Abraham K. Allison
Abraham Kurkindolle Allison
|6th Governor of Florida|
April 1, 1865 – May 19, 1865
|Preceded by||John Milton|
|Succeeded by||William Marvin|
|Member of the Florida House of Representatives|
|Born||December 10, 1814|
Jones County, Georgia
|Died||July 8, 1893 (aged 78)|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Jane Nathans (1822-1850) Elizabeth Susan Coleman (1838-1895)|
Abraham Kurkindolle Allison (December 10, 1814 – July 8, 1893) was a Florida businessman and politician. He served in the Florida Territorial Legislature and the Florida State House of Representatives. He served as the sixth Governor of Florida, at the end of the American Civil War.
Allison was born in Jones County, Georgia, on December 10, 1814, to Captain James and Sarah Fannin Allison. After he graduated from school, he worked as a merchant in Columbus, Georgia, and in Henry County, Alabama. He then moved to Apalachicola, Florida, where he served as the city's first mayor. He also served as the first county judge of Franklin County and as Clerk of the United States Court. He was a member of the Territorial Legislature. In the Seminole War, he was captain of the Franklin Rifles. He moved to Quincy, Gadsden County in 1839 and there commenced the practice of law.
Early political career
He was again elected to the Territorial Legislature, and represented Gadsden County in the State Legislature in 1845, 1847 and 1852. As Speaker of the House, he assumed the duties of acting Governor on September 16, 1853, because both Governor Thomas Brown and Senate President R. J. Floyd were out of the state. He gave up the office on the inauguration of James E. Broome on October 3. Allison did not exercise executive powers and merely held himself in readiness should a need arise.
Governorship and later life
After Governor John Milton died on April 1, 1865 either from an accident or suicide, Allison, as the state senate president, assumed the office of Governor. He resigned his office on May 19, 1865, and went into hiding the day before Federal troops formally occupied Tallahassee. He was captured by Union forces on June 19, 1865, and held for several months at Fort Pulaski.
After his release, he returned to Quincy to practice law. During the election of 1870, Allison led a band of armed men to block black voters from the polls until they closed. This nearly eliminated the Republican majority in Gadsden County. In 1872, he was convicted of "intimidating Negroes" for this incident and jailed for six months and fined.
He died in Quincy, Florida, on July 8, 1893.
- verified by census records of 1850, 1870, 1880 and 1885
- Morris pg. 299
- Bruce Hunt (January 2009). Florida's Finest Inns and Bed & Breakfasts. Pineapple Press Inc. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-56164-437-7. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
- Shofner, Jerrell H. (1974). Nor Is It Over Yet: Florida in the Era of Reconstruction, 1863-1877. University Presses of Florida. pp. 214. ISBN 0-8130-0353-9.
- Official Governor's portrait and biography from the State of Florida
- Morris, Allen and Joan Perry Morris, compilers. The Florida Handbook 2007-2008 31st Biennial Edition. Page 309. Peninsula Publishing. Tallahassee. 2007. ISBN 978-0-9765846-1-2 Softcover ISBN 978-0-9765846-2-9 Hardcover
| Governor of Florida
April 1, 1865 – May 19, 1865