75th United States Congress

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75th United States Congress
74th ←
→ 76th
USCapitol1956.jpg
January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1939
Senate President John N. Garner (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem Key Pittman (D)
House Speaker William B. Bankhead (D)
Members 96 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Democratic
House Majority Democratic
Sessions
1st: January 5, 1937 – August 21, 1937
2nd: November 15, 1937 – December 21, 1937
3rd: January 3, 1938 – June 16, 1938
Washington, D.C., March 25, 1937: Navy Chaplain Edward Duff opens the House of Representatives with a prayer for the first time since 1820. It was the first time in 117 years that the Navy was again honored in giving the invocation. Left to right: James S. Montgomery, Chaplain of the House; Speaker William Bankhead; and Capt. Edward A. Duff, Chief of Chaplains U.S. Navy

The Seventy-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1937, to January 3, 1939, during the first two years of the second administration of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. (Because of the 20th amendment, starting in 1937 the new Presidential term began 17 days after that of the new Congress). The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifteenth United States Census, conducted in 1930. Both chambers had a Democratic supermajority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer-Labor
(F)
Progressive
(P)
Republican
(R)
Independent
(I)
End of the previous congress 73 1 1 21 0 96 0
Begin 76 2 1 16 1 96 0
End 74 18
Final voting share 77.1% 2.1% 1.0% 18.8% 1.0%
Beginning of the next congress 69 2 1 23 1 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  80+% to 100% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership[edit]

(L-R): House Speaker William Bankhead, Senate Majority Leader Alben Barkley, and House Majority Leader Sam Rayburn
(L-R): Vice President John Nance Garner, Senate Majority Leader Alben Barkley, Speaker of the House William Bankhead, and House Majority Leader Sam Rayburn, January 9, 1939

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1938; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1940; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1942.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Tennessee
(2)
Nathan L. Bachman (D) Died April 23, 1937. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election. George L. Berry (D) May 6, 1937
Arkansas
(2)
Joseph T. Robinson (D) Died July 14, 1937 John E. Miller (D) November 15, 1937
Alabama
(3)
Hugo Black (D) Resigned August 19, 1937, after being appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election. Dixie Bibb Graves (D) August 20, 1937
Alabama
(3)
Dixie Bibb Graves (D) Resigned January 10, 1938, after successor was elected. J. Lister Hill (D) January 11, 1938
New Jersey
(1)
A. Harry Moore (D) Resigned January 17, 1938, after being elected Governor of New Jersey. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election. John G. Milton (D) January 18, 1938
Oregon
(3)
Frederick Steiwer (R) Resigned January 31, 1938, due to poor health. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election. Alfred E. Reames (D) February 1, 1938
New York
(1)
Royal S. Copeland (D) Died June 17, 1938. James M. Mead (D) December 3, 1938
California
(3)
William G. McAdoo (D) Resigned November 8, 1938, after losing nomination for upcoming term. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election. Thomas M. Storke (D) November 9, 1938
New Jersey
(1)
John G. Milton (D) Successor was elected November 8, 1838. William W. Barbour (R) November 8, 1938
Oregon
(3)
Alfred E. Reames (D) Successor was elected November 8, 1938. Alexander G. Barry (R) November 9, 1938
South Dakota
(3)
Herbert E. Hitchcock (D) Appointed during previous congress to fill term of Sen. Peter Norbeck. Unsuccessful candidate for full term. Successor was elected November 8, 1838. Gladys Pyle (R) November 9, 1938
Tennessee
(2)
George L. Berry (D) Unsuccessful candidate for full term. Successor was elected November 8, 1838. Although eligible and elected, did not "take his seat" as he preferred to remain as district attorney general. Nevertheless, his service begins when eligible and elected, not upon the taking of an oath.[1] Tom Stewart (D) November 8, 1838.

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Virginia 3rd Andrew Jackson Montague (D) Died January 24, 1937 Dave E. Satterfield, Jr. (D) November 2, 1937
Texas 10th James P. Buchanan (D) Died February 22, 1937 Lyndon B. Johnson (D) April 10, 1937
California 10th Henry E. Stubbs (D) Died February 28, 1937 Alfred J. Elliott (D) May 4, 1937
Pennsylvania 18th Benjamin K. Focht (R) Died March 27, 1937 Richard M. Simpson (R) May 11, 1937
New York 27th Philip A. Goodwin (R) Died June 6, 1937 Lewis K. Rockefeller (R) November 2, 1937
Massachusetts 7th William P. Connery, Jr. (D) Died June 15, 1937 Lawrence J. Connery (D) September 28, 1937
New York 17th Theodore A. Peyser (D) Died August 8, 1937 Bruce F. Barton (R) November 2, 1937
Ohio 4th Frank Le Blond Kloeb (D) Resigned August 19, 1937, after being appointed as a justice of United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio, Western Div. Walter H. Albaugh (R) November 8, 1938
New York 25th Charles D. Millard (R) Resigned September 29, 1937, after being elected surrogate of Westchester County, New York Ralph A. Gamble (R) November 2, 1937
Massachusetts 11th John P. Higgins (D) Resigned September 30, 1937, after being appointed chief justice of the Massachusetts Superior Court Thomas A. Flaherty (D) December 14, 1937
Oklahoma 5th Robert P. Hill (D) Died October 29, 1937 Gomer Griffith Smith (D) December 10, 1937
Arkansas 2nd John E. Miller (D) Resigned November 14, 1937, after being elected to the US Senate Vacant until the next Congress
Pennsylvania 33rd Henry Ellenbogen (D) Resigned January 3, 1938, after being elected judge of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Vacant until the next Congress
Alabama 2nd J. Lister Hill (D) Resigned January 11, 1938, after being elected to the US Senate George M. Grant (D) June 14, 1938
New Jersey 9th Edward A. Kenney (D) Died January 27, 1938 Vacant until the next Congress
California 17th Charles J. Colden (D) Died April 15, 1938 Vacant until the next Congress
Kentucky 8th Fred M. Vinson (D) Resigned May 27, 1938, after being appointed associate justice on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit Joe B. Bates (D) June 4, 1938
New Hampshire 1st Arthur B. Jenks (R) Lost contested election June 9, 1938 Alphonse Roy (D) June 9, 1938
South Carolina 6th Allard H. Gasque (D) Died June 17, 1938 Elizabeth Hawley Gasque (D) September 13, 1937
New York 1st Robert L. Bacon (R) Died September 12, 1938 Vacant until the next Congress
Resident Commissioner of the Philippines Quintin Paredes (NAC) Resigned September 29, 1938 Joaquín Miguel Elizalde (NAC) September 29, 1938
New York 15th John J. Boylan (D) Died October 5, 1938 Vacant until the next Congress
Iowa 1st Edward C. Eicher (D) Resigned December 2, 1938, after being appointed a commissioner to the Securities and Exchange Commission Vacant until the next Congress
New York 42nd James M. Mead (D) Resigned December 2, 1938, after being elected to the U.S. Senate Vacant until the next Congress
Maryland 5th Stephen W. Gambrill (D) Died December 19, 1938 Vacant until the next Congress

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (4 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tom Stewart won a special election November 8, 1938. Although eligible and elected, did not "take his seat" as he preferred to remain as district attorney general. Nevertheless, his service begins when eligible and elected, not upon the taking of an oath.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Official Congressional Directory for the United States Congress. Washington: United States Government Printing Office. 1937. pp. 760.