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Aquitani tribes at both sides of the Pyrenees.

The Ausci were an Aquitani pre-Roman tribe settled in what today is southwestern France, in the city of Elimberrum or Eliberris (from Basque, hiri: "city" and berri: "new"), present-day Auch in the French department of Gers. The Ausci spoke a form or dialect of the Aquitanian language, a precursor of the Basque language.[1]


They are mentioned as Ausci by Caesar (mid-1st c. BC), Pliny (1st c. AD) and Pomponius Mela (mid-1st c. AD),[2][3][4] and as Au̓skíois (Αὐσκίοις) by Strabo (early 1st c. AD).[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jacques Lemoine, Toponymie du Pays Basque Français et des Pays de l'Adour, Picard 1977, ISBN 2-7084-0003-7
  2. ^ Caesar. Commentarii de Bello Gallico, x:x
  3. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia, 4:108
  4. ^ Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis, 3:27:1
  5. ^ Strabo. Geōgraphiká, 4:108
  6. ^ Falileyev 2010, p. entry 6316.


  • Falileyev, Alexander (2010). Dictionary of Continental Celtic Place-names: A Celtic Companion to the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. CMCS. ISBN 978-0955718236.