|Governorates||Al Muthanna Governorate|
|Elevation||9 m (30 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (AST)|
Al-Rumaitha City is a city in Muthanna Governorate, Iraq. It is the capital of Al-Rumaitha District. Its population in 2014 was 115,431. The economy is predominantly agricultural, specializing in the production of date palms and grains.
Al-Rumaitha is named after the saxaul plant, al-ramth in Arabic. It has had other names in the past. It was called al-'Auja (العوجة, crooked) due to the way the river distorts the shape of the city, and al-Abyad (الاأبيض, white) due to the supposed presence of the white lion in its environs.
The city contains 35 archaeological sites, pertaining to different time periods from the Babylonian to the Islamic eras.
During the British occupation of Iraq, the British used al-Rumaitha, at that time a small village, as a military camp to support the supply and transportation of British forces moving from Basra and Nasiriya to Baghdad. In 1920, the Iraqi revolt against the British began in al-Rumaitha on 30 June, after the British arrested Sheikh Sha'lan Abu al-Joun of the al-Duwalim tribe. Members of his tribe mounted a raid on the government holding facility and freed him. The city also supported the anti-British 1941 Iraqi coup d'état and participated in the anti-British Al-Wathbah uprising of 1948.
- Abbas Kadhim (1 November 2012). Reclaiming Iraq: The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State. University of Texas Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-292-73924-6.
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