Aukra

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Aukra kommune
View of the Ormen Lange facilities in Nyhamna
View of the Ormen Lange facilities in Nyhamna
Official logo of Aukra kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Aukra within Møre og Romsdal
Aukra within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°49′43″N 06°50′45″E / 62.82861°N 6.84583°E / 62.82861; 6.84583Coordinates: 62°49′43″N 06°50′45″E / 62.82861°N 6.84583°E / 62.82861; 6.84583
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictRomsdal
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreFalkhytta
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Odd Jørgen Nilssen (H)
Area
 • Total60.64 km2 (23.41 sq mi)
 • Land60.54 km2 (23.37 sq mi)
 • Water0.10 km2 (0.04 sq mi)  0.2%
Area rank345 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,509
 • Rank215 in Norway
 • Density58/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
9.8%
DemonymsGossing
Aukraværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1547
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Websiteaukra.kommune.no

Aukra is municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the region of Romsdalen. The administrative centre is the village of Falkhytta, which is part of the Aukrasanden urban area.

The municipality is made up of the island of Gossa as well as many small surrounding islands, plus a small area around the village of Hollingen across the Julsundet strait on the mainland Romsdal peninsula. Some of the main population centers include the villages of Hollingen, Aukrasanden, Varhaugvika, and Røssøyvågen. Nyhamna is a major industrial area in Aukra.

The 61-square-kilometre (24 sq mi) municipality is the 345th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Aukra is the 215th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 3,508. The municipality's population density is 58 inhabitants per square kilometre (150/sq mi) and its population has increased by 9.8% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Akerø was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). In 1840, most of Akerø on the Romsdal peninsula was separated to form the municipality of Frænen. On 1 January 1867, the islands that are located to the west of Gossa (population: 601) were separated to become the new Sandøy Municipality. On 1 January 1924, the southern part of the municipality (Otrøya and several other islands) were separated to form the new municipality of Sør-Aukra, and the remainder of the municipality was renamed Nord-Aukra.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the Mordal area of Nord-Aukra (population: 77) was transferred to Molde Municipality. On 1 January 1965, Nord- was dropped from the name of the municipality, so it was then just called Aukra.[5]

On 1 January 2020, the uninhabited islands of Lyngværet and the island of Orta (population: 11) were transferred from Sandøy Municipality to Aukra.[6]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Aukra farm (Old Norse: Aukrin), since the first Aukra Church was built there. The first element is akr which means "field" or "acre" and the last element is vin which means "meadow" or "pasture". Before 1918, the name was written Akerø or Agerø.[7]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 22 May 1987. The arms show two Bronze Age bracelets on a blue background. The bracelets are based on an archaeological finding in the area. The rings thus symbolize the long tradition of habitation in the area.[8]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Aukra. It is part of the Molde domprosti (arch-deanery) in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Aukra
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Aukra Aukra Church Aukrasanden 1835

History[edit]

Aukra is the site of a shipwreck and rescue operation, when the cargo ship Rokta on 4 April 1938. The monument of Rokta is situated on Rindarøy island with a view of Galleskjæra where the Rokta sank.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Aukra, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Romsdal District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Aukra is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Aukra Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:21
Aukra Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Aukra List (Aukralista)1
Total number of members:21
Aukra Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Aukra List (Aukralista)3
Total number of members:21
Aukra Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Aukra Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Aukra Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Aukra Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Aukra Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:21
Aukra Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:21
Aukra Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:21
Aukra Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:19
Aukra Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Non-party list (Upolitisk Liste)3
Total number of members:19
Aukra Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:19
Aukra Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:19
Nord-Aukra Heradsstyre 1964–1967 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:17
Nord-Aukra Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:17
Nord-Aukra Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:17
Nord-Aukra Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:16
Nord-Aukra Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16
Nord-Aukra Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [26]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)11
Total number of members:16
Nord-Aukra Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [27]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:16

Mayor[edit]

The mayors of Aukra (incomplete list):

Economy[edit]

The Nyhamna industrial area on the northeastern part of the island of Gossa in Aukra is the location from where the Langeled pipeline, transporting natural gas from the enormous Ormen Lange gas field to the United Kingdom, came onstream in 2007. Local politicians expect a lot from the land-based production facility. Especially the taxes, which in their opinion, far exceeds the externalities put on the inhabitants of Gossa.[citation needed]

Aukra Auto runs the bus service on the island of Gossa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Vedtar grensejustering mellom Sandøy og Aukra kommuner" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2020-01-01.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 300.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-06-08.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  10. ^ "Tall for hele Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
  11. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  12. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Møre og Romsdal" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-04-26.

External links[edit]