Alabama's 8th congressional district

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Coordinates: 34°52′53.13″N 87°13′3.76″W / 34.8814250°N 87.2177111°W / 34.8814250; -87.2177111

Alabama's 8th congressional district
Obsolete
 
Population (1960) 383,625
Created 1870 Census
Eliminated 1970 Census
Years 1873-1973

Alabama's 8th congressional district, now obsolete, was established in 1877.

At present, Alabama has seven congressional districts represented in the United States House of Representatives. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Alabama was apportioned eight congressional seats as a result of the 1880 census. In 1893-1913 there were nine seats, and in 1913-1933 there were ten seats, the maximum ever for Alabama. In 1970, Alabama lost its eighth seat when population could no longer support more than seven seats.

Notable representation[edit]

A diagrammatic history of the Alabama House Delegation

Among the men who represented the District in the House was former Confederate Brigadier General Joseph Wheeler of Courtland, Alabama. Born in 1836 in Georgia, Wheeler had previously served in the United States Army but resigned to support the Confederate States of America. Wheeler led the 19th Alabama Infantry Regiment into battle at the Battle of Shiloh in the American Civil War. Wheeler was elected to the U.S. Congress in 1880 as a Democrat but was ousted after a lengthy election contest by Greenback Party candidate William M. Lowe. Lowe died after only four months in office and was succeeded by Wheeler in a special election. Wheeler did not run in 1882 but was reelected in 1884 and served seven consecutive terms before resigning in 1900.

John Sparkman served as the 8th district representative from 1937-1946. On the same day he was elected in 1946, Sparkman was also elected, in a special election, to fill the United States Senate seat of John H. Bankhead II who had died in office. Sparkman immediately resigned the House to accept the Senate seat. [Note: In 1952 Sparkman was chosen as the vice presidential running mate of the unsuccessful Democratic candidate Adlai Ewing Stevenson II.] Sparkman previously had served as Majority Whip of the United States House of Representatives in 1946.

The District was lost due to reapportionment at the end of the 92nd United States Congress in 1973. Robert E. Jones, Jr. was the district's last representative.

List of representatives[edit]

Congress Years Representative Party Electoral history Counties Represented
45 No image.svg William W. Garth Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
Elected in 1876
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
46 No image.svg William M. Lowe Greenback March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
Elected in 1878
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
47 JWheelerCSAGenseated.jpg Joseph Wheeler Democratic March 4, 1881 –
June 3, 1882
Elected in 1880
Lost contested election
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg William M. Lowe Greenback June 3, 1882 –
October 12, 1882
Won contested election
Died
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant October 12, 1882 –
January 15, 1883
JWheelerCSAGenseated.jpg Joseph Wheeler Democratic January 15, 1883 –
March 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
48 Luke Pryor.jpeg Luke Pryor Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
Elected in 1882
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
49
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
JWheelerCSAGenseated.jpg Joseph Wheeler Democratic March 4, 1885 –
April 20, 1900
First elected in 1884
Re-elected in 1886
Re-elected in 1888
Re-elected in 1890
Re-elected in 1892
Re-elected in 1894
Re-elected in 1896
Re-elected in 1898
Re-elected in 1900
Resigned
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
57 Vacant April 20, 1900 –
August 6, 1900

57
58
59
60
61
62
63
William Richardson Alabama.jpg William N. Richardson Democratic August 6, 1900 –
March 31, 1914
First elected in 1902
Re-elected in 1904
Re-elected in 1906
First elected in 1908
Re-elected in 1910
Re-elected in 1912
Re-elected in 1914
Died
[Data unknown/missing.]
63 Vacant March 31, 1914 –
May 11, 1914
No image.svg Christopher C. Harris Democratic May 11, 1914 –
March 3, 1915
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
No image.svg Edward B. Almon Democratic March 4, 1915 –
June 22, 1933
First elected in 1916
Re-elected in 1918
Re-elected in 1920
Re-elected in 1922
Re-elected in 1924
Re-elected in 1926
Re-elected in 1928
Re-elected in 1930
Re-elected in 1932
Died
[Data unknown/missing.]
72 Vacant June 22, 1933 –
November 14, 1933
72
73
Archibald Hill Carmichael.jpg Archibald H. Carmichael Democratic November 14, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
Elected in 1934
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]


74
75
76
77
78
79
John J. Sparkman, c 1950.jpg John Sparkman Democratic January 3, 1937 –
November 5, 1946
First elected in 1936
Re-elected in 1938
Re-elected in 1940
Re-elected in 1942
Re-elected in 1944
Resigned after being elected to the U.S. Senate
[Data unknown/missing.]
79 Vacant November 5, 1946 –
January 28, 1947
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
Robert E. Jones, Jr.jpg Robert E. Jones, Jr. Democratic January 28, 1947 –
January 3, 1963
First elected in 1948
Re-elected in 1950
Re-elected in 1952
Re-elected in 1954
Re-elected in 1956
Re-elected in 1958
Re-elected in 1960
Redistricted to the At-large district
[Data unknown/missing.]


88 District inactive, all representatives elected at large January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
89
90
91
92
Robert E. Jones, Jr.jpg Robert E. Jones, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
First elected in 1964
Re-elected in 1966
Re-elected in 1968
Re-elected in 1970
Redistricted from the At-large district

Redistricted to the 5th district
[Data unknown/missing.]
District inactive January 3, 1973 –
Present

Historic boundaries[edit]

The district was elected at-large from the entire state until the 45th Congress, when it was established as a separate district in the northwestern part of the state.[1] The district occupies an area now held by Alabama's 5th congressional district, with the exception of a portion of Morgan County, which is part of the 4th district. Franklin County, which was part of the 8th district until after the 1890 Census, is also part of the modern 4th district.

Census Year Population Counties
1870[2] 130,173 Colbert, Franklin, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
1880 168,502
1890 176,088 Colbert, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
1900 194,491
1910 218,342
1920 254,529
1930 282,241
1940 300,112
1950 321,459
1960 383,625

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official Congressional Directory. 45th Congress, 2nd session. 3rd edition. Page 5 (1878)
  2. ^ At-large until 1877