Alex Mooney

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Alex Mooney
Alex Mooney Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from West Virginia's 2nd district
Assumed office
January 3, 2015
Preceded byShelley Moore Capito
Chair of the Maryland Republican Party
In office
December 11, 2010 – March 1, 2013[1]
Preceded byAudrey Scott[2]
Succeeded byDiana Waterman[3]
Member of the Maryland Senate
from the 3rd district
In office
January 13, 1999 – January 12, 2011
Preceded byJohn W. Derr
Succeeded byRonald N. Young
Personal details
Alexander Xavier Mooney

(1971-06-07) June 7, 1971 (age 50)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Grace Gonzalez
(m. 2002)
RelativesXavier Suarez (uncle)
Francis X. Suarez (cousin)
EducationDartmouth College (BA)
WebsiteHouse website

Alexander Xavier Mooney (born June 7, 1971)[4] is the U.S. Representative for West Virginia's 2nd congressional district since 2015. He is a member of the Republican Party. He served in the Maryland State Senate, representing District 3, from 1999 to 2011 and is a former Chairman of the Maryland Republican Party. He is the first Hispanic elected to Congress from West Virginia.[5]

Early life, education, and early career[edit]

Mooney's mother, Lala, was a Cuban refugee who escaped from political imprisonment at the age of 21, shortly after the Bay of Pigs Invasion.[6] His mother's older brother is former Miami mayor Xavier Suarez; Mooney is also the cousin of the current mayor of Miami, Francis X. Suarez.[7] His great-grandparents on his father's side were Irish born. His father Vincent grew up in Long Island, New York. Mooney was born in 1971 in Washington D.C. and raised in Frederick, Maryland. He graduated from Frederick High School, where he was elected as president of the student government.[6]

In 1993, Mooney received his B.A. in philosophy from Dartmouth College. While attending Dartmouth, he ran for the New Hampshire House of Representatives in Grafton County's 10th District. He finished in last place with 8% of the vote.[8] In 2007, Mooney was elected to the Executive Committee of the Dartmouth College Association of Alumni.[9] In early 2008, Mooney traveled to New Hampshire to testify in support of a state bill that would require legislative approval for amendments that the private Board of Trustees of Dartmouth College wished to make to its charter.[10]

After college, Mooney served as staff assistant to U.S. Representative Roscoe Bartlett. In 1995 he became a legislative analyst for the Republican Conference of the U.S. House of Representatives.[11]

Maryland Senate[edit]

Mooney represented Maryland's 3rd District, which covers parts of Washington and Frederick Counties, in the Maryland Senate, from January 1999 to January 2011. While in office, he served as the executive director of the National Journalism Center from 2005 to 2012.


In 1998, Mooney defeated incumbent Republican John W. Derr in the primary election and Democrat Ronald S. Bird in the general election.[12] In 2002, Mooney was re-elected, defeating Democrat Sue Hecht, with 55% of the vote.[13] In 2006, he won re-election with 52% of the vote against Candy Greenway.[14] In 2010, Democrat Ronald N. Young, Mayor of Frederick, defeated him 51%–49%.[15][16]

Committee assignments[edit]

In the Maryland State Senate, Mooney was a member of the Judicial Proceedings Committee, the Joint Committee on Investigation, and formerly a member of the Joint Committee on Federal Relations, and the Education, Health and Environmental Affairs Committee. He served on the Maryland Rural Caucus, the Taxpayers Protection Caucus, and the Maryland Veterans Caucus.

Post-Senate career[edit]

Mooney in 2008

Chairman of the Maryland GOP[edit]

On December 11, 2010, Mooney was elected as Chairman of the Maryland Republican Party. He was Chairman until early 2013.

2012 congressional election[edit]

The redistricting done by the Maryland legislature, based on the 2010 census, significantly redrew the boundaries of incumbent Roscoe G. Bartlett's 6th District. Heavily Republican Carroll County, as well as more Republican portions of Baltimore, Frederick and Harford counties, were shifted out of the district, replaced by a heavily Democratic spur of Montgomery County.[17] In 2008, Barack Obama only took 40 percent of the vote in the old 6th, but would have won 56 percent in the new 6th.[18] After creating an exploratory committee to challenge Bartlett in the Republican primary,[19] Mooney decided not to run against him.[20]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]



In March 2012, Mooney filed as a candidate in the 2014 Republican primary for Maryland's 6th congressional District. He subsequently had to withdraw his candidacy because he was still Bartlett's part-time outreach director at the time he filed papers to run. House ethics rules do not allow congressional staffers to remain employed in a congressional office while campaigning.[21][22]

Mooney subsequently moved to Charles Town, West Virginia, a small town on the state's eastern tip, and declared his candidacy for West Virginia's 2nd congressional district.[23] The district includes most of the West Virginia portion of the Washington, DC, media market. Seven-term Republican incumbent Shelley Moore Capito was giving up the seat to run for the United States Senate.[24] During his campaign, some West Virginia Democrats accused Mooney of being a "carpetbagger" since he had recently moved to West Virginia.[25]

Mooney received the Republican Party nomination on May 13, 2014, beating six other opponents in the Republican primary. Mooney finished first in 15 of the 17 counties in the congressional district, with an overall total of 36.02 percent of the vote.[26]

Mooney faced Democrat Nick Casey in the 2014 general election.[27] On November 4, 2014, he defeated Casey, 49 percent to 47 percent. He won Berkeley County, in the state's Eastern Panhandle, by 5,000 votes, which was more than his overall margin of 4,900 votes. Berkeley, like Charles Town, is part of the Washington media market.[28] Mooney was also helped by long coattails from Capito, who carried every county in the district (and the state).[29]

Mooney became the first Latino elected to West Virginia's congressional delegation in the state's history.[5]


Results by county, 2016

Mooney ran for re-election in 2016.[30] He defeated Marc Savitt in the May 10, 2016, Republican primary, receiving 72.9% of the vote to Savitt's 27.1%.[31] Mooney faced Democratic state delegate Mark Hunt in the general election. Mooney defeated Hunt with 58% of the vote.[32][33]


Mooney was sworn in on January 3, 2015. On March 26, 2015, Mooney introduced H.R. 1644, the Supporting Transparent Regulatory and Environmental Actions in Mining Act (STREAM Act). The full House passed the bill on January 19, 2016, by a vote of 235–188.[34]

In December 2020, Mooney was one of 126 Republican members of the House of Representatives who signed an amicus brief in support of Texas v. Pennsylvania, a lawsuit filed at the United States Supreme Court contesting the results of the 2020 presidential election, in which Joe Biden prevailed[35] over incumbent Donald Trump. The Supreme Court declined to hear the case on the basis that Texas lacked standing under Article III of the Constitution to challenge the results of the election held by another state.[36][37][38]

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi issued a statement that called signing the amicus brief an act of "election subversion." Additionally, Pelosi reprimanded Mooney and the other House members who supported the lawsuit: "The 126 Republican Members that signed onto this lawsuit brought dishonor to the House. Instead of upholding their oath to support and defend the Constitution, they chose to subvert the Constitution and undermine public trust in our sacred democratic institutions."[39][40] New Jersey Representative Bill Pascrell, citing section three of the 14th Amendment, called for Pelosi to not seat Mooney and the other Republicans who signed the brief supporting the suit. Pascrell argued that "the text of the 14th Amendment expressly forbids Members of Congress from engaging in rebellion against the United States. Trying to overturn a democratic election and install a dictator seems like a pretty clear example of that."[41]

Mooney hiding in the House gallery, while holding a gas mask, during the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol.

Mooney supported Texas v. Pennsylvania, a failed attempt to overturn the 2020 United States presidential election. In the days leading up to the 2021 United States Electoral College vote count, Mooney stated that he had not decided if he would vote to certify or not, choosing to decide on the House Floor after listening to debate.[42] Mooney did not support the Arizona objection to the certification, which was sponsored by Senator Ted Cruz.[43] Mooney was in the House Chambers listening to the certification debate when the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol happened. Mooney hid in the gallery with other congressmembers before being removed from the gallery to a safe place.[44]

After the Capitol was secure and Congress returned to certify the results, Mooney supported the objection to certifying the Pennsylvania electoral votes, as sponsored by Senator Josh Hawley. Mooney claimed that Pennsylvania violated election laws, ignored their state constitution and that the "legislature was subverted."[43] In response to Mooney's decision, the Charleston Gazette-Mail editorial board charged him with "subverting democracy" and said Mooney, and fellow West Virginia Congressmember Carol Miller, were complicit in the Capitol attack by their unwavering support of Trump.[45]

On January 11, 2021, the Democrats introduced a resolution to call on Vice President Mike Pence to invoke the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution to remove Trump in response to the attack on the Capitol. When the resolution was presented, Mooney objected stating that Congress "should not adopt a resolution of this magnitude without any debate on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives. It is wrong to have sent members of Congress home and then try to adopt without any debate a precedent-setting resolution that could imperil our Republic."[46]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucuses memberships[edit]

Political positions[edit]

Gold Standard[edit]

Mooney supports a return to the gold standard.[50] In 2021, he introduced the Gold Reserve Transparency Act (H.R. 3526[51]) which would audit the country's gold reserves for the first time since President Eisenhower was in office. The bill gained support among free-market proponents and groups such as the Sound Money Defense League and Money Metals Exchange.[52]


In 2021, during a House vote on a measure condemning the Myanmar coup d'état that overwhelmingly passed, Mooney was among fourteen Republican Representatives who voted against it, for reasons reported to be unclear.[53]


In June 2021, Mooney was one of forty-nine House Republicans who voted in favor of the repeal of the AUMF against Iraq.[54][55]

Electoral history[edit]

West Virginia[edit]

West Virginia's 2nd congressional district: Results 2014–2020
Year Republican Votes Pct Democratic Votes Pct Third party Party Votes Pct Third party Party Votes Pct
2014 Alex Mooney 72,619 47.1% Nick Casey 67,687 43.9% Davy Jones Libertarian 7,682 5.0% Ed Rabel Independent 6,250 4.0%
2016 140,807 58.2% Mark Hunt 101,207 41.8%
2018 110,504 53.9% Talley Sergent 88,011 43.0% Daniel Lutz Mountain 6,277 3.1%
2020 172,195 63.1% Cathy Kunkel 100,799 36.9%


  • 2010 Race for Maryland State Senate – District 3[56]
Name Votes Percent Outcome
Ronald N. Young, Dem. 22,710 51.1% Won
Alex X. Mooney, Rep. 21,666 48.7% Lost
Other Write-Ins 75 0.2% Lost
  • 2006 Race for Maryland State Senate – District 3[14]
Name Votes Percent Outcome
Alex X. Mooney, Rep. 21,844 51.9% Won
Candy O. Greenway, Dem. 20,111 47.8% Lost
Other Write-Ins 104 0.2% Lost
  • 2002 Race for Maryland State Senate – District 3[13]
Name Votes Percent Outcome
Alex X. Mooney, Rep. 21,617 55.0% Won
C. Sue Hecht, Dem. 17,654 44.9% Lost
Other Write-Ins 66 0.2% Lost
  • 1998 Race for Maryland State Senate – District 3[57]
Name Votes Percent Outcome
Alex X. Mooney, Rep. 18,399 56% Won
Ronald S. Bird, Dem. 14,212 44% Lost

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wagner, John (February 9, 2013). "Alex X. Mooney announces resignation as Maryland GOP chairman" – via
  2. ^ Sun, By Michael Dresser, The Baltimore. "Defeats lead to calls for Maryland Republican chief's ouster".
  3. ^ Wagner, John (April 21, 2013). "New Maryland GOP chairwoman Waterman seeks pickups in legislature" – via
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b "West Virginia, the nation's least Hispanic state, elects its first Latino congressman". FOX News Latino. New York City, New York. November 4, 2014. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Home". Mooney for Congress.
  7. ^ Van Buren, Eleanor (October 29, 2020). "Don't Throw Out Your Intern ID Badge. You May Want It When You're in Congress". Roll Call. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  8. ^ "". Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  9. ^ "Dartmouth Alumni". Trustees of Dartmouth College.
  10. ^ John Gregg (January 22, 2008). "College Charter Bill Advances". The Valley News.
  11. ^ Stephanie Desmon (October 21, 2002). "Frederick Senate race has harsh tone; 'Dirty' maneuvering marks contentious contest between Hecht, Mooney". The Baltimore Sun.
  12. ^ "Gubernatorial Primary – September 15, 1998". Washington County Board of Elections. 2014. Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  13. ^ a b "2002 Gubernatorial General – Official Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  14. ^ a b "Official 2006 Gubernatorial General Election results for State Senator". Maryland State Board of Elections. 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  15. ^ "2010 General Election Official Results". Maryland Local Board of Elections. 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  16. ^ "". Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  17. ^ "Republicans Outnumber Dems Running for GOP Rep's Maryland Seat". Fox News. November 11, 2011.
  18. ^ Ford, C. Benjamin (November 18, 2011). "GOP candidates lining up to take on Bartlett". Gazette.Net. Archived from the original on November 22, 2011. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  19. ^ Pershing, Ben (December 1, 2011). "State GOP chair Alex Mooney to challenge Roscoe Bartlett in primary". The Washington Post.
  20. ^ Pershing, Ben (January 10, 2012). "State GOP Chair Alex Mooney won't challenge Bartlett in primary". The Washington Post.
  21. ^ Pershing, Ben (September 20, 2012). "Bartlett aide, state GOP head Alex Mooney drops candidacy to comply with ethics rules". The Washington Post.
  22. ^ Kilar, Steve (September 22, 2012). "Bartlett aide admits he erred by not disavowing his own candidacy". The Baltimore Sun.
  23. ^ Ford, C. Benjamin (March 19, 2013). "Mooney's West Virginia move surprises Maryland GOP". Gazette.Net. Archived from the original on July 26, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  24. ^ Messina, Lawrence (July 14, 2013). "2014 field growing in W.Va. federal races". Sunday Gazette-Mail.
  25. ^ Livington, Abby (July 10, 2014). "At the Races – Roll Call's Politics Blog West Virginia Newcomer Battles Carpetbagger Label". Roll Call. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  26. ^ "Statewide Results: Primary Election – May 13, 2014". West Virginia Secretary of State. 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  27. ^ Walshe, Shushannah (May 13, 2014). "Tea Party's Alex Mooney Wins West Virginia GOP House Primary". ABC News. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  28. ^ Vergaris, Brock (November 4, 2014). "GOP's Mooney wins W.Va. 2nd congressional seat". The Journal. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  29. ^ "West Virginia Senate results -- 2014 Election Center -- Elections and Politics from". CNN.
  30. ^ "Mooney faces 2nd District GOP challenger; 5 Dems square off". The Tampa Tribune. April 23, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  31. ^ "NYT West Virginia Primary Results". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  32. ^ "West Virginia U.S. House 2nd District Results: Alex Mooney Wins". The New York Times. November 16, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
  33. ^ "West Virginia Statewide Results General Election – November 8, 2016 Official Results". West Virginia Secretary of State. November 8, 2016. Archived from the original on December 25, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  34. ^ Mooney, Alexander X. (January 19, 2016). "Actions - H.R.1644 - 114th Congress (2015-2016): Supporting Transparent Regulatory and Environmental Actions in Mining Act". Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  35. ^ Blood, Michael R.; Riccardi, Nicholas (December 5, 2020). "Biden officially secures enough electors to become president". AP News. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  36. ^ Liptak, Adam (December 11, 2020). "Supreme Court Rejects Texas Suit Seeking to Subvert Election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  37. ^ "Order in Pending Case" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United States. December 11, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  38. ^ Diaz, Daniella. "Brief from 126 Republicans supporting Texas lawsuit in Supreme Court". CNN. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  39. ^ Smith, David (December 12, 2020). "Supreme court rejects Trump-backed Texas lawsuit aiming to overturn election results". The Guardian. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
  40. ^ "Pelosi Statement on Supreme Court Rejecting GOP Election Sabotage Lawsuit" (Press release). Speaker Nancy Pelosi. December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
  41. ^ Williams, Jordan (December 11, 2020). "Democrat asks Pelosi to refuse to seat lawmakers supporting Trump's election challenges". TheHill. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  42. ^ "West Virginia congressional delegation weigh in on Electoral College count". WCHS. January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  43. ^ a b Patterson, Janelle; Adams, Steven Allen (January 8, 2021). "Certification Vote Divides W.Va., Ohio Delegations". The Intelligencer. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  44. ^ Morris, Jeff; Stowers, Shannon (January 6, 2021). "W.Va. congressional representative says he was equipped with 'escape hood'". WCHS. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  45. ^ "Gazette-Mail editorial: Miller, Mooney wrong to try and thwart election". Charleston Gazette-Mail. January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  46. ^ "Mooney objects to Pelosi bid to invoke 25th Amendment on Trump by unanimous consent". WV News. January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  47. ^ "What is the House Freedom Caucus, and who's in it?". Pew research center. October 20, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  48. ^ "Members". Congressional Western Caucus. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  49. ^ "Member List". Republican Study Committee. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  50. ^ Mooney, Alex (March 25, 2018). "Steel and Aluminum? Let's Talk About Gold". WSJ. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  51. ^ Mooney, Alexander X. (May 25, 2021). "H.R.3526 - 117th Congress (2021-2022): To provide for the first true audit of gold owned by the United States in more than 65 years, and subsequent audits every 5 years". Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  52. ^ "U.S. Congressman Seeks Full Audit of America's Gold Reserves". Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  53. ^ Diaz, Daniella; Wilson, Kristin (March 19, 2021). "14 House Republicans vote against a measure condemning military coup in Myanmar". CNN. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^ "State Senate Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  57. ^ "State Senate Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved October 8, 2007.

External links[edit]

Maryland Senate
Preceded by
John W. Derr
Member of the Maryland Senate
from the 3rd district

Succeeded by
Ronald N. Young
Party political offices
Preceded by
Audrey Scott
Chair of the Maryland Republican Party
Succeeded by
Diana Waterman
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Shelley Moore Capito
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from West Virginia's 2nd congressional district

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
John Moolenaar
United States representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Seth Moulton