Al Jazirah Al Hamra

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Al Jazirah Al Hamra
Al Jazirah Al Hamra is located in United Arab Emirates
Al Jazirah Al Hamra
Al Jazirah Al Hamra
Coordinates: 25°42′32″N 55°47′50″E / 25.70889°N 55.79722°E / 25.70889; 55.79722Coordinates: 25°42′32″N 55°47′50″E / 25.70889°N 55.79722°E / 25.70889; 55.79722
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
EmirateRas Al Khaimah
Elevation
8 m (29 ft)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total3,000[1]
The old mosque in the abandoned part of Al Jazirah Al Hamra

Al Jazirah Al Hamra (English: The Red Island) is a town to the south of the city of Ras Al Khaimah in the United Arab Emirates. It is known for its collection of abandoned houses and other buildings, including a mosque, which are widely believed locally to be haunted.[2][3][4] The town was ruled by the Zaab tribe, which was rehoused in Abu Dhabi following a dispute with the Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah.

History[edit]

The town was originally a tidal island and, by 1830, was home to some 200 people mostly occupied in pearl fishing. At the time, it was a dependency of Sharjah.[5]

The Sheikh of Jazira Al Hamra in 1820, Rajib bin Ahmed, was a signatory to the original 1820 treaty between the Trucial States and the British, following the 1819 punitive expedition mounted against Ras Al Khaimah by the British. In the treaty, the sheikhdom was named as 'Jourat Al Kamra'.

The town has also been called Jazirah Al Zaab, as it was predominantly settled by members of the Zaab (some 500 houses at the turn of the 20th century). A tidal island, it was split into two sections, the small northern quarter of Umm Awaimir and the southern Manakh.[6] Although the Zaab had some 500 sheep and 150 cattle at the time, there were no palm groves, although the tribe tended groves at Khatt. Jazirah Al Hamrah maintained a fleet of some 25 pearling boats,[6] the principle source of income for the tribe until the crash of the pearl market in the late 1920s.

Following an agreement between Sheikh Khalid bin Ahmad Al Qasimi of Sharjah and Sheikh Sultan bin Salim Al Qasimi of Ras Al Khaimah in 1914, the town became part of Ras Al Khaimah, but was often in dispute with the Ruler.[7] This led, in 1968, to a dispute with Sheikh Saqr bin Mohammed Al Qasimi of Ras Al Khaimah which resulted in the majority of the tribe accepting an offer from Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan to move to Abu Dhabi. This movement left behind an almost completely abandoned village which had housed some 2,500 people.[8]

Zaabi[edit]

The last Al-Zaab Sharif (mayor) of Jazirah Al Hamra was Hussein Bin Rahma Al Zaabi, who was later the Sharif of Al Zaab area in Abu Dhabi. His eldest son Rahma is the United Arab Emirates ambassador to Kuwait.

References[edit]

Media related to Al Jazirah Al Hamra at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ "Al Hamra Village – the Gem of Ras al Khaimah".
  2. ^ Zacharias, Anna (27 November 2014). "Our guide to the living ghost town Jazirat Al Hamra, Ras Al Khaimah". The National. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  3. ^ Nair, Rohit (30 October 2015). "Dubai residents recount their scariest moments". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  4. ^ Sengupta, Abhishek (28 October 2015). "Revealed: UAE's most 'haunted' places". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 30 October 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  5. ^ Schofield, R (1990). Islands and Maritime Boundaries of the Gulf 1798–1960. EK: Archive Editions. p. 542. ISBN 978-1-85207-275-9.
  6. ^ a b Lorimer, John (1906). Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Vol II. Government of India. p. 623.
  7. ^ Heard-Bey, Frauke (2005). From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates : a society in transition. London: Motivate. pp. 87–88. ISBN 1860631673. OCLC 64689681.
  8. ^ Heard-Bey, Frauke (2005). From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates : a society in transition. London: Motivate. p. 75. ISBN 1860631673. OCLC 64689681.