Albert Einstein College of Medicine

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Coordinates: 40°51′03″N 73°50′42″W / 40.850852°N 73.844949°W / 40.850852; -73.844949

Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Albert Einstein College of Medicine.svg
TypePrivate, not-for-profit, nonsectarian
Established1953; 67 years ago (1953)
Parent institution
Montefiore Medical Center
DeanGordon Tomaselli
Academic staff
2,000+ full-time
Students
Location, ,
US
CampusUrban
NicknameEinstein
Website[1]

Albert Einstein College of Medicine is a private medical school located in the Morris Park neighborhood of the Bronx in New York City. Einstein currently operates as an independent degree-granting institute under the Montefiore Medical Center; it was part of Yeshiva University until 2016.

It is well-rated in care and research, and its NIH funding per investigator ranks high (7th among US universities in 2019).[1][2][3]

Einstein offers a M.D. program and a Ph.D. program in the biomedical sciences and clinical investigation, and two Master of Science (M.S.) degrees.

History[edit]

Samuel Belkin, then-president of Yeshiva University, began planning a new medical school as early as 1945. Six years later, Belkin and New York City Mayor Vincent Impellitteri entered into an agreement to begin its construction with funding from Henry H. Minskoff[4] and Phillip Stollman.[5] Around the same time, world-renowned physicist and humanitarian Albert Einstein sent a letter to Belkin. He remarked that such an endeavor would be "unique" in that the school would "welcome students of all creeds and races".[6] Two years later, on his 74th birthday, March 14, 1953, Albert Einstein agreed to have his name attached to the medical school.

The first classes began September 12, 1955, with 56 students. It was the first new medical school to open in New York City since 1897. The Sue Golding Graduate Division was established in 1957 to offer Doctor of Philosophy degrees in biomedical disciplines.[7] The Medical Scientist Training Program, a combined MD–PhD program, was started 1964.[8] The Clinical Research Training Program, which confers Master of Science degrees in clinical research methods, began in July 1998.[9]

In February 2015, Yeshiva University announced the transfer of ownership of Einstein to the Montefiore Health System, in order to eliminate a large deficit from the university's financial statements. The medical school accounted for approximately two-thirds of the university's annual operating deficits, which had reached about $100 million before the announcement.[10] On September 9, 2015, the agreement between Yeshiva and Montefiore was finalized, and financial and operational control of Albert Einstein College of Medicine was transferred to Montefiore.[11][12] Yeshiva University continued to grant Einstein's degrees until 2018, as the medical school achieved independent degree-granting authority in the spring of 2019.[13][14]

Student body[edit]

There are 183 first-year medical students in the Class of 2022. 7,052 people applied for seats, and 1,100 were interviewed. 54% of the class identify as women and 16% identify with groups underrepresented in medicine. Ages range from 21 to 33 with an average age of 23.5. 17% of students were born outside the United States and students come from 20 U.S. states. 8% of students have master's degrees and 13% are certified EMTs. Students have an excellent track record of volunteer service.[15]

Programs[edit]

Medical Scientist Training Program[edit]

Einstein's MSTP was one of the original three programs funded by the NIH in 1964, and has been funded continuously since then.[16] The program is designed to train investigators who could bridge the gap between basic science and clinical research by providing integrated graduate and clinical training. Einstein's MSTP offers an integrated first-year curriculum covering both graduate and medical coursework. Second-year MSTP students complete the second year M.D. curriculum while working to select a Ph.D. thesis advisor. After performing one clinical clerkship, students commence their thesis research while completing any remaining coursework required for their graduate department. Students are expected to publish at least one first author, peer-reviewed paper. On average, students publish two first-author papers and four papers. After defending their dissertation, students complete the required clinical clerkships then have the opportunity to take "fourth-year" electives.[17] While on dissertation status, students have the opportunity to attend the MSTP continuity clinic which ensures they stay in touch with patients and the clinical atmosphere.[18]

Since the first graduating class in 1961, the Graduate Division of Biomedical Sciences has trained over 1600 students, including 400 M.D./Ph.D. students. The average time to complete the degree is 5.8 years, and students produce an average of four peer-reviewed papers and two first-author peer-reviewed papers.[19] Students do not apply to a specific department, but rather to the Ph.D. program as a whole, permitting them to rotate across laboratories and disciplines to make an informed choice regarding their thesis laboratory.

Master's Degree Programs[edit]

The Clinical Research Training Program, founded in 1998, leads to the awarding of the Master of Science in Clinical Research Methods. This program involves spending one year after clerkships and some elective time during the fourth year completing courses in clinical research methods and driving a mentor-guided research project that leads to two first-author manuscripts. This program is offered at no additional cost to medical students and fellowship stipends are available.[20] In addition to medical students, clinical fellows and academic researchers also take part in this training.

In partnership with The Cardozo School of Law, Einstein offers a Master of Science in Bioethics that focuses on transnational work in bioethics to help professionals improve care and communication.[21]

Affiliations[edit]

The college has a network of affiliated hospitals, including ones operated by Montefiore Medical Center and Children's Hospital at Montefiore,[22] Einstein also runs the Rose F. Kennedy Center, which conducts research and treatment for people with developmental disabilities.[citation needed]

Centers and institutes[edit]

The Children's Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center[23][24] is the main clinical arm of the Rose F. Kennedy Center, one of 67 similar centers in the United States. The Center for Ethics at Yeshiva University and the Institute for Public Health Sciences are both affiliated with the medical school, as are the Albert Einstein Cancer Center, a U.S. Center for AIDS Research, the Diabetes Research and Training Center, the Hispanic Center of Excellence, the Institute for Aging Research, the Institute for Clinical and Translational Research, and the Institute for Onco-Physics. [25]

Achievements[edit]

Price Center
The Michael F. Price Center for Genetic and Translational Medicine and Harold and Muriel Block Research Pavilion, 2008

Einstein has supported such medical achievements as:[26]

  • Einstein researchers demonstrated the association between reduced levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) cholesterol and heart disease.
  • Einstein scientists discovered structural abnormalities of brain cells that explain certain forms of intellectual disability.
  • The Division of Substance Abuse is the largest addiction treatment program in the Bronx.
  • In 1964, Einstein was the first medical school in the United States to establish a Department of Genetics.
  • In 1965, Einstein opened one of the first General Clinical Research Centers in the US, funded by the NIH
  • In 1976, researchers at Einstein identified the mechanism of action of Taxol, a cancer drug.
  • In 1988, one of the first U.S.Centers for AIDS Research funded by the NIH was created at Einstein.

Allegations of discrimination[edit]

The college has been the center of several allegations of discrimination. In 1994, Einstein was sued by Heidi Weissmann, a researcher in nuclear medicine and former associate professor of radiology, for sexual discrimination for not promoting her due to gender bias. The case was settled for $900,000.[27] In 1989, Heidi Weissmann also won a copyright infringement suit against her former colleague and co-author Leonard M. Freeman, who published as his own an article written by Weissmann after adding three words to the title.[28]

In 1998, Yeshiva University was sued by the American Civil Liberties Union for discrimination against two medical students over their sexual orientation by not allowing their non-student, non-married partners to live with them in student housing.[29]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Goldstein, Matthew J.; Lunn, Mitchell R.; Peng, Lily (May 2015). "What Makes a Top Research Medical School? A Call for a New Model to Evaluate Academic Physicians and Medical School Performance:". Academic Medicine. 90 (5): 603–608. doi:10.1097/ACM.0000000000000646. ISSN 1040-2446. PMID 25607941.
  2. ^ "Yeshiva University (Einstein)". U.S. News & World Report.
  3. ^ "Einstein Ranks 7th in NIH Awards Per Principal Investigator Among Top U.S. Medical Schools". Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
  4. ^ New York Times: "Henry H. Minskoff, 73, Head of Major Building Company" by Glenn Fowler August 15, 1984.
  5. ^ "Phillip Stollman Dies, Held Many Top Posts". Jewish Post (Indianapolis). May 13, 1998.
  6. ^ "Einstein: Albert Einstein College of Medicine". einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  7. ^ "History: Albert Einstein College of Medicine". einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  8. ^ "Welcome to the MSTP @ Einstein!", Albert Einstein College of Medicine website.
  9. ^ "C.R.T.P. Home — Clinical & Translational Research — Albert Einstein College of Medicine". einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
  10. ^ Yeshiva U. Finally Closes Deal To Shed Burden of Money-Losing Einstein Medical School The Jewish Daily Forward, 4 February 2015.
  11. ^ "Yeshiva University, Montefiore Finalize New Agreement for Albert Einstein College of Medicine". news-medical.net. News-Medical.net. September 10, 2015. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Yeshiva University, Montefiore finalize new agreement for Albert Einstein College of Medicine". 10 September 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  13. ^ Spiegel, Allen M. (September 9, 2015). "Promising Future for "New" Einstein" (PDF). einstein.yu.edu. Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  14. ^ http://www.einstein.yu.edu/news/releases/1328/albert-einstein-college-of-medicine-achieves-independent-degree-granting-authority/
  15. ^ "Profile of the Class of 2022 | M.D. Admissions | Albert Einstein College of Medicine". www.einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  16. ^ "History | Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) | Albert Einstein College of Medicine". www.einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  17. ^ "Program Description | Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) | Albert Einstein College of Medicine". www.einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  18. ^ "Features | Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) | Albert Einstein College of Medicine". www.einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  19. ^ "Einstein Graduate Student Outcomes & Alumni Statistics | Graduate Programs in the Biomedical Sciences | Albert Einstein College of Medicine". www.einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  20. ^ "Master Degree Programs | M.D. Program | Albert Einstein College of Medicine". www.einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  21. ^ "Einstein Students Complementing the M.D. with the M.B.E. | Einstein-Cardozo Bioethics Graduate Education | Albert Einstein College of Medicine". www.einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  22. ^ "Getting to The Weiler Division". Montefiore.org. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
  23. ^ "Children's Evaluation & Rehabilitation Center". einstein.yu.edu. Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
  24. ^ "Einstein's Children Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center Names First Research Director — Einstein News". einstein.yu.edu. 2010-01-01. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
  25. ^ "Centers - Albert Einstein College of Medicine". einstein.yu.edu. Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
  26. ^ "Einstein Firsts — Albert Einstein College of Medicine". einstein.yu.edu. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  27. ^ "Medical School, Researcher Settle Sex Bias Lawsuit; Experts Say $900,000 Payment Could Encourage Similar Cases". The Washington Post. March 18, 1994.
  28. ^ "Heidi S. Weissmann, M.D., Cross-Appellee v. Leonard M. Freeman, M.D., Cross-Appellant, 868 F.2d 1313 (2d Cir. 1989)". 1989.
  29. ^ Honan, William H. (June 25, 1998). "A.C.L.U. Sues Yeshiva U. On Housing for Gay Couples". New York Times. Retrieved 18 November 2016.