99th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
99th United States Congress
98th ←
→ 100th
USCapitol.jpg
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1987
Senate President George H. W. Bush (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem Strom Thurmond (R)
House Speaker Tip O'Neill (D)
Members 100 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting members
Senate Majority Republican
House Majority Democratic
Sessions
1st: January 3, 1985 – December 20, 1985
2nd: January 21, 1986 – October 18, 1986

The Ninety-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1985, to January 3, 1987, during the fifth and sixth years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twentieth Census of the United States in 1980. The Republicans maintained control of the Senate, while the Democrats maintained control of the House of Representatives.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party standings on the opening day of the 99th Congress
  47 Democratic Senators
  53 Republican Senators
Affiliation Members
Democratic Party 47
Republican Party 53
Total 100

House of Representatives[edit]

House seats by party holding majority in state
  80–100% Republican
  80–100% Democratic
  60–80% Republican
  60–80% Democratic
  50–60% Republican
  50–60% Democratic
  striped: evenly split
Affiliation Members Voting
share
Democratic Party 253 58.2%
Republican Party 182 41.8%
Total 435

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Caucuses[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators are popularly elected statewide every six years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1986; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1988; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1990.

House of Representatives[edit]

Changes in membership[edit]

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
West Virginia
(2)
Vacant Seat remained vacant at end of previous congress until Sen-elect Rockefeller finished term as Governor of West Virginia. Jay Rockefeller (D) January 15, 1985
North Carolina
(3)
John Porter East (R) Died June 29, 1986. Successor appointed until a special election. Jim Broyhill (R) July 14, 1986
North Carolina
(3)
Jim Broyhill (R) Interim appointee lost special election.
His successor was elected to finish the term.
Terry Sanford (D) November 5, 1986

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Indiana's 8th Disputed House declared McCloskey the winner after auditors from the US General Accounting Office conducted a recount and Republican floor votes were rejected. Frank McCloskey (D) May 1, 1985
Louisiana's 8th Gillis W. Long (D) Died January 20, 1985. Catherine S. Long (D) March 30, 1985
Texas's 1st Sam B. Hall (D) Resigned May 27, 1985, after being appointed judge for the US District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. Jim Chapman (D) August 3, 1985
New York's 6th Joseph P. Addabbo (D) Died April 10, 1986. Alton R. Waldon Jr. (D) June 10, 1986
Hawaii's 1st Cecil Heftel (D) Resigned July 11, 1986. Neil Abercrombie (D) September 20, 1986
North Carolina's 10th Jim Broyhill (R) Resigned July 14, 1986, after being appointed to the U.S. Senate. Cass Ballenger (R) November 4, 1986
Illinois's 4th George M. O'Brien (R) Died July 17, 1986. Vacant Not filled this term
Illinois's 14th John E. Grotberg (R) Died November 15, 1986. Vacant Not filled this term
North Carolina's 3rd Charles O. Whitley (D) Resigned December 31, 1986. Vacant Not filled this term

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]

Employees and legislative agency directors[edit]

Legislative branch agency directors[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]