Autoreview Car Assessment Program

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ARCAP (Autoreview Car Assessment Program) is an automobile safety assessment program founded by the Russian car magazine Autoreview. It was Russia's first independent rating for the passive safety of a car, presenting itself as the local edition of the Euro NCAP program.[1] It also provides exclusive test results on some models not marketed in Europe or North America, such as AvtoVAZ vehicles.[2]

History[edit]

Since 1996, Autoreview has been conducting independent crash tests for cars sold in the Russian market.[3] The early tests did not comply with international car safety testing methodology.[4] In 2001, the first test was carried out according to the rules of EuroNCAP, though only for frontal impact.[5]

At first the score could deviate from testing norms: in 2002 the VAZ-2110, which would have scored only 0.7 points out of 16 by normal testing criteria, was awarded an additional four points to set it apart from the even less safe Izh Oda and VAZ-2106.[3] For similar reasons it was decided to distinguish between cars with low levels of safety, and cars that in addition to being unsafe were structurally unsound.[3]

In 2017, ARCAP agreed to perform a second crash test on the new UAZ Patriot, after the manufacturer had complained about its methodology following a disappointing rating. The second test ultimately assigned the car a similarly low rating.[6]

Methodology and ratings[edit]

According to the results of crash tests (frontal impact of a deformable barrier at 64 km/h with a 40% offset),[7] the car is rated on a scale (0 to 16) following the protocol for the EuroNCAP frontal impact. The score is converted into a star rating, from zero to four stars,[8] that does not coincide with an EuroNCAP rating. By December 2010, over 20 models were assigned a zero-star rating.[9]

Due to a lack of sufficient funds,[3] Euro NCAP standards are applied only in part, as only passive safety is tested, and only for the frontal part of the vehicle.[10] No side crash tests are carried out.[11] Active electronic components such as anti-lock braking systems or electronic stability programs are not considered.[12]

The ratings include symbols for the driver, passenger and car. The car symbol is crossed out in the test result if the impact seriously compromised the structural integrity of the vehicle body. The symbols of the driver and passengers are crossed out where vehicle occupants may be at increased risk of injury to vital organs.[3]

Test facilities[edit]

Tests are conducted in the Dmitrovsky District test grounds of the NAMI research institute,[7] and the Laboratory Impact Testing of AvtoVAZ. The Dmitrovsky test grounds near Moscow and AvtoVAZ are the only facilities in Russia to provide access to acceleration catapults and modern Hybrid III dummies, with the equipment required for their calibration.[3] Outside of Russia, ARCAP uses test grounds of the TÜV SÜD subsidiary in the Czech Republic.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "All You Need to Know About Crash Tests - Motorward". Motorward.com. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Две звезды и меньше. Самые скандальные краш-тесты". Авто Mail.Ru. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "О рейтинге". Авторевю. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Опасный патриотизм: итоги краш-теста УАЗ Патриот". Город Ульяновск - новости и всё о городе (in Russian). Archived from the original on 17 June 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Опции из группы риска". Авто Mail.Ru. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  6. ^ "«Авторевю» рассказало о результатах второго краш-теста обновленного UAZ Patriot". Drom.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 5 February 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  7. ^ a b "LADA Vesta gets maximum score in ARCAP crash test conducted by Autoreview". Automotive World. Archived from the original on 6 October 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  8. ^ "Две звезды и меньше. Самые скандальные краш-тесты". Авто Mail.Ru. Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  9. ^ Alvarez, Fernando (25 December 2010). "Test de choque en Rusia: los Lada Laika y el Niva matan a todos los dummies". Highmotor. Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Легче предотвратить аварию, чем разбираться с последствиями". Центр испытаний "НАМИ". Archived from the original on 6 October 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Lada Vesta Achieves The Maximum 4 Stars At Russian Crash Test". Ultimate Car Blog. 5 February 2016. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  12. ^ Лучников, Антон (21 July 2015). "Почему ответ АвтоВАЗа Кашину не повод для гордости" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 6 October 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Что такое краш-тест Авторевю — Авторевю". Autoreview.ru. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.

External links[edit]