Arthur Charles Nielsen
September 5, 1897
|Died||June 1, 1980 (aged 82)|
|Alma mater||University of Wisconsin–Madison|
Arthur Charles Nielsen Sr. (September 5, 1897 – June 1, 1980) was an American businessman, electrical engineer and market research analyst who created and tracked the Nielsen ratings for television as founder of the A.C. Nielsen Company.
Arthur Charles Nielsen was born in Chicago, Illinois. He was of Danish descent. Nielsen was educated at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where he received a B.S., summa cum laude in 1918. He was a member of Tau Beta Pi (engineering honor society), the Sigma Phi Society and a captain of the varsity tennis team from 1916 to 1918. He subsequently served in the U.S. Naval Reserve.
Nielsen worked as an electrical engineer for the Isko Company from 1919 to 1920 and for the H. P. Gould Company, both in Chicago, from 1920 to 1923. He founded the ACNielsen company in 1923, and in doing so advanced the new field of market research. This involved: (1.) test marketing new products to determine their viability prior to costly mass marketing and production; and (2.) measuring product sales at a random sample of stores to determine market share. Careful statistical sampling was crucial to this process. The techniques developed by Nielsen were especially important for the efficient operation of a market prior to the introduction of computerized digital networks that in the 1990s enabled continuous and comprehensive monitoring of sales by product retailers. Nielsen was also a pioneer in developing methods of measuring the audience of radio and television broadcasting programs, most notably the Nielsen ratings.
Nielsen inaugurated a National Radio Index for broadcasters and advertisers in 1942, followed by a television ratings service in 1950. By the time of his death, the company's revenue was US$398 million annually.
With his son Arthur Nielsen Jr. he won the U.S. Father and Son doubles tennis titles in 1946 and 1948. He was elected to the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1971 for his contributions to the sport. The University of Wisconsin awarded him an honorary Doctor of Science (ScD) in 1974. Nielsen was appointed a Knight of the Order of the Dannebrog, Ridder af Dannebrog (1961) by the government of Denmark.
Nielsen and his wife Gertrude (d.1998) donated the Nielsen Tennis Stadium to the University of Wisconsin–Madison. In 1990, the A.C. Nielsen family made a donation to UW-Madison to establish the A.C. Nielsen Center for Marketing Analytics and Insights, which provides MBA, MS, and certificate programs in marketing research, consumer insights, and analytics. It is the only full-time market research program in the United States. A small tennis center in Winnetka, Illinois, is named after him.
- Annual Advertisement Awards Committee, 1936
- Chicago Federated Advertisements Club, 1941
- American Marketing Association, 1951 and 1970
- Hall of Fame in Distribution in 1953
- International Advertisement Association, 1966
- A.C. Nielsen. U.S. Media Market Researcher (The Museum of Broadcast Communications) 
- "Milestones, Jun. 16, 1980", Time, June 16, 1980.
- North American Medal Recipient Index (The Order of Dannebrog and other Royal Scandinavian medals by William P. Jones) "Danish American Medal" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
- University of Wisconsin-Madison. Nielsen Tennis Stadium Archived 2011-10-17 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 19 August 2011.
- "History of the A.C. Nielsen Center | Wisconsin School of Business at UW Madison". bus.wisc.edu. Retrieved 2020-08-05.
- "A.C. Nielsen Tennis Center". Winnetka Park District. Retrieved 2020-09-22.