|Upper Yuat River|
|Papua New Guinea|
|Linguistic classification||Northeast New Guinea or independent language family|
The Arafundi–Piawi languages, also called the Upper Yuat River languages, consist of two small language families, namely Arafundi and Piawi. The connection was first suggested by William A. Foley (Comrie 1992) and confirmed by Timothy Usher. Foley (2018) classifies them separately as an independent language family.
Upper Yuat languages display more typological similarities with Trans-New Guinea than the other neighboring language families of the Sepik-Ramu basin (namely the Lower Sepik-Ramu and Yuat families), as the Upper Yuat family is located closer to the Trans-New Guinea area.
The Piawi languages are morphologically much simpler than the Arafundi languages.
- Upper Yuat family
- Piawi languages: Harway (Wiyaw / Waibuk), Pinai-Hagahai (Pinaye, Aramo / Aramaue)
- Arafundi languages: Awiakay, Lower Arafundi, Upper Arafundi, Imboin
Glottolog 4.0 splits up the family by classifying Piawi and Arafundi each as independent language families.
Proto-Upper Yuat pronouns sg pl 1 *ni *an ~ *aŋ 2 *na *ne 3 *nu
Upper Yuat languages typically have 7 vowels::236
i ɨ u e ə o a
- NewGuineaWorld Arafundi and Upper Yuat Rivers[permanent dead link]
- Foley, William A. (2018). "The Languages of the Sepik-Ramu Basin and Environs". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 197–432. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.