|Author||Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin|
|Original title||ٱلصَّحِيفَة ٱلسَّجَّادِيَّة|
|Published||7th Century CE|
1st Century AH
|Part of a series on Islam|
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Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya (Arabic: ٱلصَّحِيفَة ٱلسَّجَّادِيَّة, aṣ-Ṣaḥīfah as-Sajjādīyah, [asˤ.sˤa.ħiː.fah as.sad͡ʒ.d͡ʒaː.diː.jah]; "Scripture of Sajjad") is a book of supplications attributed to Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin, the great-grandson of the Islamic Nabi (Prophet) Muhammad. According to Shia narrations, the book is said to have been composed after the Battle of Karbala (680 AD) and describes the relationship between man and God. Although the book is principally a collection of Islamic knowledge and thought in supplication form, it is said to have played an important part in the uprising against the Umayyads. According to some scholars[who?], al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is an example of the highest form of eloquence, and its contents have been described and explained in many books of commentary. The main part of the book is mutawatir (conveyed by successive narration), but over the years a number of scholars have written addenda to it. Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is an important book for Shia Muslims.
Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is a collection of supplications and whispered prayers composed by As-Sajjad, the great-grandson of Muhammad. The title "al-Sahifah al-Sajjadiyyah" means "the book of Sajjad", Sajjad being the epithet of Ali ibn Husayn, the fourth Shia Imam.
Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya has several titles, such as "Sister of the Quran", "Gospel of the Holy Household" and "Psalms of the Muhammad dynasty", names which clearly indicate the importance of the book for Shia Islam. In the form of supplication, it expresses Islamic knowledge and thought and involves all aspects of individual, social, economical, political and cultural life. Reason, human feelings, emotions and conscience are all addressed by it.
Shia narrations state that Sajjad composed al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya after the Battle of Karbala (680 AD). Shia narrations state Imam Sajjad therefore used rich and meaningful supplications to reconstruct society and distribute Islamic knowledge. It seems al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya – which was protected from government agents by Imam Sajjad’s sons and companions – was a sectarian and organisational booklet, which the access of the government agents to it make ineffective all Imam Sajjad's efforts.
Many scholars see al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya as teaching theology in a personal and practical way, not in abstract language, and as indicating the relation between man and God in a way that can be universally understood. However, the book is not merely a conversation with God; in supplication form, it is also a collection of Islamic knowledge and thought. It emphasizes detachment from the material world, and addresses many moral and ethical issues. According to scholars, Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya exhibits the highest level of eloquence and purity to be found in Arabic literature after the Quran and the Nahj al-Balagha of Ali, cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad.
Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya was at the forefront of the uprising against the Umayyads. Salutations to Muhammad and his family are repeated in most of its supplications, while the Umayyad Caliphate consistently tried to wipe out the name and memory of Muhammad and his family. In several supplications, Imam Sajjad explained the concept of Imamate (leadership). He explained what Imamate means, who is allowed to be an Imam (leader), and what the conditions of Imamate are, because the subject of prophet succession and the concept of Imamate were faced with serious challenges after the death of Muhammad, and particularly after the Battle of Karbala. For the protection of Islamic territory, which had been won through the endeavours of Muhammad and his companions, Imam Sajjad in several supplications talked about important matters such as jihad and martyrdom, the protection of borders, enjoining good and forbidding wrong, combat power, the powerlessness of enemies, awareness, military equipment, and so on. In expressing the ideas, virtues, attributes and characteristics of God's fighters, officials and border guards, he explains the true Islamic idea.
According to Shi'ite tradition, Imam Sajjad collected his supplications and taught them to his family, particularly his sons, Muhammad al-Baqir and Zayd. These supplications were written down by others and the text over time became widely disseminated among all Shia. Specialists in the study of ahadith maintain that the text is mutawatir (conveyed by successive narration).
A number of scholars have written addenda to al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya. These comprise supplications that are attributed to Imam Sajjad, but they do not exist in the main al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya. Some of these addenda are:
- Second Scripture, compilation of al-Hurr al-Aamili, who compiled Wasa'il al-Shi'a
- Third Scripture, compilation of Mirza Abdollah Afandi, an expert in history and biographical evaluation
- Fourth Scripture, compilation of Mirza Husain Noori Tabarsi
- Fifth Scripture, compilation of Allamah Sayid Muhsin Amin
- Sixth Scripture, compilation of Sheykh Saleh ibn Mirza Fadhlollah Mazandarani Ha'eri
- Seventh Scripture, compilation of Hadi Kashif al-Qita
- Eighth Scripture, compilation of Mirza Ali Husaini Mar'ashi
Philip Woolley, a professor and researcher from Germany, asked for a copy of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya to be sent to him after his friend, a Roman Catholic Cardinal, saw the book in his library, studied part of it, and impressed with its novelty insisted on taking it away with him. When the Vatican Library in Rome received an English version of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, it said in its letter of acknowledgement: "This book contains great mystical themes, so we place it for researchers in the best position of the library." A leader[who?] of Germany's Social Democratic Party wrote to a friend, Professor Singler, saying: "This book had a profound impact on me and changed my view about Islam. I invite my friend to study this book", while in Poland, Christian Scientist Andre Kowski said of the book: "I am deeply impressed by the ideas of Imam Sajjad, whose noble thoughts are manifested on the pages of the book al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya. It is so attractive, to the extent that I feel this book has given me a complete sense of the mystical and divine."
Titles of the supplications
- In Praise of God
- Blessing upon Muhammad and his Household
- Blessing upon the Bearers of the Throne
- Blessing upon the Attesters to the Messengers
- Supplication for himself and the People under his Guardianship
- Supplication in the Morning and Evening
- Supplication in Worrisome Tasks
- Supplication in Seeking Refuge
- Supplication in Yearning
- Supplication in Seeking Asylum with God
- Supplication for Good Outcomes
- Supplication in Confession
- Supplication in Seeking Needs from God
- Supplication in Suffering Acts of Wrongdoing
- Supplication when Sick
- Supplication in Asking Release
- Supplication Against Satan
- Supplication in Perils
- Supplication in Asking for Water during a Drought
- Supplication on Noble Moral Traits and Acts Pleasing to God
- Supplication in Sorrow
- Supplication in Hardship
- Supplication for Well-Being
- Supplication for his Parents (upon the two of them be peace)
- Supplication for his Children
- Supplication for his Neighbours and Friends
- Supplication for the People of the Frontiers
- Supplication in Fleeing to God
- Supplication when his Provision was Stinted
- Supplication for Help in Repaying Debts
- Supplication in Repentance
- Supplication in the Night Prayer
- Supplication in Asking for the Best
- Supplication when Afflicted
- Supplication in Satisfaction with the Decree
- Supplication upon Hearing Thunder
- Supplication in Giving Thanks
- Supplication in Asking Pardon
- Supplication in Seeking Pardon and Mercy
- Supplication when Death was Mentioned
- Supplication in Asking for Covering and Protection
- Supplication upon Completing a Reading of the Qur'an
- Supplication when he Looked at the New Crescent Moon
- Supplication for the Coming of the Month of Ramadan
- Supplication in Bidding Farewell to the Month of Ramadan
- Supplication on the Day of Fast-Breaking and on Friday
- Supplication on the Day of Arafa
- Supplication on the Day of Sacrifice and on Friday
- Supplication in Repelling Enemies
- Supplication in Fear
- Supplication in Pleading and Abasement
- Supplication in Imploring God
- Supplication in Abasing himself
- Supplication for the Removal of Worries
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.|
- Ghurar al-Hikam wa Durar al-Kalim (attributed to 'Ali)
- Letter of Ali ibn Abi Talib to Malik al-Ashtar
- List of Shia books
- Al-Risalah al-Huquq (attributed to 'Ali Zaynul-'Abidin)
- The Fifteen Whispered Prayers (attributed to Zaynul-'Abidin)
- Al-Risalah al-Dhahabiah (attributed to 'Ali al-Ridha)
- Al-Sahifat al-Ridha (attributed to 'Ali al-Ridha)
- Al-Jafr (book) (reportedly mentioned by Ja'far al-Sadiq)
- Al-Jamiah (reportedly mentioned by Ja'far al-Sadiq)
- Mus-haf Fatimah (reportedly mentioned by Ja'far al-Sadiq)
- Ghurar al-Hikam wa Durar al-Kalim (attributed to 'Ali)
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