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An abaniko (from the Spanish word abanico, meaning fan) is a type of hand-held fan that originated from the Philippines. The abaniko, together with the baro't saya, is a part of a lady's attire. Various ways of using and holding the abaniko may convey different meanings. For example, an open abaniko that covers the chest area is a sign of modesty while rapid fan movements express the lady's displeasure.[1]

A Mestiza Sangley-Filipina holding a folded abaniko

Abaniko is also the name given to a striking blow, resembling a fanning motion, that is used in the martial art of Eskrima.[2]


The word abaniko is from the Spanish abanico (a fan), a diminutive form of the Portuguese abano, and deriving ultimately from the Latin vannus (a winnowing fan), a word related to ventus (the wind).


  1. ^ http://www.diwa.ph/kaluskos/pdfs/back/81/KLS3_1.pdf[permanent dead link] Kaluskos (Filipino)
  2. ^ Ricketts, Antonio Diego, Christopher (2002). The secrets of kalis Ilustrisimo (1st ed.). Boston: Tuttle Pub. p. 158. ISBN 0-8048-3145-9.