96th United States Congress

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96th United States Congress
95th ←
→ 97th
USCapitol.jpg
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1981
Senate President Walter Mondale (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem Warren Magnuson (D)
except December 5, 1980
Milton Young (R)
December 5, 1980
House Speaker Tip O'Neill (D)
Members 100 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting members
Senate Majority Democratic
House Majority Democratic
Sessions
1st: January 15, 1979 – January 3, 1980
2nd: January 3, 1980 – December 16, 1980

The Ninety-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1979, to January 3, 1981, during the last two years of the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1970 Census. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party standings on the opening day of the 96th Congress
  57 Democratic Senators
  1 Independent Senator, caucusing with Democrats
  42 Republican Senators
Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 58 1 41 100 0
Begin 58 1 41 100 0
End 55 44
Final voting share 55.0% 1.0% 44.0%
Beginning of the next congress 46 1 53 100 0

House of Representatives[edit]

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Republican
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  50+% to 60% Republican
  50+% to 60% Democratic
  striped: 50–50 split

Total members: 435

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Caucuses[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1980; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1982; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1984.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in Membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 4
  • deaths:
  • resignations: 4
  • vacancy:
  • Total seats with changes: 4
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Maine
(Class 1)
Edmund Muskie
(D)
Resigned May 7, 1980 to become United States Secretary of State.
Successor appointed to finish the term.
George J. Mitchell
(D)
May 19, 1980
New Hampshire
(Class 3)
John A. Durkin
(D)
Resigned December 29, 1980 to give successor priority in seniority.
Successor appointed to finish the term.
Warren Rudman
(R)
December 29, 1980
Florida
(Class 3)
Richard Stone
(D)
Resigned December 30, 1980 to give successor priority in seniority.
Successor appointed to finish the term.
Paula Hawkins
(R)
January 1, 1981
Alabama
(Class 3)
Donald Stewart
(D)
Resigned January 2, 1981 to give successor priority in seniority.
Successor appointed to finish the term.
Jeremiah Denton
(R)
January 2, 1981

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 4
  • expulsion: 1
  • contested election:
  • Total seats with changes: 10
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
California 11th Vacant Rep. Leo Ryan died during previous congress William Royer (R) April 3, 1979
Wisconsin 6th Vacant Rep. William A. Steiger died during previous congress Tom Petri (R) April 3, 1979
Illinois 10th Abner J. Mikva (D) Resigned September 26, 1979, after being appoined judge of U.S. Court of Appeals John Porter (R) January 22, 1980
Pennsylvania 11th Daniel J. Flood (D) Resigned January 31, 1980 Ray Musto (D) April 9, 1980
Louisiana 3rd David Treen (R) Resigned March 10, 1980, after being elected Governor of Louisiana Billy Tauzin (D) May 22, 1980
West Virginia 3rd John M. Slack, Jr. (D) Died March 17, 1980 John G. Hutchinson (D) June 30, 1980
Michigan 13th Charles Diggs (D) Resigned June 3, 1980 George W. Crockett, Jr. (D) November 4, 1980
New Mexico 2nd Harold L. Runnels (D) Died August 5, 1980 Vacant Not filled this term
Pennsylvania 1st Michael Myers (D) Expelled October 2, 1980 Vacant Not filled this term
South Carolina 6th John Jenrette (D) Resigned December 10, 1980 Vacant Not filled this term
New Jersey 4th Frank Thompson (D) Resigned December 29, 1980, after being censured by the House of Representatives Vacant Not filled this term

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (2 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]

Employees and legislative agency directors[edit]

Legislative branch agency directors[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]