Aksay, Rostov Oblast

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Aksay

Аксай
Аксай, улица Гулаева, 108.jpg
Flag of Aksay
Flag
Coat of arms of Aksay
Coat of arms
Location of Aksay
Aksay is located in Russia
Aksay
Aksay
Location of Aksay
Aksay is located in Rostov Oblast
Aksay
Aksay
Aksay (Rostov Oblast)
Coordinates: 47°15′N 39°52′E / 47.250°N 39.867°E / 47.250; 39.867Coordinates: 47°15′N 39°52′E / 47.250°N 39.867°E / 47.250; 39.867
CountryRussia
Federal subjectRostov Oblast[1]
Administrative districtAksaysky District[1]
Urban settlementAksayskoye[1]
First mentioned1569[2]
Town status since1957[2]
Area
 • Total15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation
80 m (260 ft)
Population
 • Total41,969
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
45,078 (+7.4%)
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
 • Capital ofAksaysky District[1], Aksayskoye Urban Settlement[1]
 • Municipal districtAksaysky Municipal District[5]
 • Urban settlementAksayskoye Urban Settlement[5]
 • Capital ofAksaysky Municipal District[5], Aksayskoye Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
346720, 346721, 346723, 346724, 346739
OKTMO ID60602101001
Websitewww.gorod-aksay.ru

Aksay (Russian: Аксай) is a town and the administrative center of Aksaysky District in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Don River, 18 kilometers (11 mi) northeast of Rostov-on-Don, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 41,969 (2010 Census);[3] 38,012 (2002 Census);[8] 33,389 (1989 Census).[9] It was previously known as Ust-Aksayskaya (until 1791),[2] Aksayskaya (until 1957).

History[edit]

It was first mentioned in 1569 as a Cossack settlement.[2] Until 1791, it was known as Ust-Aksayskaya (Усть-Акса́йская).[2] From 1791, it was known as the stanitsa of Aksayskaya (Акса́йская).[2] In November 21–29, 1941, Aksayskaya was occupied by German troops.[2] In 1957, it was granted town status[2] and renamed Aksay.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Aksay serves as the administrative center of Aksaysky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Aksaysky District as Aksayskoye Urban Settlement.[1] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban settlement status and is a part of Aksaysky Municipal District.[5]

Economy[edit]

Aksay serves as an industrial satellite of Rostov-on-Don.

Attractions[edit]

There are many monuments and museums in Aksay. Among them:

  • Museum complex "Customs Outpost of the XVIII century". The Museum contains exhibits of everyday life of customs officers, weapons, maps, ancient manuscripts.
  • "Military-historical complex named Gulaeva". The Museum is on the site "Mukhina Balka". The Museum has collected Soviet and Russian military equipment. Underground facility — command post of the North Caucasus district.
  • The Museum "Postal station of XIX century." Stayed here Griboyedov, Lermontov, Rajewski, Pushkin, Tolstoy, Tchaikovsky, Rosene etc.
  • The memorial complex "Crossing". Built in memory of the soldiers who fell here during the great Patriotic war.
  • Kobyakovo hillfort settlements with the remnants of the Sarmatians, Polovtsy, Tatars and Rus.[10]
  • Aksay military history Museum. The Museum contains military equipment of the early XX century: rockets, cars, guns, planes, tanks, military boats and more.
  • The Strength Of Aksai. The fortress of the XVIII century is a monument of military architecture, part Iskauskas military-historical Museum. Earthen fortress in 1763 was part of the Rostov fortress of Dmitry of Rostov.
  • The temple in honor of icon of Mother of God "Hodegetria" (XIX century).
  • Assumption Church (1825). Built in Empire style by the architect M. A. Abrosimova.
  • Military-historical Museum of the mid-twentieth century "House of Suvorov". The Museum's seven buildings. Alexander Suvorov spent the winter of 1783-1784.
  • Nature reserve "Golden hills" in the floodplain of the don river.
  • The monument twice hero of the Soviet Union N. D. Gulaev — the monument of regional significance.
  • Aksay dungeons.
  • The Monument to Vladimir Lenin.

Photo gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Law #340-ZS
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 15. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e Law #240-ZS
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Attractions of Aksay

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Ростовской области. Закон №340-ЗС от 25 июля 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ростовской области», в ред. Закона №270-ЗС от 27 ноября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в областной Закон "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ростовской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Наше время", №187–190, 28 июля 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Rostov Oblast. Law #340-ZS of July 28, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Rostov Oblast, as amended by the Law #270-ZS of November 27, 2014 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Rostov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Ростовской области. Закон №240-ЗС от 27 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования "Аксайский район" и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №409-ЗС от 4 мая 2010 г. «О внесении изменений в областной Закон "Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования "Аксайский район" и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Наше время", №339, 29 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Rostov Oblast. Law #240-ZS of December 27, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of "Aksaysky District" and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #409-ZS of May 4, 2010 On Amending the Oblast Law "On Establishing the Borders and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of "Aksaysky District" and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of January 1, 2005.).