Archduke Stephen of Austria (Palatine of Hungary)

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Archduke Stephen

Palatine of Hungary
Stephan Erzherzog.jpg
Born(1817-09-14)14 September 1817
Buda, Hungary
Died19 February 1867(1867-02-19) (aged 49)
Menton, France
AllegianceAustrian Empire
Battles/warsBattle of Pákozd 1848 (build-up)
RelationsArchduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary (father)
Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym (mother)
Archduchess Hermine of Austria (sister)
SignatureIstván nádor signature.jpg

Archduke Stephen Francis Victor (German: Stephan Franz Viktor, Hungarian: István nádor; 14 September 1817, in Buda – 19 February 1867, in Menton) was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and the last Palatine of Hungary, serving from 1847 to 1848.

Biography[edit]

He was the son of Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary and Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym. His mother died shortly after giving birth to him and his twin sister, Archduchess Hermine of Austria. He was brought up by his stepmother, Maria Dorothea of Württemberg.

He spent much of his childhood in Buda and at the family estate in Alcsút and received an excellent education. He was mainly interested in Political Science, which he also studied later in Vienna.

Military career[edit]

He gained the rank of Lieutenant Field Marshal in the service of the Austrian Army. From 1839 until 1841 he was a Courteor at Vienna. In 1841 he travelled through the different countries of the monarchy, the Kingdom of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, the Tyrol, the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, the Papal States, Modena and Tuscany. In 1843 Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria appointed him governor of Bohemia. He stayed in that capacity until, in January 1847, his father died and he inherited the title of Count Palatine of Hungary on 12 November 1847.

Archduke Stephan died in 1848, unmarried and without heirs.

Honours[edit]

He received the following orders and decorations:[1]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie (1866), Genealogy p. 6
  2. ^ Boettger, T. F. "Chevaliers de la Toisón d'Or - Knights of the Golden Fleece". La Confrérie Amicale. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  3. ^ "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1843), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 6
  5. ^ Almanacco di corte (in Italian). 1858. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  6. ^ Hessen-Darmstadt (1866). Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Hessen: für das Jahr ... 1866. Staatsverl. p. 8.
  7. ^ Hessen-Kassel (1866). Kurfürstlich Hessisches Hof- und Staatshandbuch: 1866. Waisenhaus. p. 15.
  8. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg (1866), "Der Großherzogliche Haus und Verdienst-orden des Herzogs Peter Friedrich Ludwig" p. 25
  9. ^ Liste der Ritter des Königlich Preußischen Hohen Ordens vom Schwarzen Adler (1851), "Von Seiner Majestät dem Könige Friedrich Wilhelm IV. ernannte Ritter" p. 22
  10. ^ Anhalt-Köthen (1851). Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch für die Herzogthümer Anhalt-Dessau und Anhalt-Köthen: 1851. Katz. p. 11.
  11. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1864), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 11
  12. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1865), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 54, 65
  13. ^ Staat Hannover (1865). Hof- und Staatshandbuch für das Königreich Hannover: 1865. Berenberg. pp. 37, 76.
  14. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1866), "Königliche Orden" p. 30
  15. ^ Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Nassau (1866), "Herzogliche Orden" pp. 8, 12
  16. ^ Bayern (1864). Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Königreichs Bayern: 1864. Landesamt. p. 10.
  • Roberts, Gary Boyd, Notable Kin Volume Two, published in cooperation with the New England Historic and Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, by Carl Boyer, 3rd, Santa Clarita, California, 1999, volume 2, p. 220.
Archduke Stephen of Austria (Palatine of Hungary)
Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
Born: 14 September 1817 Died: 19 February 1867
Political offices
Preceded by
Archduke Joseph
Palatine of Hungary
1847–1848/1867
Succeeded by
Archduke Joseph Karl
as Titular Palatine of Hungary