Army ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation
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|Independent troops (rod)|
|Special operations force (sof)|
|History of the Russian military|
The Russian Armed Forces have two styles of ranks: army-style ranks and navy-style ranks. The army and air force use only army-style ranks.
Ranks and insignia
|Category||Troop ranks||Parade uniform insignia||Everyday uniform insignia||Field uniform insignia||NATO equivalent|
|Marshal of the Russian Federation[Note 1]
(Ма́ршал Росси́йской Федера́ции)
|Army general/general of the Army
field grade officers
company grade officers
|Junior lieutenant/second lieutenant
|Student officers||Officer cadet
|Category||Troop ranks||Parade uniform insignia||Everyday uniform insignia||Field uniform insignia||NATO approximate|
|Praporshchik||Senior ensign/Chief warrant officer
|Sergeants||Petty officer/Sergeant first class
|Senior sergeant/Staff sergeant
|Soldiers and yefréytors||Gefreiter/Private First Class
|Ryadovoy/Private Second Class
Rank titles are sometimes modified due to a particular assignment, branch or status:
- The ranks of servicemen assigned to a "guards" unit or formation are preceded by the word “guards”;
- The ranks of servicemen in the legal, medical and veterinary branches are followed by “of justice”, “of the medical service”, and “of the veterinary service”, respectively;
- The ranks of servicemen in the reserve or retired are followed by “of the reserve” or “in retirement”, respectively;
- The rank descriptor "of aviation" was officially abolished but is still commonly used.
Rank reform (2008)
As a result of the 2008 to 2011 defense reform the Russian Army's 90,000 warrant officer positions have been removed but on 27 February 2013 the expanded board of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Russian Defence Minister S. Shoigu announced the return of the warrant officer to the Armed Forces of Russia.
Insignia reform (2010)
On March 11, 2010, Law No.2010-293 of the President of Russia introduced a new set of rank insignia. Privates, airmen and seamen now wear plain shoulder epaulettes. Senior NCOs had their chevrons replaced by plain bars (small horizontal bars for corporals and sergeants increasing in number with seniority, large horizontal bars for staff sergeants, and vertical bars for master sergeants). These rank badges mirror the insignia of both the Imperial Russian Army and the Soviet Army in the 1970s. Warrant officers and officers received new shoulder rank epaulettes and all general officer insignia now reflect service affiliation in the duty dress uniform. The parade dress gold epaulettes have been retained. The insignia for a marshal of the Russian Federation retained the coat of arms of Russia and the marshal's star.
Rank and insignia reform (2013)
In 2013 the insignia of an army general now include the marshal's star, surmounted by a red star in a wreath. Starting Spring 2013 the warrant officer ranks of the RGF were reinstated, the first appointments to be given out later that summer.
- Ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation´s armed forces 1994–2010
- Naval ranks and insignia of the Russian Federation
- List of comparative military ranks
- History of Russian military ranks
- Military ranks of the Soviet Union
- Ranks and insignia of the Russian armed forces until 1917
- The rank of marshal of the Russian Federation, the highest in the Russian Army, is not presently held by anyone in the modern armed of the Russian Federation. The only officer to hold the rank is the former Minister of Defense Igor Sergeyev, who was elevated from commander (army general) of the Strategic Rocket Forces. As it stands, marshal of the Russian Federation should be considered an honorary title equivalent to a field marshal, marshal or five-star general in other countries, created in the event of a major war or as the result of extreme military accomplishment (see marshal of the Soviet Union).
- NATO (2021). STANAG 2116 NATO (7th ed.). Brussels, Belgium: NATO Standardization Agency. p. D-1.
- Military encyclopaedia, 2nd edition. 1973, L-No.: 5, ES-Nr.: 6C1, Ref-No.: 745.303.1, table 77 … USSR; rank insignia and insignia of armed services, cap emblems …; here Russian NCO ranks: Mladshy serzhant = Unteroffizier (OR5), Serzhant = Feldwebel (OR6) and Starshy serzhant = Oberfeldwebel (OR7).
- http://www.5-tv.ru/news/72342/ in Russian
- "ПРИКАЗ от 9 октября 2020 г. N 525". rulaws.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 May 2021.
- "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 11 марта 2010 года № 293 "О военной форме одежды, знаках различия военнослужащих и ведомственных знаках отличия"". rg.ru (in Russian). Российской газеты. 12 March 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
- Federal Law No. 58-FZ from March 12, 1998 "On military duty and military service" (in Russian)
- Presidential Decree No. 531 from May 8, 2005 "On military uniform, rank insignia of the servicemen and state bodies' rank insignia" (in Russian)
- Military ranks of Russia