Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni

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Moulana Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni (November 11, 1898 – 1970) was a traditional Islamic scholar, Sufi master, poet, and leader from Pakistan. He was the founder of the Islamic college Jamia-Talimat-e-Islamiya located in Karachi.

Family background[edit]

Badayuni was born in Delhi, India on November 11, 1898. His father, Hakim Abdul Qayyum, died 20 days after he was born. His grandfather, Abdul Majid Qadri, was a Shaikh of Qadri Sufi Order. He received his religious education from his uncle Abdul Qadir, and studied Islamic Medicine in Delhi with Hakim Ajmal Khan. The scholars of Badayun were active in dissemination of their Aqidah in refutation of sects which they considered heretical. He was the great mureed and khalifa of Sayyed ul Aarifeen Khwaja Nasir ud deen.

Education[edit]

Badayuni studied Islamic Sciences at Madrasa Qadiriya and Madrasa Ilahiya, Kanpur. He received ijazat in Silsila e Chishtiya (Sabria)and Qadria from his Sheikh Maulana Muhammad Shafi Khawaja Nasir ud Deen rampuri.

Leader of community[edit]

In the Khilafat Movement, he was a member of the Central Khilafat Committee of Bombay. He took a stand against the Shuddhi movement, which was initiated by Hindu Arya Samajis to reconvert Indian Muslims to Hinduism. Abdul Hamid left the Indian National Congress and joined Markazi Tableeg al-Islam to oppose the Shuddhi Movement and actively worked to prevent the reversion of Muslims to Hinduism with Naeem-ud-Deen Muradabadi, Abdul Hafiz Qadri, Syed Peer Jamaat Ali Shah and Syed Abu al-Hasanat Qadri.

Association with Muslim League[edit]

He was a member of the All India Muslim League Council beginning in 1937. He neutralized the influence of Pro-Congress Deobandi Scholar Hussain Ahmad Madni in Silhat and Bengal in favor of the Muslim League. The resolution for the creation of Pakistan was adopted on March 23, 1940. He spoke in favor of the resolution at Minto Park, Lahore. At the All India Sunni Conference held at Banaras in 1946 and Peer Jamaat Ali Shah declared Muhammad Ali Jinnah a Muslim and Maulana Abdul Hamid supported Syed Jamaat Ali Shah and spoke for more than 3 hours in support of Quid-e-Azam & the Muslim League.[1][2] Badayuni went to Hijaz in 1946 under the leadership of Muhammad Abdul Aleem Siddiqi to request that the Saudi Government end the Hajj Tax and also to explain the mission of the Muslim League to create an independent Pakistan. He visited Haramain Sharifain 22 times and met many Muslim Leaders. He was a founding member of the Council of Islamic Ideology and also held the post of President of Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan which was a prominent body of the Sunni Barelvi movement in Pakistan. He was at the forefront of Majlis-e-Tahaffuz-e-Khatme Nabuwwat and was jailed for three months in Karachi. He believed that non-Muslims should not be made ministers in an Islamic nation.[3] He raised the demand of making Pakistan an Islamic nation and view of Ulama should be given preference over secular law.[4] He was on the forefront of persecuting the Ahmadiyyah and demanded that the Ahmadi should be declared non Muslim,[5] and through All India Muslim league he demanded that Ahmadi should not be made members of the Muslim League.[6]

Works[edit]

He authored many books in Urdu, Arabic & English and wrote devotional poetry.

Death[edit]

Badayuni died in Karachi on July 20, 1970 (15 Jamadi-al-Aula 1390 Hijri) and was buried on the grounds of the Islamic College located on Manghopir Road.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mujahid e Millat Maulana Abdul Hamid Badayuni RA ke Milli wa Siasi Khidmat, Zahooruddin Khan Amritsri published by Idara-e-Pakistan Shanasi lahore [1]
  2. ^ "Pioneer of Freedom (Series)". pakpost.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
  3. ^ Sukhawant Singh Bindra (1988). Determinants of Pakistan's Foreign Policy. Deep & Deep Publications. pp. 158–. ISBN 978-81-7100-070-8.
  4. ^ M. G. Chitkara (1997). Human Rights in Pakistan. APH Publishing. pp. 158–. ISBN 978-81-7024-820-0.
  5. ^ Wilson John (2009). Pakistan: The Struggle Within. Pearson Education India. pp. 96–. ISBN 978-81-317-2504-7.
  6. ^ Ayesha Jalal (4 January 2002). Self and Sovereignty: Individual and Community in South Asian Islam Since 1850. Routledge. pp. 447–. ISBN 978-1-134-59937-0.

Further reading[edit]

  • Tadhkira Akabir Ahle Sunnat, Muhammad Abdul Hakim Sharaf Qadri
  • Maulana Abdul Hamid Badayuni: Hyat aur Qaumi wa Milli Khidmat, Maulana Syed Muhammad Faruq Ahmad Qadri
  • Hyat Mujahid e Millat, Dr. Nasiruddin Siddiqui
  • Mujahid e Millat Maulana Abdul Hamid Badayuni RA ke Milli wa Siasi Khidmat, Zahooruddin Khan Amratsri