Affiliated High School of Peking University

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
High School of Peking University
北京大学附属中学
Location

,
100080

Coordinates39°58′38″N 116°18′51″E / 39.97722°N 116.31417°E / 39.97722; 116.31417Coordinates: 39°58′38″N 116°18′51″E / 39.97722°N 116.31417°E / 39.97722; 116.31417
Information
School typePublic
Motto勤奋, 严谨, 求实, 创新 (Diligence, Meticulosity, Integrity, Creativity)
Founded1960
PrincipalZheng Wang
Enrollmentapprox. 2000
LanguageChinese, English (Dalton Academy)
Color(s)blue, green, red     for junior high school
AffiliationsPeking University
Websitewww.pkuschool.edu.cn

The Affiliated High School of Peking University (simplified Chinese: 北京大学附属中学; traditional Chinese: 北京大學附屬中學; pinyin: Běijīng Dàxué Fùshǔ Zhōngxué), abbreviated as Běi Dà Fù Zhōng (北大附中) or BDFZ, is a major public high school in Beijing that offers 7th-12th grade education. It is regarded as one of the most prestigious high schools in China. In a 2016 ranking of Chinese high schools that send students to study in American universities, BDFZ ranked number 12 in mainland China in terms of the number of students entering top American universities.[1][2]

Located in Zhongguancun, the heart of the nation's R&D centre for science and technology, the Affiliated High School of Peking University inherits from Peking University the pursuit for democracy and science since its foundation in 1960.[3] The school's administration and faculty highly encourage students to pursue their intellectual interests in various realms.[4] An environment in favour of student autonomy makes it possible for students at the Affiliated High School of Peking University to engage in various activities ranging from scientific research to environmental advocacy instead of the traditional way of pure textbook-studying.[5]

The Affiliated High School of Peking University has an enrollment of approximately 2,400 students.[6] The school has established partnerships and exchange programs with schools around the world.[7] Distinguished alumni include Wang Yan, the founder of Sina, Mao Xinyu, Major General in the People's Liberation Army and grandson of Chairman Mao Zedong, and Zhang Zilin, Miss World 2007 and the first Miss World of Eastern Asian origin.

History[edit]

In 1951, the authorities started building a school for workers and farmers in an attempt to expand their horizons. In 1957, the facility was reorganized and designated as Beijing No. 104 High School. Three years later, the school was renamed to High School of Peking University under the direction of Peking University, serving as the second-stage rocket in its parent university's four-stage educational sequence, the first, third and fourth stages being primary school, university and graduate school respectively.[3]

Since the reformation led by Luping, the principal of Peking University in 1960, Peking University has attached high importance to improving the school.[8] The then-School Counselor of Peking University Yin Qizhuo was appointed the first principal of the high school and 43 teaching staff from the university were seconded to the high as academic reinforcements. With the main support from the University, the High School of Peking University soon came to be regarded as one of the top schools in Beijing. At that time, it was one of the only two schools in Beijing to accept foreign students, one of them being the second son of King Sihanouk of Cambodia.

After the launch of the Cultural Revolution, the high school became the epicentre of the political storm because of its special political position. Motivated young students began to gather around the High School attached to Tsinghua University, forming the very first groups of Red Guards. Reportedly, people were found dead on the campus of the high school during the period of the Cultural Revolution.[9]

Having undergone the chaos of the early phase of the Revolution, the high school was gradually restored to peace. Dedicated teachers went on to provide the best education possible for the students in the circumstances, and graduates from the high school took the crowns in many provinces soon after the resumption of the National Higher Education Entrance Examination (gaokao) in 1978.

The educational system returned to normal after the Cultural Revolution. In the last three decades, the school has seen significant changes in its faculty and campus, and it has also earned a high reputation in the academic circle. Current principal Wang Zheng has made it a priority to rid China of poor running 'franchised' versions of the high school which were built due to a great deal of corruption that plagued the school since 2000.[10]

Campus[edit]

The campus of the Affiliated High School of Peking University is located in the Zhongguancun district, its area being 46.7 hectares (115 acres) with an actual building area of 6.5 hectares (16 acres).[6] It has seen great changes in the last decade, as most school facilities have been renewed or re-built during that period.

West Classroom Building (High School)[edit]

Since its completion in 2003, this six-story building has served as the main teaching facility for senior students (grades 10-12) on campus. The building's teaching spaces include about 40 classrooms, 11 state-of-the-art science labs, and spaces for arts and technology education. Besides, the West Teaching Building houses three performance spaces: an 800- and 200-seat auditorium and "Black Box" theatre. It also hosts a two-story library, a student-run café, and the school's administrative offices.

East Classroom Building (Middle and High School)[edit]

The East Teaching Building is mainly for Junior High School. It was completed in 1999 and subsequently renovated in 2007. In 2012 the building lost 2 classrooms on its east side to make way for a major construction project on campus. Since 2019, with the relocation of the junior high school, the east building gradually became the management of the high school.

The complex now consists of two sections. The laboratory section is located on the north side of the building, housing laboratories for physics, chemistry, biology, and technology education. Another section to the south holds 30 classrooms.

Dormitory, Cafeteria and Main Library[edit]

The dormitory was completed in 2003. Each room in the students' residence has the capability of holding up to 6 students. The residence for school staff and visitors stands 11-story high. The cafeteria, completed in 2004, is a five-storied building with an underground parking space. The first three stories are set to serve its enrollment, and the fourth floor is for staff and visitors. The fifth floor is a training facility for the school's dance team, which may also be adapted to special uses when needed. The library is, in fact, a multi-function structure with an area of 3,000m² that saw its completion in 2009. It features a conference room and a multi-function hall. As for its fundamental function, the library holds a collection of 100,000 books[citation needed] with a wireless network access.

Physical Education facilities[edit]

Facility Qty Facility Qty Facility Qty
Basketball Court 4 Soccerfield 1 Badminton Court 8
Tabletennis Table 9 290m Track 1 Sandpit 2

The campus also features a gymnasium in which the badminton courts and the table tennis tables are housed. The gymnasium may be re-deployed for special uses.

South Teaching Building (Dalton Academy)[edit]

The South Teaching Building was completed in 1960, making it the oldest building on campus. It underwent a major renovation in 2010. Currently, it houses Dalton Academy (the school's international division) on the fifth and sixth floors.

Extracurricular activities[edit]

Clubs And Organizations[edit]

The earliest club of the Affiliated High School of Peking University dates back to 1980[11] when the Literature Club was initially established. In nearly three decades, the school has developed more than 20 miscellaneous clubs.[12] All of the clubs are hosted, maintained and operated by the students in this school, and every student is granted the privilege to create new clubs at their own will. These clubs, as listed below, are differentiated by their concerned fields.

Clubs And Organizations (Chinese) Clubs And Organizations (Chinese)
Benevolence Club 爱心社 Philharmonics Club 爱乐社
Astronomy Club 天文社 Traditional Beijing Club 京韵社
Technology and Information Club 信息俱乐部 Film Club 电影社
Orienteering Club 定向越野社 Comic & Animation Club 动慢社
Radio Station 广播站 Roots & Shoots 根与芽
Hip-hop Club 街舞社 Economics Club 经济社
Science Club 科技俱乐部 Traditional Folk Music Club 民乐社
Model United Nations 模拟联合国 English Club 群英社
Sibling Project[13] 手足联谊社 Go Club 围棋社
Literature Club 文学社 Drama Club 戏剧社
Poem Club 杏坛诗社 Psychology Club 心理社
Speech Club 演讲社 Soccer Club 足球社
youTHsport Club youTHsport体育媒体

The student-oriented environment enables the students to join their favorite clubs more freely.[14][15][16] It is said that almost everyone in this school holds membership of at least one club,[17] as participating in club activities has been playing a major role in students' extracurricular time. These clubs feature lectures, experience sharing communication, as well as collaborative projects with groups outside the school.[18][19]

Art Festival[edit]

The Art Festival was founded under scholastic authority in 1997. In 2002, the Students' Union succeeded to supervise the festival, converting the once new year party into a three-week festival held in December when distinctively talented students may show their skills to the fullest. It stands now as an integration of various special performances[20] plus a new year celebration (also the closing ceremony of the festival) at the end of the month.

The Campus Singer Competition designates the climax of the entire festival. The first competition in 2004, involved the only a tiny amount of contestants. The figure of the contestants quickly jumped to 250[21] as it develops, with approximately 800 audiences viewing the final, the most anticipated event of the festival. The Students' Union of the Affiliated High School of Peking University has been collaborating with other schools to organize the competition at a larger scale.[22][23]

Sports Festival and the Games[edit]

Magazine[edit]

Overhearing the High School of Peking University (偷听北大附中) is a school magazine hosted by the Students' Union of the High School of Peking University. Its first issue being published on campus on July 12, 2007, this quarterly magazine aims at spreading latest news in and out of the campus, selling approximately 500 copies for each issue, as stated by its editors. The school's Creative Media Workshop, a studio made up of a dozen enthusiastic students, now takes charge of editing the magazine.

International communication[edit]

Exchange visits[edit]

The Affiliated High School of Peking University has established relationships with over 30 schools in the world. It offers not only various on-campus curriculum that covers Chinese/Mandarin, Chinese Painting, calligraphy, kungfu, but also programs outside the school to enable the foreign students to experience the Chinese culture in body. The following schools are said to have maintained regular visitation to the high school:

And the Affiliated High School of Peking University visits these schools every one or two years:

SSAT Confucius Institute[edit]

The SSAT Confucius Institute was founded collaboratively by Peking University, the High School of Peking University and Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT) in July, 2007.[35] In virtue of the platform provided by SSAT, the High School of Peking University commits itself to the promotion of the Chinese language and the Chinese culture by sending teachers abroad and writing textbooks. The SSAT Confucius Institute was awarded the Confucius Institute of the Year 2008.[36][37]

Dalton Academy (International Division)[edit]

Dalton Academy was founded in 2010 as a “laboratory school” to prepare Chinese high school students who aim to study abroad, primarily in North America. The program takes its name from progressive education activist Helen Parkhurst, an early twentieth-century American associate of John Dewey, who promoted the Dalton Plan as a task-based learning approach to promote student agency in the learning process.

Experiential learning is an important component of the Dalton Academy program. Every Wednesday afternoon, teams of students conduct service learning in their community as part of a 3-year, 400-hour commitment to social practice. The program also organizes many trips abroad, including 13 trips across 4 continents during the 2013-14 academic year.[38]

Study abroad[edit]

The school currently hosts two study-abroad programs with Scotch College, Melbourne and American Secondary Schools for International Students and Teachers (ASSIST). Every year, the high school sends two outstanding students to participate in an exchange program where the two participants will spend 8 to 9 weeks as ordinary students at Scotch College, and in the next year, the corresponding students from the Scotch College will pay similar visits to the high school.[29] The ASSIST program, provides opportunities for outstanding students in the high school to attend American independent secondary schools on one-year scholarships.[39]

Former principals[edit]

Name (Pinyin) (Chinese) Time In office
Qizhuo Yin 尹企卓 1960–1966[40]
Guangping Meng 孟广平[41] 1971–1980
Xuezhi Xia 夏学之 1980–1984
Jian'gang Chen 陈剑刚 1984–1985
Xuezhi Xia 夏学之 1985–1992
Meihua Mao 毛美华 1992–1997
Yulin Zhao 赵钰琳 1997–2001
Jian Kang 康健 2001–2009
Zheng Wang 王铮 2009–Current

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ People's Daily "http://gz.people.com.cn/n2/2016/0224/c358162-27802234.html" Feb 24, 2016.
  2. ^ CollegeNode Ranking ""List". Archived from the original on 2016-10-14. Retrieved 2016-04-05."
  3. ^ a b Introduction (in Chinese), Affiliated High School of Peking University.
  4. ^ News Report: Impression of the High School of Peking University[permanent dead link] (in Chinese).
  5. ^ Extracurricular Activities (in Chinese), High School of Peking University.
  6. ^ a b High School of Peking University (in Chinese), Beijing Education & Examination Authority, 2009.
  7. ^ International Communication, High School of Peking University.
  8. ^ Record of the 45th Anniversary Celebration, 6 October 2005 (in Chinese).
  9. ^ Cultural Revolution: Former Red Guard recalls the Cultural Revolution Archived 2008-10-14 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese).
  10. ^ http://the-diplomat.com/china-power/2010/09/14/a-peking-anniversary/
  11. ^ Literature Club in the High School of Peking University[permanent dead link] (in Chinese).
  12. ^ The school claims that it was once over 40. See the Official Website: Introduction (in Chinese).
  13. ^ Sibling Project commits itself to creating a platform that enables the students in the High School of Peking University to communicate with children in poverty, in an attempt to develop their benevolence and sense of responsibility. Know more Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese).
  14. ^ Former student recalls his High School life[permanent dead link] (in Chinese).
  15. ^ Play to learn: Recalling the High School of Peking University Archived 2011-07-10 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese).
  16. ^ Introduction to the High School of Peking University Archived 2009-02-20 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese), Aoshu.com.
  17. ^ Dean of Student speaks of club activities Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese).
  18. ^ "The High School of Peking University collaborates with the Haidian Museum (in Chinese)". Archived from the original on 2011-05-30. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  19. ^ How Roots & Shoots grow in the High School Archived 2009-01-06 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese), Aoshu.com.
  20. ^ Unverified source said that there are 13 of such performances. Retrieved in 2009-7.
  21. ^ Data retrieved in 2008.
  22. ^ Power of Collaboration: Recalling the 7-school singer competition Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine (in Chinese)
  23. ^ Photos from the 22-school singer competition (in Chinese)
  24. ^ "Seifu Gakuen Official Website: International Educational Exchange". Archived from the original on 2009-08-15. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  25. ^ College Claude Debussy Official Website (in French)[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ Signing ceremony: Ressu Upper Secondary School and The High School of Peking University[permanent dead link]
  27. ^ St. Paul's Convent School pays visit to the High School[permanent dead link]
  28. ^ "Cary Academy's sister school: High School of Peking University". Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  29. ^ a b Scotch College signs agreement for regular visitation.
  30. ^ "Heinrich Heine Gymnasium sends exchange students to the High School". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  31. ^ Waseda University Senior High School visits the High School.
  32. ^ "River Valley High School: Bicultural lessons in the High School of Peking University". Archived from the original on 2009-07-21. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  33. ^ "the High School visits College Claude Debussy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  34. ^ The High School communicates with Scotch College.
  35. ^ Confucius Classroom in England
  36. ^ SSAT receives international award for its Confucius Classrooms[permanent dead link]
  37. ^ "SSAT Confucius Institute was awarded". Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
  38. ^ Dalton Academy, accessed May 23, 2014
  39. ^ ASSIST provides opportunities for the students from the high school.
  40. ^ After the launch of the Cultural Revolution, Jia Shiqi took office as the Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of the school in 1968. He quitted his office in 1971, the position of which was later filled by Meng Guangping. Know more about Jia Shiqi (in Chinese).
  41. ^ Meng Guangping served as the Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee and the principal. Meng Guangping recalls his history (in Chinese)