From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

al-Ākhirah (Arabic: الآخرة‎) is a Muslim term for the afterlife.[1] It is repeatedly referenced in chapters of the Quran concerning the Last Judgment, an important part of Islamic eschatology. Traditionally, it is considered to be one of the six main beliefs of Muslims, the others including: Tawhid (unitarianism), belief in the angels, belief in the Revealed Books (Scrolls of Abraham, Torah, Zabur, Gospel and Quran), belief in the prophets and messengers, and belief in predestination.

According to the Islamic beliefs, God will play the role of the qadi, weighing the deeds of each individual. He will decide whether that person's ākhirah lies in Jahannam (Hell) or Jannah (Heaven) on the basis of the weight of either good or bad deeds in comparison with one another. The judgment doesn't depend upon the amount of deeds, deeds are judged on the basis of the will behind it.

Jannah and Jahannam both have various levels. The placement of a person may depend upon the extent of his or her good deeds. It is also said that God may forgive a sin against Himself but not against another.

According to Islam, death is not the end of the life, but it is a transferral from this world to everlasting world..[2] As described by some, from Dar al-fana'a (The place of annihilation) to Dar al-Baqa'a (The place of permanence). With the withdrawal of the spirit from the body, the soul's life in the Barzakh (the barrier) begins until the Day of Resurrection. According to the deeds of the believer and disbeliever, their Barzakh differs.[3]


  1. ^ World Faiths, teach yourself - Islam by Ruqaiyyah Maqsood. ISBN 0-340-60901-X, pp. 38–39
  2. ^ Sobhani & Shah-Kazemi 2001, p. 126
  3. ^ Sobhani & Shah-Kazemi 2001, p. 126

External links[edit]