Allium atroviolaceum

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Broadleaf wild leek
"Allium atroviolaceum" found in Russia, Krasnodar Krai, Ust-Labinsk, banks of Kuban River
Allium atroviolaceum found in Russia, Krasnodar Krai, Ust-Labinsk, banks of Kuban River
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
A. atroviolaceum
Binomial name
Allium atroviolaceum
  • Allium ampeloprasum var. atroviolaceum (Boiss.) Regel
  • Allium ampeloprasum subsp. atroviolaceum (Boiss.) K.Richt.
  • Allium atroviolaceum var. caucasicum Sommier & Levier
  • Allium atroviolaceum var. firmotunicatum (Fomin) Grossh.
  • Allium atroviolaceum var. ruderale Grossh.
  • Allium firmotunicatum Fomin

Allium atroviolaceum is a species of flowering plant in the Amaryllidaceae family.[1] it is commonly called the broadleaf wild leek, and is native to Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, southern European Russia and the Caucasus, but widely cultivated in other regions as a food source and for its ornamental value. The species is sparingly naturalized in parts of the United States (Illinois, Kentucky, Virginia, and North and South Carolina)[2] and also in southeastern Europe (Italy, Greece, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Ukraine and the Balkans).[3][4]

Allium atroviolaceum is a perennial herb producing a large round bulb. Scape is up to 100 cm long. Leaves are broadly linear. Umbel is spherical with many purple or red-violet flowers crowded together.[5][6]


  1. ^ "Allium atroviolaceum Boiss". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  2. ^ United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service plant profile
  3. ^ Altervista Schede di Botanica, Allium atroviolaceum
  4. ^ World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Agroatlas, Interactive Agricultural Atlas of Russia and neighboring countries, Allium atroviolaceum
  6. ^ Boissier, Pierre Edmond. 1846. Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium Novarum, ser. 1, 7: 112.

External links[edit]