All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen

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All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen
AbbreviationAIMIM
PresidentAsaduddin Owaisi
SecretarySyed Ahmed Pasha Quadri
Lok Sabha leaderAsaduddin Owaisi,Syed Imtiaz Jaleel
FounderNawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan
Founded12 November 1927 (92 years ago) (1927-11-12)
HeadquartersDarussalam, Aghapura, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
NewspaperIndian Etemaad (Urdu)
Membership3,08,473 (2018)[1]
Political positionCentre-right to
right-wing[2][3]
ColoursGreen
ECI StatusState Party[4]
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 245
Seats in State Legislative Assemblies
Election symbol
kite
Website
www.aimim.org

The All India Majlis-e-Ittehad-ul-Muslimeen or AIMIM (translation: "All India Council for Unity of Muslims") is an Indian regional political party based in the Indian state of Telangana,[5][6] with its head office in the Aghapura Hyderabad Telangana, India, which has its roots in the Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen.[7][8][9][10] AIMIM formally MIM strongly advocated the set up of a "Muslim dominion" rather than integration with India but later after integration of Hydrabad in India the organisation changed their stance but still remained a party dominated by strong hold of Islamic ideology.

AIMIM has held the Lok Sabha seat for the Hyderabad constituency since 1984. In the 2014 Telangana Legislative Assembly elections, the AIMIM won seven seats and received recognition as a 'state party' by the Election Commission of India.[4][11]

The AIMIM was initially a city-based party, with influence only in Hyderabad, but the party won two seats in the 2014 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election and one seat in the 2019 Maharashtra Lok Sabha[12][13] and emerged as the second largest party in the Aurangabad municipal elections.[14] The party president and member of parliament Asaduddin Owaisi received the Sansad Ratna Award for 2014. The party has long been seen as a political representation of Muslims in the state of Telangana now in whole India.[8][15] On 10 January 2020, party president Asad Uddin Owaisi lead a protest against CAA, NRC, NPR at Shastripuram grounds in Hyderabad after Friday prayers. This rally named Tiranga Rally is organised by the United Muslim Action Committee, an umbrella group of religious and social scholars and several small welfare organisations of India. The protesters demand to revoke CAA immediately.

History[edit]

Late Qaaid-e-Millat Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung
Qasim Razvi chalking out plans during Operation Polo

The party has roots back to the days of the princely State of Hyderabad. It was founded and shaped by Nawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan Qiledar of Hyderabad State with the "advice" of Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan, the Nizam of Hyderabad and in the presence of Ulma-e-Mashaeqeen in 1927 as a pro-Nizam party.[16] Then it was only Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM) and the first meeting was held in the house of Nawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan on 12 November 1927. The MIM advocated the set up of a "Muslim dominion" rather than integration with India.[17][18][19] In 1938, Bahadur Yar Jung was elected "president" of the MIM which had a "cultural" and religious manifesto. It soon acquired political complexion and after the death of Bahadur Yar Jang in 1944, Qasim Rizvi was elected as the leader.[20]

The Razakars, led by Kasim Razvi, were an Islamist paramilitary organization of self-styled "volunteers" formed, ostensibly, to "resist merger" with India. Razvi and MIM wanted a Muslim country to be carved out of Hyderabad as South Pakistan.[21] The Razakars operated as "storm troopers" for the MIM. The 150,000 Razakar "soldiers", supposedly "mobilized" to "fight against the Indian Union" for the "independence" of Hyderabad State.[This quote needs a citation] After the Indian annexation of Hyderabad State, the MIM was banned in 1948. Qasim Rizvi was jailed from 1948 to 1957, and was released on the condition that he would go to Pakistan where he was granted an asylum.[22]

Before leaving, Qasim Rizvi handed over the responsibility of whatever remained of the Ittehadul Muslimeen, to Abdul Wahid Owaisi, a lawyer. Owaisi organised it into the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen.[23][24] After Abdul Wahed Owaisi, his son Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi took control of AIMIM in 1975 and was referred to as Salar E Millat (commander of the community).[25][26][27]

Leadership[edit]

Post Name
National President Asaduddin Owaisi[28]
General Secretary Syed Ahmed Pasha Quadri
National Spokesperson Waris Pathan[29]
National Spokesperson Asim Waqar[30]
Telangana Assembly Floor Leader Akbaruddin Owaisi[31]
MLA Byculla 2014 to 2019 Waris Pathan
Maharashtra President Imtiyaz Jaleel
West Bengal President Zameerul Hasan[32]
Bihar President Akhtarul Iman
Uttar Pradesh President Shaukat Ali
Jharkhand President Hubban Malick[33]
Karnataka President Usman Ghani Humnabad[34]
Tamil Nadu President idimurasu ismayil[citation needed]

In Indian politics[edit]

Abdul Wahid Owaisi - Revived AIMIM in 1958
Late Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi emerged as a supremo of AIMIM

In 1960, AIMIM won the Mallepally ward of Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. In 1962, Salahuddin won from Patharghatti assembly seat as an Independent candidate and later from Charminar constituency in 1967. In 1972, he won from Yakutpura and later in 1978, again from Charminar.[citation needed]

In 1984 AIMIM emerged victorious in the Hyderabad Lok Sabha Seat and Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi represented Hyderabad till 2004. Since then, Salahuddin's elder son Asaduddin Owaisi represents the seat of Hyderabad.[35][36][37] Mohammad Majid Hussain of the AIMIM was unanimously elected as the Mayor of Greater Hyderabad on 2 January 2012.[38]

AIMIM was once reduced to one Assembly seat in Andhra Pradesh in 1994.[39] On 12 November 2012, Asaduddin Owaisi announced the withdrawal of support to the UPA government citing communal policies of the current congress led government.[40][41] All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen was then supporting Congress, both at Centre and at state level in Andhra Pradesh.[42][43][44]

In the Hyderabad Municipality election of 2009, AIMIM won 43 out of 150 seats in the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad[45] was appointed as Mayor of Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, Mohammad Majid Hussain.[46] Party president Asaduddin Owaisi won the Sansad Ratna award for his outstanding performance in lok Sabha.[47]

AIMIM made entry into Maharashtra state by winning 13 seats in Nanded-Waghala city municipal council polls held in October 2012.[48] AIMIM made its entry into Karnataka state by winning 6 seats in Karnataka local body elections held in March 2013.[49] In the 2014 elections, AIMIM contested in 35 MLA (20 in Telangana and 15 in Seemandhra) and 6 MP seats in undivided Andhra Pradesh, but was not able to win any extra seats and won the same seven Assembly seats and one lone Lok Sabha seat in Old Hyderabad city.[50]

Nizamabad has been a stronghold of MIM due to its dominant Muslim population. In the 2014 elections, MIM won 16 divisions, as much as the Congress, of the total 50 in Nizamabad City Municipal Corporation.[51] They lost the assembly seat to TRS but secured the position of Deputy Mayor of the city.[52] However, in the 2020 elections, MIM managed to secure an upper hand over Telangana Rashta Samithi by once again winning 16 of the 60 divisions coming only next to BJP's 28 seats. The TRS and MIM in alliance regained the city's Mayor and Deputy Mayor's post. MIM also secured the Bhainsa municipality by winning 12 wards after a gap of 10 years.[53] The party has for the first time opened its account in Seemandhra by securing five wards of Adoni municipality in Kurnool district.[51]

AIMIM performed very well in Uttar Pradesh Civic Body Elections 2017 and registered victory on 31 seats out of 78 seats it contested. In 2018, AIMIM has collaborated with Prakash Ambedkar's Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi party in Maharashtra.[54][55] AIMIM & VBA contested the 2019 Lok Sabha elections in Maharashtra. Out of the 48 seats AIMIM contested one seat of Aurangabad and the VBA candidate for the remaining 47 seats. Imtiyaz Jaleel won the Aurangabad seat.

AIMIM has opened their account in Bihar by winning Kishanganj assembly seat in the bypolls. Qamrul Hoda defeated nearest BJP candidate by more than 10000 votes.

Non-Muslim candidates[edit]

AIMIM has fielded Hindus in various assembly and local body elections.[56][57][58][59][60] The AIMIM selected Alampally Pochiah as its First Mayor in the City.[61] MIM had three Hindu Hyderabad mayors- K. Prakash Rao, A. Satyanarayana and Alampalli Pochaiah.[62] A Muralidhar Reddy, Hindu candidate being fielded for an assembly seat by Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen from Rajendranagar constituency.

In 2013 local elections party fielded a woman candidate from Hindu OBC, V.Bhanumathi, who won election against Hajira Sultana from Congress by 1,282 votes.[63]

Philanthropy[edit]

AIMIM donated relief worth 78.75 lakh for Uttarakhand flood victims in 2013.[64][65]

AIMIM donated over 4 crores aid to the Chennai floods victims of Chennai in December 2015. The All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) Chief Asaduddin Owaisi donated over 4 crores aid to the flood affected victims of Chennai.[66]

AIMIM donated over 50 Lakh aid to the 2017 Bihar flood victims in August 2017.[67]

During the 2018 Floods in Kerala State, AIMIM donated 16 Lakh and medicines worth 10 lakh to the flood relief fund.[68][69]

During 2020 Delhi riots, AIMIM organized two medical relief camps in Delhi & donated medicines worth 4 Lakhs. Asaduddin Owaisi announced that all the elected representatives of AIMIM will donate their 1-month salary for those who got affected in the Delhi riots.[70]

References[edit]

  1. ^ MIM (20 January 2014). "About the Party | All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen". Aimim.in. Archived from the original on 8 June 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  2. ^ Seem Mustafa, Why the Owaisi Brothers can only Help the BJP, The Citizen, 6 January 2015
  3. ^ Bihar election result: Asaduddin Owaisi’s right-wing pitch falls flat in Bihar, The Times of India, 8 November 2015.
  4. ^ a b Special Correspondent. "MIM gets State party recognition". The Hindu.
  5. ^ Manoj, C. L. (5 December 2018). "Telangana: Several Plots, subplots for muslim votes in Hyderabad & beyond" – via The Economic Times.
  6. ^ "Telangana assembly elections 2018: MIM eyes clean sweep, muscles into 8th fort | Hyderabad News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  7. ^ "Election Commission of AP: List of Political parties" (PDF).
  8. ^ a b Ajaz Ashraf (24 November 2014). "Hidden history of the Owaisis: What MIM doesn't want you to know". Firstpost.
  9. ^ "Javed Akhtar vs Asaduddin Owaisi: They represent very different cultural spaces of the Indian Muslim". 20 March 2016 – via The Economic Times.
  10. ^ Daniyal, Shoaib. "'Why are you bracketing me as a Muslim?: Asaduddin Owaisi on why he won't say 'Bharat Mata ki Jai'".
  11. ^ "Election Commission of India has recognized the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul muslimeen as a state party for the state of Telengana..!!!". All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen. Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  12. ^ "MIM must grow beyond Owaisis | India News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  13. ^ "'Outsider' MIM makes maiden entry into Maharashtra Assembly, MNS bubble bursts". The Indian Express. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  14. ^ Aurangabad civic polls: MIM wins 26 seats, stuns parties, The Times of India, 24 April 2015.
  15. ^ Jaffrelot, Christophe; Gayer, Laurent (1 December 2013), Muslims in Indian Cities : Trajectories of Marginalisation, HarperCollins Publishers India, pp. 143–, ISBN 978-93-5029-555-7
  16. ^ "Telangana polls: BJP borrows from Hyderabad history to recast Modi as Vallabhbhai Patel, paints KCR as 'new Nizam'". Firstpost.
  17. ^ "Statute vs sacred: Owaisi's game has a familiar ring". Times of India Blog. 20 March 2016.
  18. ^ "Asaduddin Owaisi's remark: Razakars don't say 'Bharat Mata Ki Jai'". Economic Times Blog. 17 March 2016.
  19. ^ Malik, Ashok (20 March 2016). "Instigating a controversy". Deccan Chronicle.
  20. ^ Muralidharan, Sukumar (2014). "Alternate Histories: Hyderabad 1948 Compels a Fresh Evaluation of the Theology of India's Independence and Partition". History and Sociology of South Asia. 8 (2): 119–138. doi:10.1177/2230807514524091.
  21. ^ "This day, that year: How Hyderabad became a part of the union of India".
  22. ^ Article in the Hindu on AIMIM Archived 29 July 2003 at the Wayback Machine. Hindu.com (27 April 2003). Retrieved 2012-05-05.
  23. ^ "MIM, the game changer in 2014 elections?". The Times of India. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  24. ^ "Majlis sounds election bugle". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2 March 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  25. ^ Songs in praise of Owaisi herald MIM's campaign – The Times of India. (16 February 2004). Retrieved 2012-05-05.
  26. ^ MIM president Salahuddin Owaisi passes away | Indian Muslims Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Indianmuslims.info. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  27. ^ "What is the Muslim alternative being offered by Owaisi's MIM?".
  28. ^ "Lakhs bid tearful adieu to Owaisi". Rediff. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  29. ^ "Waris Pathan named AIMIM national spokesman". Deccan Chronicle. 3 January 2020.
  30. ^ "AIMIM national spokesperson Syed Asim Waqar claims credit for 'setting up' Murshidabad's first university". DNA India. 2 March 2018.
  31. ^ "Akbaruddin Owaisi". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  32. ^ https://www.asianage.com/content/tags/zameerul-hasan. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. ^ "Asaduddin Owaisi announces his party AIMIM will contest assembly polls in Jharkhand". Hindustan Times. 25 September 2019.
  34. ^ Poovanna, Sharan (16 April 2018). "Karnataka polls: Asaduddin Owaisi's AIMIM to back Janata Dal (Secular)". Livemint.
  35. ^ Salar bids goodbye to elections. The Times of India. (26 March 2004). Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  36. ^ MIM President Salahuddin Owaisi passes away. TwoCircles.net. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  37. ^ Andhra Pradesh / Hyderabad News : A veteran of many battles. The Hindu (30 September 2008). Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  38. ^ "Majid Hussain is the new Mayor of Greater Hyderabad". NDTV.com. 3 January 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  39. ^ "Hyderabad". Hindustan Times. 4 April 2004. Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  40. ^ "Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen withdraws support to Andhra Pradesh government and UPA - Economic Times". The Economic Times. 13 November 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  41. ^ "Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen withdraws support to Andhra Pradesh government and UPA - Economic Times". The Economic Times. 13 November 2012. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  42. ^ "How ties between MIM and Congress strained". Rediff.
  43. ^ HyderabadNovember 12, Amarnath K. Menon; November 12, 2012UPDATED:; Ist, 2012 18:57. "MIM withdraws support from Congress govt in Andhra Pradesh". India Today.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  44. ^ "MIM withdraws support to UPA, Kiran government". 12 November 2012 – via www.thehindu.com.
  45. ^ GHMC Results, Congress leading. Siasat (26 November 2009). Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  46. ^ "MIM's Hussain elected Mayor of Hyderabad - IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  47. ^ "Top performing MPs to be honoured with Sansad Ratna Award". Indiatomorrow.net. 25 December 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  48. ^ "MIM shows good performance in Nanded city Municipal polls". TwoCircles.net. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  49. ^ "MIM makes electoral debut in Karnataka, win six seats in civic polls". TwoCircles.net. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
  50. ^ "Greater Hyderabad holds the key". The Times of India. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  51. ^ a b "Big gains for MIM in civic body polls". The Times of India.
  52. ^ "MIM improves position in Nizamabad". The Hindu.
  53. ^ "All India Majlis Ittehadul Muslimeen scores historic ton in Andhra municipal polls". Deccan Chronicle.
  54. ^ Farooquee, Neyaz. "Asaduddin Owaisi's Dalit outreach and the relevance of Prakash Ambedkar's Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi". The Caravan.
  55. ^ Kulkarni, Dhaval (22 March 2019). "AIMIM aims two Lok Sabha seats in Mumbai". DNA India.
  56. ^ "MIM's Hindu candidate defeats a Muslim in Hyderabad by election". Siasat. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  57. ^ "Hyderabad:MIM gives ticket to Hindu candidate - IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 1 April 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  58. ^ "Who is this Hindu candidate of MIM ?". The Times of India. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  59. ^ "MIM Announces Nine More Assembly Candidates, 1 LS". The New Indian Express. 9 April 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  60. ^ "MIM candidates in fray from 4 LS, 21 Assembly seats in Telangana". Siasat. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  61. ^ "MBT determined to get even with MIM". 3 January 2002 – via www.thehindu.com.
  62. ^ "Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen to contest from Telangana, Andhra Pradesh". Deccan Chronicle.
  63. ^ "MIM's Hindu candidate defeats Congress Muslim candidate in local election". TwoCircles.net. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  64. ^ "MIM announces relief for victims of Uttarakhand cal". Zee News.
  65. ^ "AIMIM announces relief worth Rs 78.75 lakh for Uttarakhand victims". Archived from the original on 11 June 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  66. ^ Desk, News (17 December 2015). "Chennai Floods: AIMIM Donated Over Rs. 4 Crores Aid to the Flood Affected Victims". AIMIM News India. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  67. ^ AuthorTelanganaToday. "Hyderabad: AIMIM sends medical relief to flood-affected Bihar". Telangana Today. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  68. ^ "Kerala floods: TRS MPs donate one month's pay | Hyderabad News". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  69. ^ "AIMIM ने भी केरल बाढ़ पीड़ितों को दिये 16 लाख रुपये, भेजेंगे दवाइयां". Sakshipost Hindi. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  70. ^ "Delhi riots: AIMIM MPs, MLAs to donate 1 month salary to victims". The Siasat Daily. 2 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.

External links[edit]