Arizona's 1st congressional district

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Arizona's 1st congressional district
Arizona US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Arizona's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Tom O'Halleran (DSedona)
Area 58,608 sq mi (151,790 km2)
Distribution
  • 55.4% urban
  • 44.6% rural
Population (2015) 759,663[1]
Median income 32,979
Ethnicity
Cook PVI R+2[2]

Arizona's 1st congressional district is a congressional district located in the U.S. state of Arizona. Geographically, it is the tenth-largest congressional district in the country and includes much of the state outside the Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas. Since 2013 it includes the Navajo Nation, the Hopi reservation and the Gila River Indian Community, with 25% of the population being Native American.

Some 25% of the population of the district is Native American, primarily Navajo, Hopi and Pima. The district has more Native Americans than any other congressional district in the United States.[3]

It is currently represented by Democrat Tom O'Halleran.

History[edit]

When Arizona was first divided into congressional districts as a result of the 1950 Census, the 1st District comprised all of Maricopa County, home to Phoenix, while the rest of the state was in the 2nd District. In a mid-decade redistricting resulting from Wesberry v. Sanders in 1967, the 1st was cut back to eastern Phoenix and most of what became the East Valley.

Over the years, the 1st's share of Phoenix was gradually reduced due to the area's explosive growth in the second half of the 20th century. However, it remained based in the East Valley until Arizona picked up two seats in the 2000 U.S. Census. The old 1st essentially became the 6th District, while a new 1st District was created to serve most of the state outside of Phoenix and Tucson.

After the 2012 redistricting, the Hopi reservation was drawn into the 1st District; it had previously been included within the 2nd District. Also included were some northern suburbs of Tucson that had been in the 8th, as well as a tiny section of Phoenix itself near the Gila River Indian Community. Meanwhile, heavily Republican Prescott, the old 1st's largest city, and much of surrounding Yavapai County were drawn into the new, heavily Republican 4th District. The district is now considered to be significantly more competitive for Democrats.

External links

Competitiveness[edit]

This large congressional district covers the mainly rural areas of northern and eastern Arizona. Democrats perform well in Flagstaff, Sedona, and the Navajo Nation among Native Americans, while Republicans are strongest in the more rural areas. Elections are usually decided by conservative "Pinto Democrats" throughout the rural areas. Due to its vast size, it is extremely difficult to campaign in and has few unifying influences.

George W. Bush received 54% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain also carried the district in 2008 with 54.4% of the vote while Barack Obama received 44.3%. In the 2012 presidential election Mitt Romney (R) won with 50% of the vote, with Obama receiving 48%. Due to intense competition, this is generally considered a swing district. The redistricting has increased the number of historically Democratic voters.

During the Super Tuesday, February 5, 2008 Arizona Democratic Primary, the district was won by Hillary Clinton with 48.5% of the vote, while Barack Obama received 42.2% and John Edwards took 5.0%. In the Arizona Republican Primary, the 1st District was won by McCain with 46.0% while Mitt Romney received 35.2% and Mike Huckabee took in 11.7% of the vote in the district.

Tom O'Halleran (D) won the congressional seat in 2016. The district was considered very competitive for both parties in the 2016 primaries and general election.

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 51 – 46%
2004 President Bush 54 – 46%
2008 President McCain 54 – 44%
2012 President Romney 50 – 48%
2016 President Trump 48 – 47%

List of representatives[edit]

Arizona gained a second congressional seat after the 1940 Census. It used a general ticket to elect its representatives until the 1948 elections, when candidates ran from each of the districts.

Representative Party Term Congress Electoral history Geographical area[4][5][6]
John Murdock.jpg John R. Murdock Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
81st
82nd
Redistricted from the At-large district.
Lost re-election.
Maricopa County: Metro Phoenix
JohnRhodes.jpg John J. Rhodes, Jr. Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1967
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
Retired.
January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1983
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
Part of Maricopa County: Metro Phoenix
McCainPortrait.jpeg John McCain Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
98th
99th
Retired to run for U.S. Senator Part of Maricopa County: Parts of Metro Phoenix (East Valley)
Rhodes III AZ-1.png John J. Rhodes III Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
100th
101st
102nd
Lost re-election.
Sam Coppersmith.jpg Sam Coppersmith Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Matt Salmon, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Matt Salmon Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
104th
105th
106th
Retired to run for Governor.
Jeff Flake, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Jeff Flake Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
107th Redistricted to the 6th district.
Rick Renzi, official 109th Congress photo.jpg Rick Renzi Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
108th
109th
110th
Retired. United States House of Representatives, Arizona District 1 map.png
North and East Arizona: Apache County, Gila County, Graham County, Greenlee County, Yavapai County, and parts of Coconino County, Navajo County, and Pinal County
Ann Kirkpatrick.jpg Ann Kirkpatrick Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Lost re-election.
Paul Gosar Official Portrait c. 2012.jpg Paul Gosar Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Redistricted to the 4th district.
Ann Kirkpatrick 113th Congress.jpg Ann Kirkpatrick Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2017
113th
114th
Retired to run for U.S. Senator. Apache County, and parts of Coconino County, Gila County, Graham County, Greenlee County, Maricopa County (part Navajo County, Pima County, Pinal County
Tom O'Halleran official portrait.jpg Tom O'Halleran Democratic January 3, 2017 –
Present
115th First elected in 2016.

Recent election results[edit]

2002[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Renzi 85,967 49.2%
Democratic George Cordova 79,730 45.6%
Libertarian Edwin Porr 8,990 5.2%
Majority 6,237 3.6%
Total votes 174,687 100.0
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Renzi* 148,315 58.5%
Democratic Paul Babbitt 91,776 36.2%
Libertarian John Crockett 13,260 5.2%
Majority 56,539 22.3%
Total votes 253,351 100.0
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rick Renzi* 105,646 53.2%
Democratic Ellen Simon 88,691 44.7%
Libertarian David Schlosser 4,205 2.1%
Majority 16,955 8.5%
Total votes 198,542 100.0
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 155,791 57.5%
Republican Sydney Ann Hay 109,924 40.5%
Independent Brent Maupin 4,124 1.5%
Libertarian Thane Eichenauer 1,316 0.5%
Majority 45,867 16.9%
Total votes 271,155 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

2010[edit]

Arizona's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Paul Gosar 112,816 49.7%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick* 99,233 43.7%
Libertarian Nicole Patti 14,869 6.6%
Majority 13,583 6.0%
Total votes 226,918 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

2012[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 122,774 48.8%
Republican Jonathan Paton 113,594 45.2%
Libertarian Kim Allen 15,227 6.0%
Majority 9,180 3.7%
Total votes 251,595 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

2014[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 97,391 52.6% +3.8%
Republican Andy Tobin 87,723 47.4% +2.3%
Majority 9,568 5,2% +1.6%
Total votes 185,114 100.0
Democratic hold

2016[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Tom O'Halleran 142,219 50.7%
Republican Paul Babeu 121,745 43.3%
Green Ray Parrish 16,746 6.0%
Majority 20,474 8.8%
Total votes 280,710 100.0
Democratic hold

Living former Members[edit]

As of January 2017, there are seven former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 1st congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was John Jacob Rhodes III (1987–1993) on January 20, 2011.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
John McCain 1983–1987 (1936-08-29) August 29, 1936 (age 81)
Sam Coppersmith 1993–1995 (1955-05-22) May 22, 1955 (age 62)
Matt Salmon 1995–2001 (1958-01-21) January 21, 1958 (age 59)
Jeff Flake 2001–2003 (1962-12-31) December 31, 1962 (age 54)
Rick Renzi 2003–2009 (1958-06-11) June 11, 1958 (age 59)
Ann Kirkpatrick 2009–2011
2013–2017
(1950-03-24) March 24, 1950 (age 67)
Paul Gosar 2011–2013 (1958-11-27) November 27, 1958 (age 59)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Can Navajo Nation help rescue endangered Dem Congresswoman?". ABC News. October 8, 2010. 
  4. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing. 
  5. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing. 
  6. ^ Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress Archived February 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.

Coordinates: 34°58′16″N 110°43′33″W / 34.97111°N 110.72583°W / 34.97111; -110.72583