Archibald Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery

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Archibald John Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery, KT, PC, FRS (14 October 1783 – 4 March 1868), styled Viscount Primrose until 1814, was a British politician.

He was the eldest son of Neil Primrose, 3rd Earl of Rosebery, and his second wife, Mary Vincent. Primrose was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge, gaining his MA in 1804.[1] He was Member of Parliament for Helston from 1805 to 1806 and Cashel from 1806 to 1807.

He succeeded to the earldom in 1814, and was created Baron Rosebery, of Rosebery in the County of Edinburgh, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, in 1828. He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1831 and a Knight of the Thistle in 1840. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society.

He was the grandfather of Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1894 to 1895.


Lord Rosebery married firstly Harriett Bouverie in 1808. They had four children:

Lord and Lady Rosebery were divorced in 1815. He married secondly Anne Margaret Anson in 1819. They had two children:[2]

  • Lady Anne Primrose (22 Aug 1820-17 Sept 1862).
  • Lady Louisa Primrose1 (4 May 1822–23 Mar 1870).


  1. ^ "Primrose, Archibald John (Lord Dalmeny) (PRMS801AJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ "Archibald John Primrose, 4th Earl of Rosebery". 22 May 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2011.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Penn
Davies Giddy
Member of Parliament for Helston
With: Davies Giddy 1805–1806
Sir John Shelley, Bt 1806
Succeeded by
Nicholas Vansittart
John Du Ponthieu
Preceded by
William Wickham
Member of Parliament for Cashel
Succeeded by
Quintin Dick
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The 5th Earl of Hopetoun
Lord Lieutenant of Linlithgowshire
Succeeded by
The 6th Earl of Hopetoun
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Neil Primrose
Earl of Rosebery
Succeeded by
Archibald Primrose
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Rosebery
Member of the House of Lords
Succeeded by
Archibald Primrose