Arizona's 1st congressional district
|Arizona's 1st congressional district|
Arizona's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
|Current Representative||Tom O'Halleran (D–Sedona)|
|Area||58,608 sq mi (151,790 km2)|
Arizona's 1st congressional district is a congressional district located in the U.S. state of Arizona. Geographically, it is the tenth-largest congressional district in the country and includes much of the state outside the Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas. Since 2013 it includes the Navajo Nation, the Hopi reservation and the Gila River Indian Community, with 25% of the population being Native American.
When Arizona was first divided into congressional districts as a result of the 1950 Census, the 1st District comprised all of Maricopa County, home to Phoenix, while the rest of the state was in the 2nd District. In a mid-decade redistricting resulting from Wesberry v. Sanders in 1967, the 1st was cut back to eastern Phoenix and most of what became the East Valley.
Over the years, the 1st's share of Phoenix was gradually reduced due to the area's explosive growth in the second half of the 20th century. However, it remained based in the East Valley until Arizona picked up two seats in the 2000 U.S. Census. The old 1st essentially became the 6th District, while a new 1st District was created to serve most of the state outside of Phoenix and Tucson.
After the 2012 redistricting, the Hopi reservation was drawn into the 1st District; it had previously been included within the 2nd District. Also included were some northern suburbs of Tucson that had been in the 8th, as well as a tiny section of Phoenix itself near the Gila River Indian Community. Meanwhile, heavily Republican Prescott, the old 1st's largest city, and much of surrounding Yavapai County were drawn into the new, heavily Republican 4th District. The district is now considered to be significantly more competitive for Democrats.
- External links
- Map of Congressional Districts first in effect for the 2002 election
- Tentative Final Congressional Map for the 2012 election
This large congressional district covers the mainly rural areas of northern and eastern Arizona. Democrats perform well in Flagstaff, Sedona, and the Navajo Nation among Native Americans, while Republicans are strongest in the more rural areas. Elections are usually decided by conservative "Pinto Democrats" throughout the rural areas. Due to its vast size, it is extremely difficult to campaign in and has few unifying influences.
George W. Bush received 54% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain also carried the district in 2008 with 54.4% of the vote while Barack Obama received 44.3%. In the 2012 presidential election Mitt Romney (R) won with 50% of the vote, with Obama receiving 48%. Due to intense competition, this is generally considered a swing district. The redistricting has increased the number of historically Democratic voters.
During the Super Tuesday, February 5, 2008 Arizona Democratic Primary, the district was won by Hillary Clinton with 48.5% of the vote, while Barack Obama received 42.2% and John Edwards took 5.0%. In the Arizona Republican Primary, the 1st District was won by McCain with 46.0% while Mitt Romney received 35.2% and Mike Huckabee took in 11.7% of the vote in the district.
Tom O'Halleran (D) won the congressional seat in 2016. The district was considered very competitive for both parties in the 2016 primaries and general election.
|Election results from statewide races|
|2000||President||Bush 51 – 46%|
|2004||President||Bush 54 – 46%|
|2008||President||McCain 54 – 44%|
|2012||President||Romney 50 – 48%|
|2016||President||Trump 48 – 47%|
List of representatives
|Representative||Party||Term||Congress||Electoral history||Geographical area|
|John R. Murdock||Democratic||January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
|Redistricted from the At-large district.
|Maricopa County: Metro Phoenix|
|John J. Rhodes, Jr.||Republican||January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1967
|January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1983
|Part of Maricopa County: Metro Phoenix|
|John McCain||Republican||January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
|Retired to run for U.S. Senator||Part of Maricopa County: Parts of Metro Phoenix (East Valley)|
|John J. Rhodes III||Republican||January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
|Sam Coppersmith||Democratic||January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
|103rd||Retired to run for U.S. Senator.|
|Matt Salmon||Republican||January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
|Retired to run for Governor.|
|Jeff Flake||Republican||January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
|107th||Redistricted to the 6th district.|
|Rick Renzi||Republican||January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
North and East Arizona: Apache County, Gila County, Graham County, Greenlee County, Yavapai County, and parts of Coconino County, Navajo County, and Pinal County
|Ann Kirkpatrick||Democratic||January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
|Paul Gosar||Republican||January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
|112th||Redistricted to the 4th district.|
|Ann Kirkpatrick||Democratic||January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2017
|Retired to run for U.S. Senator.||Apache County, and parts of Coconino County, Gila County, Graham County, Greenlee County, Maricopa County (part Navajo County, Pima County, Pinal County|
|Tom O'Halleran||Democratic||January 3, 2017 –
|115th||First elected in 2016.|
Recent election results
|Republican||Sydney Ann Hay||109,924||40.5%|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
Living former Members
As of January 2017[update], there are seven former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 1st congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was John Jacob Rhodes III (1987–1993) on January 20, 2011.
|Representative||Term in office||Date of birth (and age)|
|John McCain||1983–1987||August 29, 1936|
|Sam Coppersmith||1993–1995||May 22, 1955|
|Matt Salmon||1995–2001||January 21, 1958|
|Jeff Flake||2001–2003||December 31, 1962|
|Rick Renzi||2003–2009||June 11, 1958|
|March 24, 1950|
|Paul Gosar||2011–2013||November 27, 1958|
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Can Navajo Nation help rescue endangered Dem Congresswoman?". ABC News. October 8, 2010.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing.
- Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress Archived February 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- Demographic data from census.gov
- 1998 election data from CNN.com
- 2000 election data from CNN.com
- 2002 Election Data from CBSNews
- 2004 Election Data from CNN.com
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present