Accession of Serbia to the European Union

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Serbian EU accession bid
Serbia EU accession logo.svg
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Status
Negotiating
Chapter Progress
5.9% complete
Screening Progress
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Website
Statistics
EU averageSerbia
PPP GDP ($M)552,780122,750
PPP per capita ($)40,60017,555
Area (km2)165,04888,361
Population18,583,5987,020,858
Coat of arms of Serbia small.svg
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The accession of Serbia to the European Union (EU) has been on the current agenda for the future enlargement of the EU since 2011, when it became a candidate for accession. Serbia officially applied for European Union membership on 22 December 2009. Accession negotiations are currently ongoing. Serbia is expected to complete its negotiations by the end of 2023, allowing it to join the Union by 2025.[1]

Serbia is currently receiving €2.9bn of developmental aid until 2020 from the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance, a funding mechanism for EU candidate countries. It is one of five current EU candidate countries, together with Albania, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Turkey.  

Identification, Recommendation, and Candidacy[edit]

Negotiations with the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (later the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro) intensified following the Bulldozer Revolution in 2000, and the EU officially declared the Balkan states potential candidates for membership following the EU-Western Balkans Summit in Thessaloniki on 21 June 2003.[2]

On 7 November 2007, Serbia initiated a Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Union. The European Commission recommended making Serbia an official candidate on 12 October 2011. After the Council's recommendation of 28 February 2012, Serbia received full candidate status on 1 March. In December 2013, the Council of the European Union approved opening negotiations for Serbia's accession.

Chronology of relations with the EU[edit]

Timeline
Date Event
1998 Regional Approach: the EU Council of Ministers establishes political and economic conditionality for the development of bilateral relations.
June 2003 At the Thessaloniki Summit, the Stabilisation and Association Process is confirmed as the EU policy for the Western Balkans. The EU perspective for these countries is confirmed.
October 2004 European Council conclusions open up a process for a Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SSA).
October 2005 Negotiations for a Stabilisation and Association Agreement are launched.
3 May 2006 SAA negotiations called off due to lack of progress on cooperation with the ICTY.
13 June 2007 SAA negotiations with Serbia resumed, following a clear commitment by the country to achieve full cooperation with the ICTY.
1 November 2007 Serbia's SAA is initialed.
1 January 2008 Entry into force of the Visa Facilitation and Readmission Agreement between Serbia and the EU.
18 February 2008 Council adopts revised European partnership for Serbia.
29 April 2008 The Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) and Interim agreement on trade and trade-related issues between Serbia and the EU are signed in Luxembourg.
19 December 2008 Visa requirement lifted for Serbs travelling to Schengen countries.
22 December 2009 Serbia officially applies for membership in the European Union.
14 June 2010 EU members decide to start SAA ratification process
31 January 2011 Serbia replies to Commission questionnaire
14 October 2011 European Commission delivers its Opinion on Serbia's EU membership application, granting candidate status based on one key priority.
1 March 2012 European Council grants Serbia official candidate status for EU membership
28 June 2013 European Council endorsed the Commission's recommendation to open negotiations with Serbia
1 September 2013 Entry into force of the EU-Serbia Stabilisation and Association Agreement
Status of SAA ratification
Event North Macedonia [3] Croatia [4] Albania [5] Montenegro [6][Note 1] Bosnia and
Herzegovina
[8]
Serbia [9][Note 2] Kosovo* [10][Note 3]
SAA negotiations start 2000-04-05 2000-11-24 2003-01-31 2005-10-10 2005-11-25 2005-10-10 2013-10-28[12]
SAA initialled 2000-11-24 2001-05-14 2006-02-28 2007-03-15 2007-12-04 2007-11-07 2014-07-25[13]
SAA/IA signature 2001-04-09 2001-10-29 2006-06-12 2007-10-15 2008-06-16 2008-04-29 2015-10-27[14]
Interim Agreement:
EC ratification 2001-04-27 2002-01-30 2006-06-12 2007-10-15 2008-06-16 2009-12-08 N/A [Note 4]
SAP state ratification 2001-04-27 2002-01-30 2006-10-09 2007-11-14 2008-06-20 2008-09-22 N/A [Note 4]
entry into force 2001-06-01 2002-03-01 2006-12-01 2008-01-01 2008-07-01 2010-02-01 N/A [Note 4]
Deposit of the instrument of ratification:
SAP state 2001-04-27 2002-01-30 2006-11-09 2007-11-13 2009-02-26 2008-09-22 2016-02-26
Austria 2002-09-06 2002-03-15 2008-05-21 2008-07-04 2009-09-04 2011-01-13 N/A
Belgium 2003-12-29 2003-12-17 2008-10-22 2010-03-29 2010-03-29 2012-03-20 N/A
Bulgaria entered the EU later 2008-05-30 2009-03-13 2010-08-12 N/A
Croatia entered the EU later N/A
Cyprus entered the EU later 2008-05-30 2008-11-20 2009-07-02 2010-11-26 N/A
Czech Republic entered the EU later 2008-05-07 2009-02-19 2009-07-23 2011-01-28 N/A
Denmark 2002-04-10 2002-05-08 2008-04-24 2008-06-25 2009-05-26 2011-03-04 N/A
Estonia entered the EU later 2007-10-17 2007-11-22 2008-09-11 2010-08-19 N/A
Finland 2004-01-06 2004-01-06 2007-11-29 2009-03-18 2009-04-07 2011-10-21 N/A
France 2003-06-04 2003-06-04 2009-02-12 2009-07-30 2011-02-10 2012-01-16 N/A
Germany 2002-06-20 2002-10-18 2009-02-19 2009-11-16 2009-08-14 2012-02-24 N/A
Greece 2003-08-27 2003-08-27 2009-02-26 2010-03-04 2010-09-20 2011-03-10 N/A
Hungary entered the EU later 2007-04-23 2008-05-14 2008-10-22 2010-11-16 N/A
Ireland 2002-05-06 2002-05-06 2007-06-11 2009-06-04 2009-06-04 2011-09-29 N/A
Italy 2003-10-30 2004-10-06 2008-01-07 2009-10-13 2010-09-08 2011-01-06 N/A
Latvia entered the EU later 2006-12-19 2008-10-17 2009-11-12 2011-05-30 N/A
Lithuania entered the EU later 2007-05-17 2009-03-04 2009-05-04 2013-06-26 N/A
Luxembourg 2003-07-28 2003-08-01 2007-07-04 2009-06-11 2010-12-22 2011-01-21 N/A
Malta entered the EU later 2008-04-21 2008-12-11 2010-01-07 2010-07-06 N/A
Netherlands 2002-09-09 2004-04-30 2007-12-10 2009-01-29 2009-09-30 2012-02-27 N/A
Poland entered the EU later 2007-04-14 2009-02-06 2010-04-07 2012-01-13 N/A
Portugal 2003-07-14 2003-07-14 2008-07-11 2008-09-23 2009-06-29 2011-03-04 N/A
Romania entered the EU later 2009-01-15 2010-01-08 2012-05-22 N/A
Slovakia entered the EU later 2007-07-20 2008-07-29 2009-03-17 2010-11-11 N/A
Slovenia entered the EU later 2007-01-18 2008-02-07 2009-03-10 2010-12-07 N/A
Spain 2002-10-04 2002-10-04 2007-05-03 2009-03-12 2010-06-15 2010-06-21 N/A
Sweden 2002-06-25 2003-03-27 2007-03-21 2009-03-11 2009-09-14 2011-04-15 N/A
United Kingdom 2002-12-17 2004-09-03 2007-10-16 2010-01-12 2010-04-20 2011-08-11 N/A
European Communities or
European Union and Euratom
2004-02-25 2004-12-21 2009-02-26 2010-03-29 2015-04-30 2013-07-22 2016-02-24 [Note 5]
SAA entry into force 2004-04-01 2005-02-01 2009-04-01 2010-05-01 2015-06-01 2013-09-01 2016-04-01[18]
EU membership (SAA lapsed) (TBD) 2013-07-01 (TBD) (TBD) (TBD) (TBD) (TBD)

N/A: Not applicable.

  1. ^ Montenegro started negotiations in November 2005 while a part of Serbia and Montenegro (SiM). Separate technical negotiations were conducted regarding issues of sub-state organizational competency. A mandate for direct negotiations with Montenegro was established in July 2006. Direct negotiations were initiated on 26 September 2006 and concluded on 1 December 2006.[7]
  2. ^ Serbia started negotiations in November 2005 while part of SiM, with a modified mandate from July 2006.
  3. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states, while 12 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition. The European Union remains divided on its policy towards Kosovo, with five EU member states not recognizing its independence. The EU launched a Stabilisation Tracking Mechanism for Kosovo on 6 November 2002 with the aim of aligning its policy with EU standards. On 10 October 2012 the European Commission found that there were no legal obstacles to Kosovo signing a SAA with the EU, as independence is not required for such an agreement.[11]
  4. ^ a b c No Interim Agreement associated with Kosovo's SAA was concluded.[15]
  5. ^ Kosovo's SAA was the first signed after the entry into force of the Lisbon treaty, which conferred a legal personality to the EU. As a result, unlike previous SAAs Kosovo's is exclusively between it and the EU and Euratom, and the member states are not parties independently.[12][16][17]
25 September 2013 Screening of the acquis started.
17 December 2013 Council adopted the negotiating framework with Serbia and agreed to hold the 1st Intergovernmental Conference with Serbia in January 2014
21 January 2014 1st EU-Serbia Intergovernmental Conference held, signaling official start of negotiations.
25 March 2015 All EU acquis screenings are completed.
14 December 2015 Opening of Chapters 32 "financial control" and 35 "other issues - Item 1: Normalisation of relations between Serbia and Kosovo*"
18 July 2016 Opening of Chapters 23 "Judiciary and fundamental rights" and 24 "Justice, freedom and security"
13 December 2016 Opening of Chapters 5, Public procurement, and 25, Science and Research. Chapter 25, Science and Research, provisionally closed.
27 February 2017 Opening of Chapters 20, Enterprise and industrial policy, and 26, Education and culture. Chapter 26, Education and culture, provisionally closed.
20 June 2017 Opening of Chapters 7, Intellectual property law, and 29, Customs Union.
11 December 2017 Opening of Chapters 6, Company law, and 30, External relations.
25 June 2018 Opening of Chapters 13, Fisheries, and 33, Financial and budgetary provisions.
10 December 2018 Opening of Chapters 17, Economic and monetary policy, and 18, Statistics.
27 June 2019 Opening of Chapter 9, Financial services

Visa liberalisation process[edit]

On 1 January 2008, the Visa Facilitation and Readmission Agreement between Serbia and the EU came into effect. On 19 December 2008, Visa requirements were lifted for Serbs travelling to Schengen countries.

Serbia and Kosovo[edit]

The biggest obstacle between Serbia's accession to the EU is its strained relationship with its former territory of Kosovo[citation needed], which declared its independence on 17 February 2008.

The Serbian government has declared that the status of Kosovo should not be tied with the EU negotiations. In September 2012, the EU Enlargement Commissioner, Štefan Füle, denied that the European Union would insist on Serbia's recognition of Kosovo before it can join the organisation.[19]

On 19 April 2013, the governments of Kosovo and Serbia completed the Brussels Agreement, which was hailed as a major step towards normalising relations and enabled the start of EU accession talks with Serbia.[20] On 22 April 2013, the European Commission recommended the start of EU entry talks with Serbia.[21]

In November 2013, Kosovo's Minister of Foreign Affairs Enver Hoxhaj suggested that the EU should approve the accession of Kosovo and Serbia simultaneously due to concerns that if Serbia was admitted first they could veto Kosovo's membership.[22] However, Serbia's accession negotiations were not halted.

Negotiation progress[edit]

Screening and Chapter Dates
Progression 34 / 34
100% complete
34 / 34
100% complete
17 / 34
50% complete
2 / 34
5.9% complete
Acquis chapter Screening Started Screening Completed Chapter Opened Chapter Closed
Overview 34 out of 34 34 out of 34 17 out of 34 2 out of 34
1. Free Movement of Goods 2014-06-17 2014-09-12
2. Freedom of Movement For Workers 2014-01-23 2014-03-25
3. Right of Establishment & Freedom To Provide Services 2014-01-30 2014-03-13
4. Free Movement of Capital 2014-10-13 2014-12-15
5. Public Procurement 2014-03-21 2014-05-13 2016-12-13
6. Company Law 2014-12-11 2015-02-05 2017-12-11
7. Intellectual Property Law 2014-09-24 2014-11-13 2017-06-20
8. Competition Policy 2014-03-31 2014-11-05
9. Financial Services 2015-01-21 2015-03-17 2019-06-27
10. Information Society & Media 2014-05-22 2014-07-02
11. Agriculture & Rural Development 2014-03-18 2014-09-16
12. Food Safety, Veterinary & Phytosanitary Policy 2014-02-03 2014-10-24
13. Fisheries 2014-09-30 2014-11-14 2018-06-25
14. Transport Policy 2014-12-16 2015-02-27
15. Energy 2014-04-29 2014-06-12
16. Taxation 2014-10-14 2015-03-06
17. Economic & Monetary Policy 2014-12-02 2015-03-12 2018-12-10
18. Statistics 2014-05-20 2014-11-26 2018-12-10
19. Social Policy & Employment 2014-02-10 2014-06-26
20. Enterprise & Industrial Policy 2014-04-03 2014-07-02 2017-02-27
21. Trans-European Networks 2014-04-29 2015-02-27
22. Regional Policy & Coordination of Structural Instruments 2014-10-01 2015-01-29
23. Judiciary & Fundamental Rights 2013-09-25 2013-12-10 2016-07-18
24. Justice, Freedom & Security 2013-10-02 2013-12-13 2016-07-18
25. Science & Research 2014-10-06 2014-12-01 2016-12-13 2016-12-13
26. Education & Culture 2014-02-20 2014-04-04 2017-02-27 2017-02-27
27. Environment 2014-09-15 2014-11-21
28. Consumer & Health Protection 2014-12-04 2015-02-04
29. Customs Union 2014-03-26 2014-06-04 2017-06-20
30. External Relations 2014-07-02 2014-10-09 2017-12-11
31. Foreign, Security & Defence Policy 2014-07-15 2014-10-10
32. Financial Control 2013-10-17 2013-11-26 2015-12-14
33. Financial & Budgetary Provisions 2015-01-27 2015-03-24 2018-06-25
34. Institutions
35. Other Issues: Relations with Kosovo* 2014-01-22 2015-03-25 2015-12-14
Progression 34 / 34
100% complete
34 / 34
100% complete
17 / 34
50% complete
2 / 34
5.9% complete
Legend
Latest EC Assessment
Progression Some level of preparation
5 / 34

Further efforts needed
1 / 34

Moderately prepared
22 / 34

Good level of preparation
6 / 34
17 Unopened Chapters

15 Open Chapters

2 Closed Chapters

5.9% complete
Acquis chapter Status as of May 2019 Chapter Status
1. Free Movement of Goods Moderately prepared Unopened
2. Freedom of Movement For Workers Moderately prepared Unopened
3. Right of Establishment & Freedom To Provide Services Moderately prepared Unopened
4. Free Movement of Capital Moderately prepared Unopened
5. Public Procurement Moderately prepared Open
6. Company Law Good level of preparation Open
7. Intellectual Property Law Good level of preparation Open
8. Competition Policy Moderately prepared Unopened
9. Financial Services Moderately prepared Open
10. Information Society & Media Moderately prepared Unopened
11. Agriculture & Rural Development Some level of preparation Unopened
12. Food Safety, Veterinary & Phytosanitary Policy Moderately prepared Unopened
13. Fisheries Moderately prepared Open
14. Transport Policy Good level of preparation Unopened
15. Energy Moderately prepared Unopened
16. Taxation Moderately prepared Unopened
17. Economic & Monetary Policy Moderately prepared Open
18. Statistics Moderately prepared Open
19. Social Policy & Employment Moderately prepared Unopened
20. Enterprise & Industrial Policy Moderately prepared Open
21. Trans-European Networks Moderately prepared Unopened
22. Regional Policy & Coordination of Structural Instruments Moderately prepared Unopened
23. Judiciary & Fundamental Rights Some level of preparation Open
24. Justice, Freedom & Security Some level of preparation Open
25. Science & Research Good level of preparation Chapter Closed
26. Education & Culture Good level of preparation Chapter Closed
27. Environment & Climate Change Some level of preparation Unopened
28. Consumer & Health Protection Moderately prepared Unopened
29. Customs Union Good level of preparation Open
30. External Relations Moderately prepared Open
31. Foreign, Security & Defence Policy Moderately prepared Unopened
32. Financial Control Moderately prepared Open
33. Financial & Budgetary Provisions Some level of preparation Open
34. Institutions Nothing to adopt Nothing to Adopt
35. Other Issues Further efforts needed Open
Past Assessments
Acquis chapter EC Assessment in 2010[23] EC Assessment in 2012[24] EC Assessment in 2013[25] EC Assessment in 2014[26] EC Assessment in 2015[27] EC Assessment in 2016[28] EC Assessment in 2018[29] EC Assessment in 2019[30]
1. Free Movement of Goods Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
2. Freedom of Movement For Workers Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
3. Right of Establishment & Freedom To Provide Services Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
4. Free Movement of Capital Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
5. Public Procurement Considerable efforts needed Considerable efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
6. Company Law Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Good level of preparation Good level of preparation Good level of preparation Good level of preparation
7. Intellectual Property Law Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Good level of preparation Good level of preparation Good level of preparation Good level of preparation
8. Competition Policy Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Good level of preparation Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
9. Financial Services Considerable efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
10. Information Society & Media Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
11. Agriculture & Rural Development Early stage Early stage Considerable efforts needed Considerable efforts needed Early stage Some level of preparation Some level of preparation Some level of preparation
12. Food Safety, Veterinary & Phytosanitary Policy Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
13. Fisheries Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
14. Transport Policy Some level of preparation Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Good level of preparation Good level of preparation
15. Energy Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
16. Taxation Further efforts needed Considerable efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
17. Economic & Monetary Policy Further efforts needed Considerable efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
18. Statistics Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
19. Social Policy & Employment Some level of preparation Some level of preparation Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
20. Enterprise & Industrial Policy Some level of preparation Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
21. Trans-European Networks Considerable efforts needed Considerable efforts needed Considerable efforts needed Some level of preparation Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
22. Regional Policy & Coordination of Structural Instruments Considerable efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
23. Judiciary & Fundamental Rights Considerable efforts needed Some level of preparation Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Some level of preparation Some level of preparation Some level of preparation Some level of preparation
24. Justice, Freedom & Security Considerable efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Some level of preparation Some level of preparation Some level of preparation Some level of preparation
25. Science & Research Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Good level of preparation Good level of preparation Good level of preparation Good level of preparation
26. Education & Culture Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Some level of preparation Good level of preparation Good level of preparation Good level of preparation Good level of preparation
27. Environment Early stage Considerable efforts needed Considerable efforts needed Some level of preparation Early stage Some level of preparation Some level of preparation Some level of preparation
28. Consumer & Health Protection Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
29. Customs Union Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Good level of preparation Good level of preparation Good level of preparation
30. External Relations Some level of preparation Some level of preparation Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
31. Foreign, Security & Defence Policy Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Further efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
32. Financial Control Early stage Early stage Considerable efforts needed Considerable efforts needed Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared Moderately prepared
33. Financial & Budgetary Provisions Early stage Early stage Early stage Early stage Early stage Early stage Early stage Some level of preparation
34. Institutions Nothing to adopt Nothing to adopt Nothing to adopt Nothing to adopt Nothing to adopt Nothing to adopt Nothing to adopt Nothing to adopt
35. Other Issues: Relations with Kosovo* Early stage Early stage Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed Further efforts needed

Public opinion[edit]

The results of opinion polling vary drastically depending on the question asked. An August 2017 poll recorded that 51.2% were in favour of joining the EU, 36.3% were against and 12.5% undecided. However, the same poll also asked: "if recognising the independence of Kosovo were a condition of joining the EU, do you think that condition should be accepted?", to which 12.1% answered yes, 70.6% no and 17.3% were undecided.[31]

Serbian government's Office for EU Integration data
Date Question Yes No Undecided
September 2002[32] Join EU? 68% 13% 19%
December 2003[32] Join EU? 72% 8% 20%
September 2004[32] Join EU? 71% 12% 17%
September 2005[32] Join EU? 64% 12% 24%
September 2006[32] Join EU? 70% 12% 18%
June 2007[33] Join EU? 69% 15% 15%
June 2008[34] Join EU? 67% 12% 21%
October 2008[34] Join EU? 65% % %
December 2008[35] Join EU? 61% 13% 26%
May 2009[36] Join EU? 61% 17% 22%
December 2009[37] Join EU? 65% 14% 21%
June 2010[38] Join EU? 65% 15% 20%
December 2010[39] Join EU? 57% 18% 25%
May 2011[34] Join EU? 55% 27% 18%
June 2011[40][41] Join EU? 53% 24% 23%
September 2011[42][43] Join EU? 46% 37% 17%
December 2011[44][45] Join EU? 51% 28% 21%
December 2012[46] Join EU? 41% 31% 27%
July 2013[47] Join EU? 50% 24% 26%
December 2013[48] Join EU? 51% 22% 27%
June 2014[49] Join EU? 46% 19% 35%
December 2014[50] Join EU? 44% 25% 31%
June 2015[51] Join EU? 49% 28% 23%
December 2015[52] Join EU? 48% 28% 24%
June 2016[53] Join EU? 41% 24% 35%
December 2016[54] Join EU? 47% 29% 24%
June 2017[55] Join EU? 49% 27% 24%
December 2017[56] Join EU? 52% 24% 24%
July 2018[57] Join EU? 55% 21% 24%
December 2018[58] Join EU? 55% 25% 20%
Other Sources on Serbian Support for EU Accession
Date Agency Question Yes No Undecided
2006[59] Gallup Balkan Monitor Join EU? 61% % %
October 2008[60] Strategic Marketing Join EU? 61% % %
November 2010[61] Gallup Balkan Monitor Join EU? 63% % %
March 2012[62] B92/Ipsos Strategic Marketing Join EU? 49% 34% 5%
July 2013[63] Ipsos Strategic Marketing Join EU? 53% % %
December 2014[64] EU Delegation to Serbia Join EU? 57% 28% 15%
December 2014[65] Eurobarometer Join EU? 58% 26% 16%
August 2017[66] NSPM Join EU? 51.2% 36.3% 12.5%

Impact of joining[edit]

Member countries Population [67] Area (km²) GDP
(billion US$) [68]
GDP
per capita (US$) [69]
Languages
Serbia Serbia 7,058,320 88,361 38.30 5,426 Serbian
EU28 511,360,930 4,381,376 16,491.32 32,249 24
EU28+1 518,419,250
(+1.38%)
4,469,737
(+2.02%)
16,529.62
(+0.23%)
31,884
(-1.13%)
25
(+1)
EU27 (without UK) 452,396,977 4,138,881 24
EU27+1 (without UK, with Serbia) 459,455,297
(+1.54%)
4,227,242
(+2.09%)
25
(+1)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nacrt Stretegije za proširenje EU" (in Serbian).
  2. ^ "Eu-Western Balkans Summit Thessaloniki, 21 June 2003 Press Release". europa.eu. 21 June 2003. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  3. ^ "SAA Agreement with Macedonia". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  4. ^ "SAA Agreement with Croatia". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  5. ^ "SAA Agreement with Albania". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  6. ^ "SAA Agreement with Montenegro". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  7. ^ "EU, Montenegro complete negotiations on pre-membership deal to bring country closer to bloc". International Herald Tribune. The Associated Press. 1 December 2006. Archived from the original on 25 September 2008. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
  8. ^ "SAA Agreement with Bosnia". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  9. ^ "SAA Agreement with Serbia". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  10. ^ "SAA Agreement with Kosovo*". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Feasibility Study for a Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Union and Kosovo" (PDF). European Commission. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  12. ^ a b "EU starts the Stabilisation and Association Agreement negotiations with Kosovo". European Commission. 28 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  13. ^ "Stabilization and Association Agreement is initialled". Ministry of European Integration of the Republic of Kosovo. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  14. ^ "Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Union and Kosovo signed". European Commission. 27 October 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Kosovo to negotiate on Stabilisation and Association Agreement". 27 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  16. ^ "Stabilisation and Association Agreement negotiations successfully completed". European External Action Service. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  17. ^ "Kosovo Launches Crucial SAA Talks With EU". Balkan Insight. 28 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  18. ^ "Information relating to the entry into force of the Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, of the one part, and Kosovo (*), of the other part". EUR-Lex. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
  19. ^ "EU: Serbia Does Not Have to Recognize Kosovo :: Balkan Insight". www.balkaninsight.com. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  20. ^ "EU Commission recommends start of Serbia membership talks". Reuters. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  21. ^ Pawlak, Justyna (22 April 2013). "EU Commission recommends start of Serbia membership talks". Reuters. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  22. ^ "Hoxhaj: 2013, vit i suksesshëm i politikës së jashtme". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  23. ^ "SERBIA 2010 PROGRESS REPORT" (PDF). European Commission. 9 November 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  24. ^ "SERBIA 2012 PROGRESS REPORT" (PDF). European Commission. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  25. ^ "SERBIA 2013 PROGRESS REPORT" (PDF). European Commission. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  26. ^ "SERBIA 2014 PROGRESS REPORT" (PDF). European Commission. 8 October 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  27. ^ "SERBIA 2015 PROGRESS REPORT" (PDF). European Commission. 10 November 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  28. ^ "Serbia 2016 Report" (PDF). European Commission. 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
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Further reading[edit]

  • Radojičić, Mirjana S. (2015). "Evropska unija i Kosovsko pitanje - međunarodno-etička perspektiva". Zbornik Radova Filozofskog Fakulteta U Prištini. 45 (1): 167–184. doi:10.5937/zrffp45-7157.
  • Samardžić, Slobodan (2009). Samardžić, Slobodan (ed.). "The Kosovo-Metohija problem from the European integrations angle". Serbia in the European Union Association Process, Službeni Glasnik: 193–238.
  • Jovanović Nadica; Gardašević Jovana; Vapa-Tankosić Jelena (2015). "Strategija procesa proširenja Evropske unije i društveno-ekonomski efekti integracije Republike Srbije". Poslovna Ekonomija. 9 (2): 191–212.
  • Gajić, Tamara (2015). "Ulazak Srbije u EU, civilno društvo i politička kultura". Politikon. 10: 119–131.

External links[edit]