Alabama's 8th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 34°52′53.13″N 87°13′3.76″W / 34.8814250°N 87.2177111°W / 34.8814250; -87.2177111

Alabama's 8th congressional district
Obsolete
 
Population (1960) 383,625
Created 1870 Census
Eliminated 1970 Census
Years 1873-1973

Alabama's 8th congressional district, now obsolete, was established in 1877.

Alabama presently has seven congressional districts represented in the United States House of Representatives.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Alabama was apportioned eight congressional seats as a result of the 1880 census. In 1893-1913 there were nine seats, and in 1913-1933 there were ten seats, the maximum ever for Alabama. In 1970, Alabama lost its eighth seat when population could no longer support more than seven seats.

The district was elected at-large from the entire state until the 45th Congress, when it was established as a separate district in the northwestern part of the state.[1] The district occupies an area now held by Alabama's 5th congressional district, with the exception of a portion of Morgan County, which is part of the 4th district. Franklin County, which was part of the 8th district until after the 1890 Census, is also part of the modern 4th district.

Notable representation[edit]

A diagrammatic history of the Alabama House Delegation

Among the men who represented the District in the House was former Confederate Brigadier General Joseph Wheeler of Courtland, Alabama. Born in 1836 in Georgia, Wheeler had previously served in the United States Army but resigned to support the Confederate States of America. Wheeler led the 19th Alabama Infantry Regiment into battle at the Battle of Shiloh in the American Civil War. Wheeler was elected to the U.S. Congress in 1880 as a Democrat but was ousted after a lengthy election contest by Greenback Party candidate William M. Lowe. Lowe died after only four months in office and was succeeded by Wheeler in a special election. Wheeler did not run in 1882 but was reelected in 1884 and served seven consecutive terms before resigning in 1900.

John Sparkman served as the 8th district representative from 1937-1946. On the same day he was elected in 1946, Sparkman was also elected, in a special election, to fill the United States Senate seat of John H. Bankhead II who had died in office. Sparkman immediately resigned the House to accept the Senate seat. In 1952 Sparkman was chosen as the vice presidential running mate of the unsuccessful Democratic candidate Adlai Ewing Stevenson II. Sparkman previously had served as Majority Whip of the United States House of Representatives in 1946.

The District was lost due to reapportionment at the end of the 92nd United States Congress in 1973. Robert E. Jones, Jr. was the district's last representative.

List of representatives[edit]

Cong
ress
Years Representative Party Electoral history Population / Counties
45 No image.svg William W. Garth Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
Elected in 1876.
Lost re-election.
Population 130,173

Colbert, Franklin, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
46 No image.svg William M. Lowe Greenback March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
Elected in 1878.
Lost re-election.
47 JWheelerCSAGenseated.jpg Joseph Wheeler Democratic March 4, 1881 –
June 3, 1882
Elected in 1880.
Lost election contest.
No image.svg William M. Lowe Greenback June 3, 1882 –
October 12, 1882
Won election contest.
Died.
Vacant October 12, 1882 –
January 15, 1883
JWheelerCSAGenseated.jpg Joseph Wheeler Democratic January 15, 1883 –
March 3, 1883
Elected to finish Lowe's term.
Retired.
48 Luke Pryor.jpeg Luke Pryor Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
Elected in 1882.
Retired.
Population 168,502

Colbert, Franklin, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
49
50
51]
52
JWheelerCSAGenseated.jpg Joseph Wheeler Democratic March 4, 1885 –
April 20, 1900
Elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.


53
54
55
56
57
Re-elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Resigned.
Population 176,088

Colbert, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
57 Vacant April 20, 1900 –
August 6, 1900
57 William Richardson Alabama.jpg William N. Richardson Democratic August 6, 1900 –
March 31, 1914
Elected to finish Wheeler's term.
58
59
60
61
62
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Population 194,491

Colbert, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
63 Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Died.
Population 218,342

Colbert, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
63 Vacant March 31, 1914 –
May 11, 1914
No image.svg Christopher C. Harris Democratic May 11, 1914 –
March 3, 1915
Elected to finish Richardson's term.
Retired.
64
65
66
67
68
No image.svg Edward B. Almon Democratic March 4, 1915 –
June 22, 1933
Elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
69
70
71
72
73
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Population 254,529

Colbert, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
73 Re-elected in 1932.
Died.
Population 282,241

Colbert, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
73 Vacant June 22, 1933 –
November 14, 1933
73
74
Archibald Hill Carmichael.jpg Archibald H. Carmichael Democratic November 14, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
Elected to finish Almon's term.
Re-elected in 1934.
Retired.
75
76
77
John J. Sparkman, c 1950.jpg John Sparkman Democratic January 3, 1937 –
November 5, 1946
Elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
78
79
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946, but resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
Population 300,112

Colbert, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
79 Vacant November 5, 1946 –
January 28, 1947
79
80
81
82
Robert E. Jones, Jr.jpg Robert E. Jones, Jr. Democratic January 28, 1947 –
January 3, 1963
Elected to finish Sparkman's term.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
83
84
85
86
87
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Redistricted to the At-large district.
Population 321,459

Colbert, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
88 District inactive, all representatives elected at large January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
89
90
91
92
Robert E. Jones, Jr.jpg Robert E. Jones, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
Elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Redistricted from the At-large district.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
Population 383,625

Colbert, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Morgan
District inactive January 3, 1973 –
Present

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official Congressional Directory. 45th Congress, 2nd session. 3rd edition. Page 5 (1878)