Admiralen-class destroyer

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Admiralen class
HNLMS Evertsen SLV Green.jpg
HNLMS Evertsen
Class overview
Name: Admiralen class
Operators:  Royal Netherlands Navy
Preceded by: Wolf class
Succeeded by: Gerard Callenburgh class
Built: 1926–1930
In commission: 1928–1942
Completed: 8
Lost: 8
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement:
  • 1,316 tons standard
  • 1,640 tons full load
Length: 98 m (321 ft 6 in)
Beam: 9.53 m (31 ft 3 in)
Draught: 2.97 m (9 ft 9 in)
Propulsion:
  • 2 shaft, Parsons geared turbines
  • 3 Yarrow type boilers
  • 23,000 kW (31,000 hp)
Speed: 36 kn (67 km/h)
Range: 3,200 nmi (5,900 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)
Complement: 129 (120 in second group)
Aircraft carried: 1 × Van Berkel W-A
General characteristics First group
Armament:
  • 4 × 120 mm (4.7 in) no. 4 Bofors guns (4 × 1)
  • 2 × 75 mm (3 in) no. 6 AA guns
  • 4 × 13 mm (.5 in) Browning machine guns
  • 6 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (2 × 3)
General characteristics Second group
Armament:
  • 4 × 120 mm (4.7 in) no. 5 HIH Siderius guns (4 × 1)
  • 1 × 75 mm (3 in) no. 7 (VG, WW) and no. 8 AA HIH Siderius (BK, VN) guns
  • 4 × 40 mm (1.6 in) no. 1 Vickers AA guns
  • 4 × 13 mm (.5 in) Browning machine guns
  • 6 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (2 × 3)
HNLMS Van Galen

The Admiralen class were eight destroyers built for the Royal Netherlands Navy between 1926 and 1931. All ships fought in World War II and were scuttled or sunk.

Design[edit]

These ships were built in the Netherlands with assistance from the British company Yarrow (at that time the leading builder of destroyers in the world). The Dutch ships were based on the British destroyer HMS Ambuscade. A novel feature was the provision of a seaplane for scouting. There was however no catapult, the plane being lowered into the sea by a crane.

The differences between the two groups were minor; the second group was fitted for minesweeping rather than mine laying, and they carried one less 75-millimetre (3 in) gun for 30 tons of fuel.[1]

Design[edit]

Between 1925 and 1928 eight new destroyers were laid down to replace the Wolf-class destroyers. The design came from Yarrow & Co, they based it on HMS Ambuscade and HMS Amazon. The Royal Netherlands Navy took the Yarrow & Co design and made some minor changes.

The first group was fitted with four 120mm no. 4 Bofors guns, while the second group was fitted with four 120mm no. 5 HIH Siderius guns. The main differences are the mounts used and the no. 4 were able to elevate between −5 and +30 degrees while the no. 5 guns could elevate between −5 and +35 degrees, giving a range of 19,500 meters.[2]

The second group was equipped with 40mm no. 1 Vickers AA guns, however these guns had problems firing at higher angles; the guns would malfunction or not fire at all. Because of this the ships of this group could use only their single 75mm AA gun against targets above 1000 meters. After 12 years of ignoring this issue it was finally solved in 1939 by stiffening the guns, however when Germany invaded the Netherlands started in May 1940 this issue wasn't solved for the surface ships of the Royal Netherlands Navy.

Ships[edit]

Admiralen-class destroyers
Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Builder Fate
First group
Van Ghent
ex-De Ruyter
28 August 1925 23 October 1926 31 May 1928 KM de Schelde Served in the Netherlands East Indies as part of Admiral Karel Doorman's command. Ran aground and was scuttled on 15 February 1942.
Evertsen 5 August 1925 29 December 1926 12 April 1928 Burgerhout Served in the Far East. Sunk by the Imperial Japanese Navy on 1 March 1942.
Kortenaer 24 August 1925 30 June 1927 3 September 1928 Burgerhout Served in the Far East. Sunk by a torpedo from the Japanese cruiser Haguro during the Battle of the Java Sea on 27 February 1942.
Piet Hein 26 August 1925 2 April 1927 25 January 1928 Burgerhout Served in the Far East. Sunk by Japanese destroyers during the Battle of Badung Strait on 19 February 1942.
Second group
Van Galen 28 May 1927 28 June 1928 22 October 1929 Fijenoord Based in the Netherlands at the start of World War II, the ship was dispatched to help with the defence of Rotterdam. Targeted by German bombers in the narrow river she suffered bomb damage and sank on 10 May 1940. The wreck was salvaged and scrapped by the Germans.
Witte de With 28 May 1927 11 September 1928 20 February 1930 Fijenoord Scuttled on 2 March 1942 on account of damage incurred during the Battle of the Java Sea.
Banckert 15 August 1928 14 November 1929 14 November 1930 Burgerhout Damaged by Japanese bombers and scuttled in Surabaya dockyard. Salvaged by the Japanese, but not repaired and returned to the Dutch after the war. Sunk as a target in September 1949.
Van Nes 15 August 1928 20 March 1930 12 March 1931 Burgerhout Sunk after a two-hour battle by Japanese aircraft on 17 February 1942, while escorting a refugee ship (which was also sunk).

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Conway's 1922–46, p. 390.
  2. ^ Visser, Jan. "12 cm Mark 4, 5, 6 and 7". netherlandsnavy.nl. Retrieved 4 July 2017.

References[edit]

  • Gardiner, Robert; Chesneau, Roger, eds. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1922–1946. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0851771467. OCLC 7734153.
  • Whitley, M.J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Cassell Publishing. ISBN 1-85409-521-8.
  • Goossens, A.M.A. (2007), Het Staatsbedrijf der Artillerie Inrichtingen, p. 9

External links[edit]