rooms will house volunteers, members of the media, donors, and other attendees.
Role of superdelegates
Superdelegates are delegates to the convention who are automatically chosen by the party, rather than by the results of primaries and caucuses. While technically unpledged, many of them have informally pledged themselves to a predesignated front-runner in previous elections. During the 2016 Democratic primaries, most of these favored Hillary Clinton over Bernie Sanders. The superdelegate system is controversial among Democrats, and supporters of both Clinton and Sanders have called for their removal in 2020.
The Unity Reform Commission, created after the 2016 election, recommended that the number of 2020 superdelegates be drastically reduced. As of July 2018, the DNC plans to revoke voting rights for superdelegates on the first ballot. They will be able to affect the selection of the presidential and vice presidential nominees only if voting continues to another ballot, which has not happened since 1952 for the presidential nomination and 1956 for the vice presidential nomination.
Selection of pledged delegates
The number of delegates allocated to each of the 50 states and Washington D.C. are based on, among others, the proportion of votes each state gave to the Democratic candidate in the 2008, 2012, and 2016 presidential elections. A fixed number of pledged delegates are allocated to each of the five U.S. territories and Democrats Abroad.
The rules stipulate that delegates from candidates who have withdrawn from the race will lose their right to attend and be replaced by delegates pledged to the designated front-runner. In the past, candidates would "suspend" their campaigns rather than officially withdraw in order to let their supporters have the "convention experience."
Pre-convention delegate count
The table below reflects the presumed delegate count as per the 2020 Democratic primaries.
As of January 2020[update], the following overall number of pledged delegates is subject to change, as possible penalty/bonus delegates (awarded for each states scheduled election date and potential regional clustering) may be altered.
Candidates who have suspended their campaigns without having received any superdelegate endorsements, as well as those who've suspended their campaigns and subsequently lost their endorsements to other candidates, are not included in the table below.
|Presumed 2nd ballot|
Presidential and vice presidential balloting
Candidates who have received enough signed petitions from delegates will be permitted to have their names placed into nomination. Those who have not may not be able to receive any votes at the convention.
Since 1996, uncontested balloting has been done by a full roll call vote. In 2008, the balloting was stopped short by agreement of the two candidates (there was a "secret ballot" earlier in the day so delegates for the losing side, in this case, Hillary Clinton, could cast their votes). In 2016, there were attempts to do away with the roll call, but the Sanders campaign refused this idea.
Due to problems with the scattering of votes during the 1972 and 1980 vice-presidential balloting, as well as threats to do so in 1984, 1988 and 2016, the nominee's choice will be nominated by voice vote.
There have been no multi-ballot conventions in 70 years in the presidential race and with the exception of the 1956 Democratic National Convention, none in the vice presidential vote as well.
- The overall number of pledged delegates is subject to change as possible penalty/bonus delegates (awarded for each states scheduled election date and potential regional clustering) are not yet included.
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- See Superdelegate endorsements
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