Alabama's 1st congressional district

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Coordinates: 30°59′13.3″N 87°56′14.34″W / 30.987028°N 87.9373167°W / 30.987028; -87.9373167

Alabama's 1st congressional district
Alabama US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Alabama's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Bradley Byrne (RFairhope)
Area 7,182 sq mi (18,600 km2)
Distribution
Population (2015) 706,302[1]
Median income 34,739
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVI R+15[2]

Alabama's 1st congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It includes the counties of Washington, Mobile, Baldwin, Escambia and Monroe counties. It also includes part of Clarke County.

It is currently represented by Republican Bradley Byrne, a former Alabama State Senator who was elected to finish the term of 10-year incumbent Jo Bonner, who vacated the seat on August 2, 2013 to become vice chancellor for the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa.

Character[edit]

Mobile, Alabama is the focus of this district, which extends north along the Tombigee and Alabama rivers. Timber production remains the biggest source of contributions to the local economy, however recently gulf coast condominium developments in Baldwin county represent new economic possibilities.

Politically, this area was one of the first in Alabama to shake off its Democratic roots. It was one of five districts to swing Republican in 1964, when Barry Goldwater swept the state; the GOP has held the district in every House election since then. However, conservative Democrats continued to hold most state and local offices well into the 1990s.

It supported George W. Bush with 64% in 2004, and 60% in 2000. In 2008, John McCain received 61.01% of the vote in the district while 38.38% supported Barack Obama.

The 1st traditionally gives its congressmen very long tenures in Washington. Only six men have held it in the last century.

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 60 - 38%
2004 President Bush 64 - 35%
2008 President McCain 61 - 39%
2012 President Romney 62 - 37%
2016 President Trump 64 - 34%

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral History Counties Represented
District created March 4, 1823
Gabrielmoore.jpg Gabriel Moore Jacksonian
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Elected in 1822
Re-elected in 1824
Re-elected in 1826
Redistricted from the At-large district
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Clement Comer Clay.jpg Clement C. Clay Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1835
Elected in 1828
Re-elected in 1830
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Governor Reuben Chapman.jpg Reuben Chapman Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Redistricted to the At-large district
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 3, 1841 –
March 4, 1843
District inactive
James Dellet.jpg James Dellet Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Edmund S. Dargan Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
JohnGayle.jpg John Gayle Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg William J. Alston Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John Bragg Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Philip Phillips.jpg Philip Phillips Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Percy Walker American March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg James Adams Stallworth Democratic March 4, 1857 –
January 12, 1861
Withdrew
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
January 12, 1861 –
July 22, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction
Francis William Kellogg - Brady-Handy.jpg Francis William Kellogg Republican July 22, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
AEBuck.jpg Alfred Buck Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Benjamin S. Turner - Brady-Handy.jpg Benjamin Sterling Turner Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Frederick Bromberg Liberal Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jeremiah Haralson - Brady-Handy.jpg Jeremiah Haralson Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg James T. Jones Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Thomas H. Herndon Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 28, 1883
Died
Vacant March 28, 1883 –
December 3, 1883
No image.svg James T. Jones Democratic December 3, 1883 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Richard Henry Clarke.jpeg Richard Henry Clarke Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
George W. Taylor 1902.jpg George W. Taylor Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1915
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Oscar Lee Gray Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
John McDuffie2.jpg John McDuffie Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 2, 1935
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vacant March 2, 1935 –
July 30, 1935
Frank W. Boykin (Alabama Congressman).jpg Frank W. Boykin Democratic July 30, 1935 –
January 3, 1963
Lost re-election for the at-large seat
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
District inactive, all representatives elected at-large
Jack Edwards (Congressman).jpg Jack Edwards Republican January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1985
Retired, endorsed Sonny Callahan as successor
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Sonnycallahan.jpg Sonny Callahan Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 2003
Retired
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rep. Jo Bonner.jpg Jo Bonner Republican January 3, 2003 –
August 2, 2013
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Resigned to become vice-chancellor in University of Alabama System[3]
Vacant August 2, 2013 –
December 17, 2013
Alabama's 1st congressional district special election, 2013
Rep Bradley Byrne.jpg Bradley Byrne Republican December 17, 2013 –
present

Recent Candidates[edit]

Republican candidates[edit]

Democratic candidates[edit]

Libertarian candidates[edit]

  • Dick Coffee - third place candidate in 2002

Recent election results in congressional races[edit]

2002[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner 108,102 61%
Democratic Judy Belk 67,507 38%
Libertarian Richard "Dick" Coffee 2,957 1%
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner* 161,067 63% Increase 2.62%
Democratic Judy Belk 93,938 37% Decrease 0.97%
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner* 112,944 68% Increase 5.00%
Democratic Vivian Beckerle 52,770 32% Decrease 5.00%
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner* 210,660 98% Increase 30.14%
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner* 129,063 83% Decrease 15.72%
Constitution David M. Walter 26,357 17% Increase 16.87%
Republican hold

2012[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Bonner* 196,073 100%
Republican hold

2013 (Special)[edit]

A special election was held following the resignation of Jo Bonner (R) on August 2, 2013 to become vice chancellor for the University of Alabama.[4] Primary elections were held on September 24. A runoff in the Republican primary took place on November 5 and the general election was pushed back to December 17.[5] Republican Bradley Byrne won the election by a wide margin in the strongly conservative district.[6]

2014[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Bradley Byrne* 103,320 68% Decrease 31.68%
Democratic Burton LeFlore 47,913 32% Increase 31.68%
Republican hold

2016[edit]

Alabama's 1st congressional district election (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bradley Byrne* 208,083 96%
No party Write-ins 7,810 4%
Total votes 215,893 100%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

Living former Members[edit]

As of April 2015, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 1st congressional district who are currently living at this time. The most recent representative to die was Frank W. Boykin (1935-1963) on March 12, 1969.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Jack Edwards 1965–1985 (1928-09-20) September 20, 1928 (age 89)
Sonny Callahan 1985–2003 (1932-09-11) September 11, 1932 (age 85)
Jo Bonner 2003–2013 (1959-11-19) November 19, 1959 (age 58)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  3. ^ http://www.politico.com/story/2013/05/jo-bonner-retirement-reports-91833.html
  4. ^ "LIVE: Rep. Jo Bonner talks about his resignation from Congress; new job at UA". Blog.al.com. May 23, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2013. 
  5. ^ "9 Republicans, 2 Democrats qualify for AL-01 congressional race". Blog.al.com. August 6, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  6. ^ Sullivan, Sean (December 17, 2013). "Republican Bradley Byrne wins Alabama special election". The Washington Post. Washington, DC. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 

External links[edit]