800 metres at the World Championships in Athletics

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800 metres
at the World Championships in Athletics
800 m final Daegu 2011.jpg
The men's 2011 final
Overview
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 19832019
Women: 19832019
Championship record
Men1:42.34 Donavan Brazier (2019)
Women1:54.68 Jarmila Kratochvílová (1983)
Reigning champion
Men Donavan Brazier (USA)
Women Halima Nakaayi (UGA)

The 800 metres at the World Championships in Athletics has been contested by both men and women since the inaugural edition in 1983. It is the second most prestigious title in the discipline after the 800 metres at the Olympics. The competition format typically has two qualifying rounds leading to a final between eight athletes.

The championship records for the event are 1:43.06 for men, set by Billy Konchellah in 1987, and 1:54.68 for women, set by Jarmila Kratochvílová in 1983. Set at the inaugural championships, Kratochvílová's record is the longest-standing record of the competition.[1] The 800 m world record has never been broken at the competition by either men or women.[2]

Maria Mutola is the most successful athlete of the event: from a period spanning 1993 to 2003, she won three gold medals, one silver and one bronze in the World Championships 800 m. The most successful man is Wilson Kipketer, who won three straight titles from 1995 to 1999. Only two other people, Billy Konchellah and Ana Fidelia Quirot, have won two world championship titles in the event. Yuriy Borzakovskiy, though never a champion, has won the most medals in the men's competition, with two silver and two bronze medals.

Kenya is the most successful nation in the discipline, with five gold medals in the men's, two in the women's race, and a total of 13 medals overall. The actions of Mutola and Kipketer alone rank Mozambique at the top of the women's rankings and Denmark second in the men's medal table. Cuba—the second most successful nation among women—has won three women's gold medals. South Africa is the only nation besides Kenya to have provided both a men's and women's winner. Russia has the second highest overall medal tally, with eleven medals across the men's and women's divisions, but it has also provided six of the eight athletes sanctioned for doping at this World Championship distance.

Age[edit]

  • All information from IAAF[3]
Distinction Male athlete Age Female athlete Age
Youngest champion Alfred Kirwa Yego 20 years, 274 days Caster Semenya 18 years, 224 days
Youngest medalist Joaquim Cruz 20 years, 150 days Caster Semenya 18 years, 224 days
Youngest participant Mohamed Abd el Rahman 15 years, 237 days[nb1] Hind Musa 14 years, 334 days
Oldest champion Paul Ruto 32 years, 287 days Ana Fidelia Quirot 34 years, 139 days
Oldest medalist Paul Ruto 32 years, 287 days Letitia Vriesde 36 years, 311 days
Oldest participant Babacar Niang 36 years, 330 days Letitia Vriesde 40 years, 306 days
  • nb The exact date of birth of the youngest male participant, Mohamed Abd el Rahman, is unknown but he remains the youngest given his known year of birth and calculating from 1 January of that year.[3]

Doping[edit]

A total of nine athletes, all of them women and seven of them Russian, have had their 800 m results annulled at the World Championships due to doping infractions. The first was Delisa Floyd of the United States (1991 semi-finalist) was among the first few women to be disqualified from the championships for doping. The 1993 finalist Liliya Nurutdinova was the only woman disqualified at the 1993 championships. Another Russian, Lyubov Tsyoma, had her semi-final run in 1997 annulled. Ten years passed without incident until a third Russian, Svetlana Cherkasova was struck from the heats for doping in 2007.[4]

Two women semi-finalists were disqualified for doping in 2009: a fourth Russian, Svetlana Klyuka, and Tetiana Petlyuk of Ukraine. Petlyuk was retrospectively banned through a biological passport anomaly and this also took in her run at the 2011 World Championships. That same year two more Russians were disqualified, both of them finalists: Yuliya Rusanova and Yekaterina Kostetskaya.[4][5] In 2017, the third Russian finalist, gold medalist Mariya Savinova was banned for life, retroactive to 2010, making it a clean sweep of disqualified Russians in 2011, as well as taking Savinova's silver in 2013. Both times Alysia Johnson Montaño advanced to take the bronze medal.

Medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Willi Wülbeck (FRG)  Rob Druppers (NED)  Joaquim Cruz (BRA)
1987 Rome
details
 Billy Konchellah (KEN)  Peter Elliott (GBR)  José Luíz Barbosa (BRA)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Billy Konchellah (KEN)  José Luíz Barbosa (BRA)  Mark Everett (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Paul Ruto (KEN)  Giuseppe D'Urso (ITA)  Billy Konchellah (KEN)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Wilson Kipketer (DEN)  Arthémon Hatungimana (BDI)  Vebjørn Rodal (NOR)
1997 Athens
details
 Wilson Kipketer (DEN)  Norberto Téllez (CUB)  Rich Kenah (USA)
1999 Seville
details
 Wilson Kipketer (DEN)  Hezekiél Sepeng (RSA)  Djabir Saïd-Guerni (ALG)
2001 Edmonton
details
 André Bucher (SUI)  Wilfred Bungei (KEN)  Paweł Czapiewski (POL)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Djabir Saïd-Guerni (ALG)  Yuriy Borzakovskiy (RUS)  Mbulaeni Mulaudzi (RSA)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Rashid Ramzi (BHR)  Yuriy Borzakovskiy (RUS)  William Yiampoy (KEN)
2007 Osaka
details
 Alfred Kirwa Yego (KEN)  Gary Reed (CAN)  Yuriy Borzakovskiy (RUS)
2009 Berlin
details
 Mbulaeni Mulaudzi (RSA)  Alfred Kirwa Yego (KEN)  Yusuf Saad Kamel (BHR)
2011 Daegu
details
 David Rudisha (KEN)  Abubaker Kaki (SUD)  Yuriy Borzakovskiy (RUS)
2013 Moscow
details
 Mohammed Aman (ETH)  Nick Symmonds (USA)  Ayanleh Souleiman (DJI)
2015 Beijing
details
 David Rudisha (KEN)  Adam Kszczot (POL)  Amel Tuka (BIH)
2017 London
details
 Pierre-Ambroise Bosse (FRA)  Adam Kszczot (POL)  Kipyegon Bett (KEN)
2019 Doha
details
 Donavan Brazier (USA)  Amel Tuka (BIH)  Ferguson Cheruiyot Rotich (KEN)

Multiple medalists[edit]

Rank Athlete Nation Period Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Wilson Kipketer  Denmark (DEN) 1995–1999 3 0 0 3
2 Billy Konchellah  Kenya (KEN) 1987–1993 2 0 1 3
3 David Rudisha  Kenya (KEN) 2011-2015 2 0 0 2
4 Alfred Kirwa Yego  Kenya (KEN) 2007–2009 1 1 0 2
5= Djabir Saïd-Guerni  Algeria (ALG) 1999–2003 1 0 1 2
5= Mbulaeni Mulaudzi  South Africa (RSA) 2003–2009 1 0 1 2
7 Yuriy Borzakovskiy  Russia (RUS) 2003–2011 0 2 2 4
8 José Luiz Barbosa  Brazil (BRA) 1987–1991 0 1 1 2

Medalists by country[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Kenya (KEN) 5 2 2 9
2  Denmark (DEN) 3 0 0 3
3  South Africa (RSA) 1 1 1 3
4=  Algeria (ALG) 1 0 1 2
4=  Bahrain (BHR) 1 0 1 2
6=  West Germany (FRG) 1 0 0 1
6=  Ethiopia (ETH) 1 0 0 1
6=   Switzerland (SUI) 1 0 0 1
9  Russia (RUS) 0 2 2 4
10=  Burundi (BDI) 0 1 0 1
10=  Canada (CAN) 0 1 0 1
10=  Cuba (CUB) 0 1 0 1
10=  Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 0 1
10=  Italy (ITA) 0 1 0 1
10=  Netherlands (NED) 0 1 0 1
10=  Sudan (SUD) 0 1 0 1
17=  Brazil (BRA) 0 1 2 3
17=  United States (USA) 0 1 2 3
19=  Djibouti (DJI) 0 0 1 1
19=  Poland (POL) 0 0 1 1
19=  Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1

Women[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Jarmila Kratochvílová (TCH)  Lyubov Gurina (URS)  Yekaterina Podkopayeva (URS)
1987 Rome
details
 Sigrun Wodars (GDR)  Christine Wachtel (GDR)  Lyubov Gurina (URS)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Liliya Nurutdinova (URS)  Ana Fidelia Quirot (CUB)  Ella Kovacs (ROU)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Maria Mutola (MOZ)  Lyubov Gurina (RUS)  Ella Kovacs (ROU)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Ana Fidelia Quirot (CUB)  Letitia Vriesde (SUR)  Kelly Holmes (GBR)
1997 Athens
details
 Ana Fidelia Quirot (CUB)  Yelena Afanasyeva (RUS)  Maria Mutola (MOZ)
1999 Seville
details
 Ludmila Formanová (CZE)  Maria Mutola (MOZ)  Svetlana Masterkova (RUS)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Maria Mutola (MOZ)  Stephanie Graf (AUT)  Letitia Vriesde (SUR)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Maria Mutola (MOZ)  Kelly Holmes (GBR)  Natalya Khrushcheleva (RUS)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Zulia Calatayud (CUB)  Hasna Benhassi (MAR)  Tatyana Andrianova (RUS)
2007 Osaka
details
 Janeth Jepkosgei (KEN)  Hasna Benhassi (MAR)  Mayte Martínez (ESP)
2009 Berlin
details
 Caster Semenya (RSA)  Janeth Jepkosgei (KEN)  Jenny Meadows (GBR)
2011 Daegu
details
 Caster Semenya (RSA)  Janeth Jepkosgei (KEN)  Alysia Johnson Montaño (USA)
2013 Moscow
details
 Eunice Sum (KEN)  Brenda Martinez (USA)  Alysia Johnson Montaño (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
 Maryna Arzamasava (BLR)  Melissa Bishop (CAN)  Eunice Sum (KEN)
2017 London
details
 Caster Semenya (RSA)  Francine Niyonsaba (BDI)  Ajeé Wilson (USA)
2019 Doha
details
 Halimah Nakaayi (UGA)  Raevyn Rogers (USA)  Ajeé Wilson (USA)

Multiple medalists[edit]

Rank Athlete Nation Period Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Maria Mutola  Mozambique (MOZ) 1993–2003 3 1 1 5
2 Ana Fidelia Quirot  Cuba (CUB) 1991–1997 2 1 0 3
3 Janeth Jepkosgei  Kenya (KEN) 2007–2011 1 1 1 3
4= Caster Semenya  South Africa (RSA) 2009–2017 2 1 0 3
4= Mariya Savinova  Russia (RUS) 2011–2013 1 1 0 2
6 Lyubov Gurina  Soviet Union (URS)
 Russia (RUS)
1983–1993 0 2 1 3
7= Letitia Vriesde  Suriname (SUR) 1995–2001 0 1 1 2
7= Kelly Holmes  Great Britain (GBR) 1995–2003 0 1 1 2
9 Hasna Benhassi  Morocco (MAR) 2005–2007 0 2 0 2
10 Ella Kovacs  Romania (ROM) 1991–1993 0 0 2 2

Medalists by country[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Mozambique (MOZ) 3 1 1 5
2  Cuba (CUB) 3 1 0 4
3  Kenya (KEN) 2 1 1 4
4  South Africa (RSA) 2 1 0 3
5  Russia (RUS) 1 3 3 7
6  Soviet Union (URS) 1 1 2 4
7  East Germany (GDR) 1 1 0 2
8=  Czech Republic (CZE) 1 0 0 1
8=  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 0 0 1
10  Morocco (MAR) 0 2 0 2
11  Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 2 3
12  Suriname (SUR) 0 1 1 2
13  Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
14  Romania (ROM) 0 0 2 2
15=  Spain (ESP) 0 0 1 1
15=  United States (USA) 0 0 2 2

Championship record progression[edit]

Men[edit]

Men's 800 metres World Championships record progression[6]
Time Athlete Nation Year Round Date
1:46.32 James Robinson  United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
1:45.84 David Mack  United States (USA) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
1:45.62 Joaquim Cruz  Brazil (BRA) 1983 Semi-final 1983-08-08
1:45.24 Hans-Peter Ferner  West Germany (FRG) 1983 Semi-final 1983-08-08
1:43.65 Willi Wülbeck  West Germany (FRG) 1983 Final 1983-08-09
1:43.06 Billy Konchellah  Kenya (KEN) 1987 Final 1987-09-01

Women[edit]

Women's 800 metres World Championships record progression[7]
Time Athlete Nation Year Round Date
2:02.08 Margrit Klinger  West Germany (FRG) 1983 Heats 1983-08-07
1:59.55 Yekaterina Podkopayeva  Soviet Union (URS) 1983 Semi-finals 1983-08-08
1:59.33 Lyubov Gurina  Soviet Union (URS) 1983 Semi-finals 1983-08-08
1:54.68 Jarmila Kratochvílová  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1983 Final 1983-08-09

References[edit]

  1. ^ Championships Records. IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-12.
  2. ^ IAAF World Championships: IAAF Statistics Handbook Daegu 2011, pp. 595–6 (archived). IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  3. ^ a b Butler 2013, p. 34–7.
  4. ^ a b Butler 2013, p. 67–9.
  5. ^ "List of athletes currently serving a period of ineligibility as a result of an Anti-Doping Rule Violation under IAAF Rules as at: 28.07.14". IAAF. 28 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  6. ^ Main > Men, 800 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  7. ^ Main > Women, 800 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]