Al-Jinn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sura 72 of the Quran
الجن
Al-Jinn
The Jinn
ClassificationMeccan
Other namesJinns, The Unseen Beings
PositionJuzʼ 29
No. of Rukus2
No. of verses28
No. of words286
No. of letters1,109

Al-Jinn[1] (Arabic: الجن‎, “The Jinn”) is the 72nd chapter (sūrah) of the Quran with 28 verses (āyāt). The name as well as the topic of this chapter is jinn. Similar to angels, the jinn are beings invisible to the naked human eye. In the Quran, it is stated in more than one instance, that humans are created from the earth and jinn from smokeless fire.

Although Al-Jinn is a Meccan surah, it is generally agreed that it was revealed much later than any other sura contained in Juz' Tabāraka -lladhi (which covers surahs 67 to 77). Abdullah Yusuf Ali says that it is "tolerably certain" that Al-Jinn was revealed around 2 B.H. when Muhammad was evangelising near present-day Ta'if.[2] Maulana Muhammad Ali agrees with the date of around 2 B.H., saying that this surah was revealed at a time when opposition to the Prophet's message was reaching a climax.[3]

Summary[edit]

1-2 Certain of the genii converted to Islam by hearing the Quran [4][5]
3-7 The folly of men and genii in ascribing offspring to God
8-9 Genii prying into heavenly secrets are driven away with fiery darts
10-14 Different classes of genii, some Muslims and others infidels
15-18 Believing genii rewarded in Paradise, the unbelievers punished in hell
19 The genii pressed upon Muhammad to hear the Quran
20-24 Muhammad can only publish what hath been revealed to him
25-26 The judgments of God shall overtake the unbelievers
27-28 God revealeth his secrets to his apostles only [4]

Exegesis[edit]

2 Jinn recant their belief in false gods[edit]

In the second verse the jinn recant their belief in false gods and venerate Muhammad for his monotheism. The jinn apologize for their past blasphemy and criticize mankind for either neglecting them or encouraging their disbelief.

7 Islamic Judgement Day, Qiyamah[edit]

The Judgement in verse 7, and the punishment in verse 25, are both references to the Islamic Judgement Day, Qiyamah.

20-22 Monotheism among the Jinn is reaffirmed[edit]

Verses 20-22 are especially important as Monotheism (tawhid) among the Jinn is reaffirmed and the inescapable wrath of God is emphasized.

25-28 Qiyamah is known only to God[edit]

Verses 25-28 establish that Qiyamah is known only to God, and that God takes into account all the deeds of a man when judging him.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ibn Kathir (d.1373). "Tafsir Ibn Kathir (English): Surah Al Jinn". Quran 4 U. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  2. ^ Ali, Abdullah Yusuf; An Interpretation of the Holy Qur’an with Full Arabic Text; p. 873 ISBN 1853267821
  3. ^ Ali, Maulana Muhammad; The Holy Qur’an: Arabic Text, Translation and Commentary; p. 1106 ISBN 091332101X
  4. ^ a b Wherry, Elwood Morris (1896). A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ Lumbard, Joseph (April 2015). 72, The Jinn, al-Jinn, The Study Quran. San Francisco: HarperOne.

External links[edit]