Alpine F1 Team

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France Alpine-Renault
Alpine logo.png
Full nameAlpine F1 Team
BaseEnstone, Oxfordshire, England, UK
Team principal(s)Laurent Rossi
(Chief Executive Officer)
Davide Brivio
(Racing Director)
Technical directorPat Fry
(Chassis Technical Director)
Rémi Taffin
(Engine Technical Director)
Previous nameRenault F1 Team
2021 Formula One World Championship
Race drivers14. Spain Fernando Alonso
31. France Esteban Ocon
Test driversTBA
ChassisAlpine A521
EngineRenault
TyresPirelli
Formula One World Championship career
First entry2021 Bahrain Grand Prix (Scheduled)
EnginesRenault
Constructors'
Championships
0
Drivers'
Championships
0

Alpine F1 Team is an upcoming Formula One constructor scheduled to make its debut with the start of the 2021 Formula One World Championship. Formerly named Renault F1 Team and owned by the French automotive company Groupe Renault, the team was rebranded for 2021 to promote Renault's sports car brand, Alpine, and continues to serve as Renault's works team.[1] The chassis and managerial side of the team is based in Enstone, England, and the engine side of the team is based in Viry-Châtillon, a suburb of Paris.

Background[edit]

Origins[edit]

The team entity has a long history, first competing in Formula One in 1981 as Toleman, when the team was based in Witney, England.[2] In 1986, following its purchase by Benetton Group, it was renamed and competed as Benetton. As Benetton, it won the 1995 Constructors' Championship and its driver, Michael Schumacher, won two Drivers' Championships - 1994 and 1995.[3] Prior to the 1992 it moved to its current location in Enstone, UK.[4] By the 2000 season, Renault had purchased the team (for the first time), and by the 2002 season its name was changed to Renault F1 Team, and it was racing as Renault.[5] Renault won the Constructors's Championship in 2005 and 2006 and its driver, Fernando Alonso won the Drivers' Championships in the same two years.[6] In 2011, Lotus Cars came onboard as a sponsor, and the team's name changed to Lotus Renault GP, though still racing as just "Renault" for that season.[7] By 2012 Genii Capital had a majority stake in the team, and from 2012 until 2015 the team's name was Lotus F1 Team, after its branding partner, and it raced as "Lotus". At the end of 2015 Renault had taken over the team for a second time, renaming it to Renault Sport Formula One Team.[8][9] The team raced as "Renault" again, from 2016, and continued as such until the end of the 2020 season.[10]

Alpine[edit]

The involvement of the sportscar manufacturer Automobiles Alpine in Formula One can be traced back to 1968, when the Alpine A350 Grand Prix car was built, powered by a Gordini V8 engine. However, after initial testing with Mauro Bianchi at Zandvoort, the project was ended when it was found that the engine produced around 300 horsepower (220 kW) compared to the Cosworth V8 engines' 400.[11] In 1975 the company produced the Alpine A500 prototype to test a 1.5 L V6 turbo engine for the Renault factory team which would eventually début in 1977.[12][13][14][15]

In September 2020, Groupe Renault announced their intention to use "Alpine" as their works team's new name going forward to promote the Alpine marque and thus the team is set to become known as the "Alpine F1 Team" whilst retiring the "Renault F1 Team" moniker after five years.[10]

Racing history[edit]

2021 season[edit]

Alpine will have former Renault Formula One World Champion Fernando Alonso and Esteban Ocon driving for them in their début season. They are due to use Renault engines.[10] Cyril Abiteboul left Renault as they transitioned to Alpine.[16]

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Points WCC
2021 A521 Renault
E-Tech
1.6 V6 t
P BHR EMI POR ESP MON AZE CAN FRA AUT GBR HUN BEL NED ITA RUS SIN JPN USA MXC SAP AUS SAU ABU
Spain Fernando Alonso
France Esteban Ocon

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, Luke; Noble, Jonathan (6 September 2020). "Renault to be rebranded as Alpine for 2021 F1 season". motorsport.com. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  2. ^ Straw, Edd (6 September 2020). "Ranking Renault/Alpine's Five Previous F1 Identities". The Race. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Renault return after Benetton deal". BBC News. 16 March 2000. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Formula 1 Team Histories – Part 2 – Benetton Formula". The Parc Fermé. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Renault R202". GP Technical. 2002. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  6. ^ Hughes, Mark; Piola, Giorgio (26 May 2020). "How the Renault R25 finally ended Ferrari's dominance and delivered Alonso's first title". F1. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Genii Capital & Group Lotus join forces in Lotus Renault GP". F1 Network.Net. 8 December 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  8. ^ Parkes, Ian (2 February 2016). "Analysis: 'Special' Enstone gets its reward with Renault F1 era". Autosport. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  9. ^ Higham, Peter (April 2016). "Data trace: 'Enstone'". MotorSport. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  10. ^ a b c "Renault to rebrand as Alpine F1 Team in 2021". formula1.com. 6 September 2020. Archived from the original on 4 October 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  11. ^ R. Smith "Alpine & Renault: The Development of the Revolutionary Turbo F1 Car 1968-1979." Chapter 3: The Alpine A350 Experimental Grand Prix Car, pp. 24-33
  12. ^ "Alpine A500 (1975)". l'automobile ancienne (in French). 13 September 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  13. ^ Vack, Pete (21 July 2010). "Book Review: Alpine and Renault: The Development of the Revolutionary Turbo F1 Car 1968 to 1979". VeloceToday.com. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  14. ^ "Alpine A500". StatsF1 (in French). Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  15. ^ "Abiteboul en charge d'Alpine, nouvelle identité de Renault Sport ?" [Abiteboul in charge of Alpine. New identity for Renault Sport?]. f1i.auto-moto.com (in French). 4 September 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2021. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  16. ^ "F1 team principal Cyril Abiteboul leaves Renault ahead of rebranding as Alpine". Wide World of Sports. Nine News. 12 January 2021. Archived from the original on 14 January 2021. Retrieved 14 January 2021.

External links[edit]