Anatolian Seljuks family tree

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Anatolian Seljuks (also called Seljuks of Rum and Seljuks of Turkey) was a former dynasty in Turkey. Süleyman, the founder of the dynasty, was a member of the Seljuk dynasty. His father was Tuğrul Bey's cousin. In 1077, after capturing Nicaea (modern İznik), Süleyman founded his kingdom as a vassal of the main Seljuk Empire. However, the Seljuks of Anatolia soon became independent of the main empire, and their state survived till the beginning of the 14th century. [1][2]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Grand Vizier Sāhīp Shams ad-Dīn Īsfahānī ruled the country on behalf of ʿIzz ad-Dīn Kay Kāwus II between 1246 and 1249
  2. ^ Grand Vizier Parwāna Mu‘in al-Din Suleyman ruled the country on behalf of Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Kay Khusraw III between 1266 and 2 August 1277 (1 Rabi' al-awwal 676)
  3. ^ Between 1246 and 1249 ʿIzz ad-Dīn Kay Kāwus II reigned alone
  4. ^ Between 1262 and 1266 Rukn ad-Dīn Kilij Arslan IV reigned alone
  5. ^ Between 1249 and 1254 triple reign of three brothers
  6. ^ According to İbn Bîbî, el-Evâmirü’l-ʿAlâʾiyye, p. 727. (10 Dhu al-Hijjah 675 - 17 Muharram 676)
  7. ^ According to Yazıcıoğlu Ali, Tevârih-i Âl-i Selçuk, p. 62. (10 Dhu al-Hijjah 677 - 17 Muharram 678)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt I, Akdtykttk Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p. 75-145.
  2. ^ Melek Tekin: Türk Tarihi Ansiklopedisi, Milliyet yayınları, İstanbul, 1991, p. 237.
  3. ^ Zahîrüddîn-i Nîsâbûrî, Selcûḳnâme, (Muhammed Ramazânî Publications), Tahran 1332, p. 10.
  4. ^ Reşîdüddin Fazlullāh-ı Hemedânî, Câmiʿu’t-tevârîḫ, (Ahmed Ateş Publications), Ankara 1960, vol. II/5, p. 5.
  5. ^ Râvendî, Muhammed b. Ali, Râhatü’s-sudûr, (Ateş Publications), vol. I, p. 85.
  6. ^ Müstevfî, Târîḫ-i Güzîde, (Nevâî Publications), p. 426.
  7. ^ a b c Osman Gazi Özgüdenli (2016). MÛSÂ YABGU. EK-2. İstanbul: TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi. pp. 324–325.
  8. ^ a b c d Sevim, Ali (2010). SÜLEYMAN ŞAH I (PDF). 38. İstanbul: TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi. pp. 103–105. ISBN 978-9-7538-9590-3.
  9. ^ a b c Faruk Sümer (2002). KUTALMIŞ (PDF). 26. İstanbul: TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi. p. 480-481. ISBN 978-9-7538-9406-7.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Sümer, Faruk (2009). ANADOLU SELÇUKLULARI (PDF). 36. İstanbul: TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi. pp. 380–384. ISBN 978-9-7538-9566-8.
  11. ^ Beyhakī, Târîḫ, (Behmenyâr), p. 71.
  12. ^ Özaydın, Abdülkerim (2002). KAVURD BEY (PDF). 25. İstanbul: TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi. pp. 73–74. ISBN 978-9-7538-9403-6.
  13. ^ Sümer, Faruk (2009). SELÇUKLULAR (PDF). 36. İstanbul: TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi. pp. 365–371. ISBN 978-9-7538-9566-8.
  14. ^ Enverî, Düstûrnâme-i Enverî, pp. 78-80, 1464.
  15. ^ Shukurov, Rustam (2016). The Byzantine Turks, 1204-1461. BRILL. pp. 108–109. ISBN 978-9004307759.