Adherbal (king of Numidia)

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Adherbal (Punic: 𐤀𐤃𐤓𐤁𐤏𐤋, ʿDRBʾL),[1] son of Micipsa and grandson of Masinissa, was a king of Numidia between 118 and 112 BC.[2] He inherited the throne after the death of his father, and ruled jointly with his younger brother Hiempsal, and Jugurtha, the nephew of Masinissa. After the murder of his brother by Jugurtha, Adherbal fled to Rome and was restored to his share of the kingdom by the Romans in 117, with Jugurtha ruling his brother's former share. But Adherbal was again stripped of his dominions by Jugurtha and besieged in Cirta, where he was killed by Jugurtha in 112, although he had placed himself under the protection of the Romans.[3][4][5]

François Joseph Lagrange-Chancel's 1694 French play Adherbal, King of Numidia, is based on his story.

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Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Huss (1985), p. 559.
  2. ^ Smith, William (1867), "Adherbal (3)", in Smith, William (ed.), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, Boston, MA, p. 19
  3. ^ Sallust, Bellum Jugurthinum 5, 13, 14, 24, 25, 26
  4. ^ Livy, Ep. 63
  5. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 34-35.31

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